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1 !MARRIAGE:HRH Prince Michael of Albany's 'The Forgotten MonarchyofScotland; ; ; Tree #0167; ; Date of Import: 18 Sep 1998 FITZ GEOFFREY, Hawise (I6289)
2 "Betsy (1823-Mar. 12, 1874,) md. Angus MacDonald, (1814- June 22, 1884,)son of Dougald 'Mohr' MacDonald) on Feb. 22, 1847. They lived atMalignant Cove. He was appt'd a Justice of the Peace in 1864. They had afamily of at least eight. One son, Willie, married a niece of FatherRonald MacGillivray. Father Anthony MacDonald of Antigonish Diocease,along with his brother Rickie and sister Margie, are great-grandchildrenof Angus and Betsy (Ross) MacDonald, being the children of Dougald, (whomd. Jean MacDonald) son of Willie, son of Angus." ROSS, Elizabeth (I5122)
3 "Ce 13me décembre 1632 en l'eglise Nostre dame de Brouage a este baptizeeMarie fille de pierre Miville Souice & Charlotte Maugin sa femme a esteparrain pierre Riche et marine Corset. Bessoneau Vicaire" MIVILLE, Marie (I3602)
4 "feu" when E.A. was married LEFEBVRE, Guillaume (I2074)
5 "In memory of Angus McDonald of French River. Died August 9, 1835, aged80. Cairid na chiad Gaeil a thainigin duthch" (friend of the firstHighlanders who came to the country) GILLIS MACDONALD, Angus (I3805)
6 "JOHN JAMES ROSS The Gulf Shore lost a staunch citizen in the death athis Arisaig home June 13th of John James Ross, aged 86, following threeweeks illness. Son of the late Donald and Margaret (Gillis) Ross, he wasborn at Pleasant Valley, and moved with his parents to Arisaig when aninfant. Mr. Ross became a key-man in the community life of Arisaigparish. Neighbors and others sought his wise counsel and readyassistance in times of perplexity and trouble. He was a kindly man whoenjoyed helping others and seeing people prospering and happy. Goodfortune to neighbors brought gladness to his great heart. As asuccessful farmer and fisherman he understood freely the successes anddisappointments of the North Shore people. St. Margaret's church, inparticular, will miss his sincere and loyal support, for Mr. Ross wasits warden for nearly forty years. He was married twice, the first wife,Margaret MacDougall, Arisaig, predeasing him by 47 years. Survivingchildren are a son Dan, and a daughter, Christy, Mrs. Herman Paterson,Roxbury, Mass. The second Mrs. Ross, his widow, was the former SarahMacDonald, daughter of Alexander MacDonald, McArra's Brook, and Mary(Grant) MacDonald, Knoydart. There are four children surviving from thisunion: Andrew, California; Alexander, Arisaig; John, R.C.A.F.; Margaret,Mrs. Charles Oliver, Brighton, Mass. A brother, W. J. Ross, Antigonish:a sister Mrs. Alexander MacDonald, Brighton, Mass, and 13 grandchildrenalso survive. The funeral was largely attended. Solemn requiem Mass inSt. Margaret's Church was celebrated by Rev. D.C. MacEachern.P.P.,assisted by Rev. C.F. Ross as deacon, and Rev. A. Ross, sub-deacon,cousins of the deceased, and Rev. Neil MacKenzie, master of ceremonies.Pall bearers were Allan R. MacDonald, Donald MacDonald, AndrewMacDonald, C. D. Gillis, Archibald MacInnis, Hugh D. MacDonald and DanJ. MacDonald. R.I.P.
CARD OF THANKS Mrs. J.J.Ross and family wish to convey their gratefulthanks to all who sent Mass Cards and flowers and who in any other wayexpressed sympathy and tendered assistance during thier recentbereavement; they are particularly grateful to their pastor, Rev. D.MacEachern, Rev. A. Ross, Boisdale, Rev. F. Ross, Maryvale and Rev. NeilA. MacKenzie,." 
ROSS, John James (I3865)
7 "Morte en sa cabane au Cap Diamant" PETITPAS, Marguerite (I2768)
8 "Pierre Martin laboureur avec sa femme et un enfant demeurant a Bourguel" etait au nombre des passagers MARTIN, Pierre (I1165)
9 "Pierre Martin laboureur avec sa femme et un enfant demeurant a Bourguel" etait au nombre des passagers VIGNEAU, Catherine (I1166)
10 "Ross at Arisaig on Monday 15th inst., in the 29th year of age, MargaretMcDougall, beloved wife of John J. Ross leaving a sorrowing husband tomourn the loss of an affectionate partner and 2 young children to facethis cold and bitter world without the guiding hand and tender care of aloving mother. Strenghtened by all the consolations of holy religionunder the eyes and prayers of her spititual father, she calmly breathedher life away with the light of hope into life eternal illuminating hercountenance. Hers were the mildness of disposition and kindliness ofmanner." MACDOUGAL, Margaret (I4583)
11 "subregulus" of Kent, Essex, Sussex and Surrey in 825 or 828, andsucceeded his father as King of Wessex on 4 feb, 839. In 855 he resignedWessex to his son Ethelbald and confined his own authority to Kent,Sussex and Essex as "Subregulus". King Aethelwulf King of England (I4749)
12 "Thirty acres of land is granted unto William Nelson lying on the Northside of Jones River Meddow on both sides of the brooke that goes fromMr. Joseph Bradford's; so that it not be prejudicial to the neighbours" NELSON, William (I1496)
13 "was the first known Cobb to emigrate from England to the PlymouthColony, Cape Cod, MA. Many distinguished descendants have long searchedfor his English origin and background. In developing this vignette ofthe immigrant I have drawn liberally from the scholarly works of PhilipL. Cobb, author of The Cobb Family (1907), Richard Cobb, Harvardprofessor and Richard Cobb a retired Navy Supply Corps Captain. However,the hypotheses and conclusions contained herein are my own. (TracyAshley Crocker Sr.)

Much is known on the activities of Henry Cobb, the Puritan, in theBay Colony but little has been done to unravel the specifics of hisorigin. There is general agreement that "The Elder Henry or the DeaconHenry Cobb" came from an area in County Kent east of the Medway Riverwhich flows out of the hills of southern Kent through Maidstone andChatham and into the Thames Estuary. It is within this area thatinhabitants are called "Men of Kent" (Jutish origin); those to the westof the Medway are known as "Kentish Men" (Saxon origin). ProfessorRichard Cobb, through study and acquaintance with the Cape Coddescendants of Henry Cobb, suggests that as a young man Henry Cobb was"rather short, with blue eyes and reddish sandy hair." Interesting, asthis description agrees with the perceived appearance of the GermanicJutes who invaded and settled in Great Britain in the 5th century.
The most visible trail of "Henry the Elder" in England is found inhis relationship with his church leader, the Reverend John Lothrop.Lothrop, "a man of good family and education" was baptized at Eton on 20December 1584. He received BA and MA degrees at Queens College,Cambridge. In 1611 we find him with the established Church of England atEgerton, Kent, a distance of about 15 miles from the probable home ofHenry Cobb in Reculver, Kent. Obviously disenchanted with the autocraticdogma of the King's Church, the Reverend Lothrop is found as minister ofan independent church in London in 1623; and then on 29 April 1632, wefind him imprisoned in London with 40 members of his flock for violatingthe laws relating to religious gatherings. Following two yearsimprisonment, Lothrop left England in the ship "Griffin" with his familyand some members of his church for the Plymouth colony, arriving there18 September 1634. Here Henry Cobb, the Lothrop protege who had been inthe Colony for about five years, responded to the call of his old friendand esteemed pastor. He aided the Reverend in getting his family andchurch established in the newly formed town of Scituate. Lothrop'srecords published in the New England Register, Volumes IX and X, leaveslittle doubt of Henry Cobb's membership in Lothrop's London church:
"Uppon January 8, 1634, Wee had a day of humiliation and then atnight joyned in covenaunt together, so many of us had beene in covenauntbefore. To Witt.
Mr. Gilsonn and his wife
Goodman Anniball and his wife
Goodman Rowly and his wife
Goodman Cobb and his wife
Goodman Turner
Edward Foster
Goodman Foxwell
Samuel House."

It is very probable that immigrant Henry Cobb of Plymouth andAmbrose Cobb of the Virgina Colony were of the same Kent Family, theyshared a common progenitor in John Cobb, Esquire (b. ca 1300) of Cobb'sCourt, Romney, Kent. The suggested (but undocumented) relationshipsshown are based primarily on the association of the family names,locations, and dates. That is, Henry Cobb of Plymouth Colony wouldappear to be a second son of Henry Cobb (1561-1617) of Reculver, Kent.The son Henry was born about 1605. (He married Patience Hurst inPlymouth in 1631; English Yeoman of his time, married at age 26, thusthe basis for his date of birth). Most men of Kent were farmers in anarea famous for hops, fruit, and grain. Even in this age, importance wasattached to the idea of status. The term "Yeoman" was commonly used inlegal and other documents to denote status above "Husbandman" (smaller,less prosperous farmer) and below that of "Gentleman" (upper middleclass). Yeomen, from whom Henry Cobb was descended, were reasonably welleducated. Some Yeomen sons attended the universities; some becameclergymen. A review of the Cobbs of Kent and a person inspection of theManor houses at Reculver and Eastleigh Court suggest 16th century gentrybut 17th century Yeomen. Suffice it to say that the emigrant Henry Cobbdid not inherit his father's estate. The major inheritance, by custom,probably went to Benjamin Cobb, the first-born son. This situation, aswell as the significant influence of Reverend Lothrop, could have giventhe impressionable 18 year old Henry Cobb ample justification to seek anapprenticeship in the shops or pubs of London in 1623, the year thatLothrop formed his church there. The influence of the charismatic Lotropon the Cobbs of Reculver must have been substantial. The Cobb home atReculver was about 15 miles from Egerton, Kent where Lothrop was inresidence from 1611 to 1623. Henry Cobb, the assumed father of theemigrant Henry, was himself censured by the establishment. He had becomeLord of the Manor of Bishopstone, Reculver Kent, when his father Richarddied in 1582. In the record of the Visitations of Archdeacon ofCanterbury in 1599 is found the following "We present these personswhose names are hereunder written for they refuse to pay unto a cessmade by divers of our parish for the reparation of our said church:.....Henry Cobb 3 shillings, 10 pence (owed)."
The nature of Henry Cobb's apprenticeship or trade in London isopen to conjecture. The fact that he came from an area rich in hops andgrain and later in the Colony he was authorized to dispense winesuggests the production and/or sale of ale, the national beverage of theera. From the Plymouth Colony Record 1173; "5 June 1644, Henry Cobb islycensed to draw wine at Barnstable."
What better place than an English pub in the 17th century to keepabreast of politics, religion and emigration. Henry Cobb of London mustcertainly have been aware of a number of significant events, viz: Thatin 1604, in a declaration at Hampton Court, James I said of thePuritans, "I shall make them conform themselves or I will harry them outof the Land or else do worst." Henry must have known the story of anundereducated group of separatists called "Pilgrims" who sough refugefirst in Amsterdam and subsequently in Leyden, Holland; and theunwilling to be assimilated into the Dutch culture, made their way toPlymouth in 1620 aboard the "Mayflower". (of the 101 passengers on thefirst voyage of the Mayflower, 35 were Leyden adventurers.) In 1628 thePuritans of Henry Cobb's sect began their mass exodus. In 1630 JohnWinthrop, a strong and able leader, led nearly 1000 Puritans with theircattle and horses to settlements in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Ingeneral the Puritans were a wealthier and better educated class than thePilgrims but they shared their deeply religious convictions. It wasshortly after the Winthrop departure that Henry Cobb made his move,probably in the ship "The Anne" in 1629. Other possible ships include "Mayflower II' and the "Little James", which also arrived at Cape Cod in1629. Professor Cobb said in his character analysis of Henry, theemigrant, that he was "sensible, shrewd, adverse to making trouble orbeing a part of it." Cobb didn't linger in London long enough to bejailed in the famous "clink" with the zealous Lothrop and his followersin 1632. When the great Civil War of 1642 came about to settle thequestion of supremacy between King and Parliament, High Church andPuritans, Henry Cobb is found saving souls and selling wine inMassachusetts."
(John E. Cobb, Col., US Army) 
COBB, Elder Henry (I1472)
14 '..was one of the first settlers in New Haven, Conn. and was born inRoyton in Lenham, Kent. His descent can be traced to Thomas Atwater ofRoyton, who died in 1484.' [p.396 of Jost] Lived and died in districtnow called Cedar Hill. 'David was one of the original planters of NewHaven. He bought land in Wallingford for his oldest son Joshua, who diedbefore he could take possession of it, so the next son, John, became oneof the first settlers in Wallingford.' [correspondence of Clare('Tag')Duprey, 1981] ATWATER, David (I1073)
15 '2nd earl, who, in the 1st year of Richard I., had a charter datedatWestminster, 27 November, constituting him Earl of Norfolk, andstewardof the household, his lordship obtaining at the same timerestitution ofsome manors, with grants of others, and confirmatkionof all his widespreading demesnes. Upon the return of King Richard from his captivity,the Earl ofNorfolk assisted at the great council held by the king atNottingham;and at his second cornonation, his lordship was one of thefour earlsthat carried the silken canopy over the monarch's head. In thereignof King John he was one of the barons that extorted the greatChartersof Freedom from that prince,and was amongst the twenty-fivelordsappointed to enforce their fulfilment.' (BurkeG-53) Magna CartaSurety 1215 He was the Earl of Norfolk & Suffolk. BIGOD, Roger Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk (I6659)
16 'became Sister Avelina of the Sisters of Mercy.' CONNORS, Margaret (I4021)
17 'Before 1218, Margaret founded an Augustinian convent in memory ofherparents and brother on land donated by King John at AconburyinHerefordshire, near the village of Holme Lacy. She was buriedtherein the Priory Church, which is now disused and locked.' DE BRAOSE, Margaret (I6419)
18 'Captain.' RANDALL, Elisha Atkins (I3903)
19 'Civil and Criminal Leutenant (Judge) for Quebec in 1651. Around July 20,1652 established himself in Lauzon. Today the Grand Trunk Station standswhere he lived. Recv'd degree in Paris. May 19, 1633. SEVESTRE, Charles (I2495)
20 'died unmarried' TUTTLE, David (I3950)
21 'French Canadian and Acadian Genealogical Review', Spring 1968. Page16-26. He signed his name as 'Guion', and it is from him that Guyon, andmany Dion and Dionnes descend. His godfathers are Jean Collin and PierreDolivet, and godmother Catherine Goddin. He grew up in Tourouvre, on May18, 1614, he signed at loan to Pantaleon Bigot, a farmer from Autheuil,a sum consisting of: 'a small gold pistol, pieces of fifty-two sons,quarters of crowns and other silver pieces'. For a value of about 84pounds. He was already a mason although only 24 years of age, was verysuccessful. Jean built the old stairs of the steeple tower of the churchat Tourouvre in 1615. He was then living in the parish of St-Jean deMortagne, province of Perche, France. GUYON, Jean (I2214)
22 'Hugh Bigod, 3rd earl, who m. Maud, eldest dau. of William Mareschal,Earlof Pembroke, and by her (who m. 2ndly, William Earl of WarrenneandSurrey,) had issue, I. Roger, his successor. II. Hugh, an eminentlawyer.III.Ralph, m. Berta, dau. of the Baron Furnival . . . Hislordship, whowas also one of the twenty-five barons appointed toenforce theobservance of Magna Charta, d. in 1225 . . . ' (BurkeG-53) Surety of theMagna Carta. He was third Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk.He was born before1195, and took part from the beginning in theBarons' Magna Chartaproceedings. Not many particulars of this Baron'slife have beenpreserved, as he enjoyed for only a few years the titleof Earl ofNorfolk and Suffolk, and his father's estates and honors,to which he hadsucceeded in the 5th of King Henry III. He died fouryears later, inFebruary 1224/5, having married about 1212 Maud, asister of the SuretyWilliam Marshall. In her right, Hugh acquired theEarldom of Pembroke,and in this rank bore the royal sceptre at thecoronation of King Richard BIGOD, Hugh (I6429)
23 'If he accompanied his father to Nova Scotia, he at least remained herebut a short time.' [Jost, page 397] ATWATER, Abel Ward (I3958)
24 'Lived at North Haven.' TUTTLE, Jonathan (I3949)
25 'm. Richard Edwards of New Haven. (Timothy Edwards of Windsor?)'Evidently, there is some question about Elizabeth's husband. TUTTLE, Elizabeth (I3952)
26 'Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth Century Colonists', David Faris,1996 Source (S202)
27 'Richard I, the Lion-hearted, spent much of his youth in hismother'scourt at Poitiers. Richard cared much more for thecontinentalpossessions of his mother than for England - he also caredmuch morefor his mother than for his father. Family considerationsinfluencedmuch of his life: he fought along side of his brothers PrinceHenryand Geoffrey in their rebellion of 1173-4; he fought for hisfatheragainst his brothers when they supported an 1183 revolt inAquitane;and he joined Philip II of France against his father in1188,defeating Henry in 1189. 'Richard spent but six months of histen-year reign in England. Heacted upon a promise to his father to jointhe Third Crusade anddeparted for the Holy Land in 1190 (accompanied byhis partner-rivalPhilip II of France). In 1191, he conquered Cyprus enroute toJerusalem and performed admirably against Saladin, nearly takingtheholy city twice. Philip II, in the meantime, returned to Franceandschemed with Richard's brother John. The Crusade failed initsprimary objective of liberating the Holy Land from Moslem Turks,butdid have a positive result - easier access to the region forChristianpilgrims through a truce with Saladin. Richard received word ofJohn'streachery and decided to return home; he was captured by Leopold VofAustria and imprisoned by Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI.Theadministrative machinery of Henry II insured the continuance ofroyalauthority, as Richard was unable to return to his realm until1194.Upon his return, he crushed a coup attempt by John and regainedlandslost to Philip II during the German captivity. Richard's warwithPhilip continued sporadically until the French were finallydefeatednear Gisors in 1198. 'Richard died April 6, 1199, from a woundreceived in a skirmish atthe castle of Chalus in the Limousin. Near hisdeath, Richard finallyreconciled his position with his late father, asevidenced by SirRichard Baker in A Chronicle of the Kings of England:'The remorse forhis undutifulness towards his father, was living in himtill he died;for at his death he remembered it with bewailing, anddesired to beburied as near him as might be, perhaps as thinking theyshould meetthe sooner, that he might ask him forgiveness in anotherworld.'Richard's prowess and courage in battle earned him the nicknameCoeurDe Lion ('heart of the lion'), but the training of his mother'scourtis revealed in a verse Richard composed during his germancaptivity: 'No one will tell me the cause of mysorrow Whythey have made me a prisoner here.Wherefore with dolour I now makemy moan; Friends had Imany but help have I none. Shameful it isthatthey leave me to ransom, To languish here twowinters long.' Reigned 1189-1199. Prisoner in Germany 1192-1194. Ahero of Medievallegends spent all but 6 months of his reign abroad. Hebecame Duke ofAquitaine in 1168 and of Poitiers in 1172. He joined the3rd crusadein 1189 and conquered Messina and Cyprus before arriving inthe HolyLand. His victory at Arsuf gained Joppa (1191). On his way homehe wasaptured in Austria and was only released by Emporer Henry VIafterpayment of an enourmous ransom (1194). He returned briefly toEnglandbut died in France. Most sources agree that he died withoutissue, but there are some thatclaim he had this one child. I have noproof of either. It is alwaysa possiblity that he left descendants, butin this case as he wasroyalty and well documented it is doubtful.However I added it to myancestry because it is a possibility. Pleaseuse with caution. PLANTAGENET, Richard 'The Lionheart' (I6390)
28 (80 ans env.) BRUN, Andrée (I4501)
29 (85 ans) PELLERIN, Catherine dit Colbec (I2429)
30 (90 ans env.) GAUTROT, Marie (I5013)
31 (Gravel 4-5) Family F1457
32 (Member of the Legislative Council) CORBETT, Honorable John Edward MLC (I783)
Henry was born in 1068 in Selby, Yorkshire, the only child ofWilliam the Conqueror to be born in England. He was also the only son tobe born in 'purple' as only two years previously William had become kingof England. As the youngest child he was his mother's favourite and whenshe died she left him her English estates.

He had a good education, learning to read and write Latin as wellas English and Law. In 1086 he was knighted by his father. When hisfather died in 1087 his brother Robert received the duchy of Normandywhile William II Rufus became king of England. Henry, having estates inboth territories like so many other Norman barons, had to maintain hisrelations with two overlords.

When in 1100 William Rufus mysteriously died, Henry was elected tosucceed as king of England and on 6 August he was crowned in WestminsterAbbey. His first act as king was to restore Anselm as archbishop ofCanterbury, then he started to look for a bride. For his queen heselected Edith of Scotland, daughter of King Malcolm Canmore and, moreimportantly, of St. Margaret of Wessex who was a descendant of the kingsof England prior to the Conquest. In honour of the king's mother,Matilda of Flanders, Edith changed her name to Matilda. Restoring Anselmdid not ensure peace in the kingdom as he refused to do homage to theking, claiming to hold the church estates in the name of the pope.Anselm was then forced into exile, and peace was restored only in 1107when the king's sister Adela, countess of Blois, found a solutionacceptable to both: bishops would pay homage to the king and the kingwould allow clerical investiture.

When Henry's brother Robert Curthose, duke of Normandy returnedfrom Crusade he proved such a bad ruler that the barons in Normandyrevolted and asked for Henry's support. Henry was also motivated by awish to eliminate the continuing threat from Robert and the drain on hisfiscal resources from the annual payment to him, so in 1105 he led anexpeditionary force across the English Channel. On the morning of 28September 1106, exactly 40 years after their father had landed inEngland, the decisive battle between his two sons took place in thesmall village of Tinchebray. Robert's army was defeated and he wascaptured. Robert was imprisoned and Henry became duke of Normandy.

Henry was a good diplomat; even though troubles within Normandyand with France continued, he made a successful alliance when his onlydaughter Matilda married the Emperor Heinrich V in 1114. In 1119 hisonly son William went to the continent and married a daughter of thecount of Anjou. On the journey home the 'White Ship' was wrecked andWilliam with his entourage drowned. Henry's wife had died in 1118, buthe waited until 1122 before taking a second wife, Adeliza of Louvain. Hehad fathered two legitimate and probably nineteen illegitimate children,but his second marriage remained childless.

In 1126 Henry designated his daughter, the widowed EmpressMatilda, as his successor; and in 1127 he selected Geoffrey, count ofAnjou, as her second husband even though he was ten years younger thanMatilda. Henry travelled a great deal between England and Normandy, andon 1 August 1135 he left England for the last time. He died 1 December1135 at St. Denis-le-Fermont near Gisors. His body was taken back toEngland and buried at Reading Abbey.

From Encylcopedia Britannica Onlines, article entitled Henry I 'Also,HENRY BEAUCLERC (GOOD SCHOLAR), French HENRI BEAUCLERC youngestandablest of William I the Conqueror's sons, who as king ofEngland(1100-35) strengthened the crown's executive powers and, likehisfather, also ruled Normandy (from1106).' 'Henry I was a skillful,intelligent monarch who achieved peace inEngland, relative stability inNormandy, and notable administrativeadvances on both sides of theChannel. Under Henry, the Anglo-Normanstate his father had created wasreunited. Royal justices began makingsystematic tours of the Englishshires, but, although hisadministrative policies were highly efficient,they were notinfrequently regarded as oppressive. His reign marked asignificantadvance from the informal, personal monarchy of former timestowardthe bureaucratized state that lay in the future. It also markedashift from the wide-ranging imperialism of earlier Norman leaderstoconsolidation and internal development. In the generationsbeforeHenry's accession, Norman dukes, magnates, and adventurershadconquered southern Italy, Sicily, Antioch, and England. Henry wonhismajor battles but preferred diplomacy or bribery to the risks ofthebattlefield. Subduing Normandy in 1106, he contented himselfwithkeeping domestic peace, defending his Anglo-Norman stateagainstrebellion and invasion, and making alliances withneighbouringprinces.' 
King Henry I of England (I7903)
Wratislaw was born about 888, the son of Borziwoy I, duke of Bohemia,and Ludmilla, heiress of Psov (later canonised, who is venerated as apatroness of Bohemia). He was the younger brother of Spitignew I, whosucceeded their father as duke of Bohemia. Spitignew is rememberedsolely for his 895 alliance with Arnulf, duke of Bavaria (the Diet ofAugsburg). which separated Bohemia from Great Moravia. Designed toprotect Bohemia against the ravages of Magyar raiders, this pact alsoopened Bohemia to East Frankish Carolingian culture and paved the wayfor the eventual triumph of Roman Catholicism in Czech spiritualaffairs. Spitignew died in 915 and was succeeded by Wratislaw.

About 906 Wratislaw married Drahomira von Stodar. They had threesons and three daughters, of whom their son Boleslaw would have progeny.Wratislaw died in battle against the Magyars. His date of death isgenerally given as 13 February 921. He was succeeded by his 13-year-oldson Wenceslas, who ruled Bohemia from the age of 18 but was murdered in935 by a group of nobles allied with his younger brother Boleslaw.Wenceslas was canonised, and remains the patron saint of the Czechpeople. 
AV OD BOHEMIA, Duke Vratisl I Duke of Bohemia (I57)
1st King of Scots (or King of Alba)

Kenneth was born about 800, the son of Alpin, king of Kintyre.Kenneth was king of the Picts and, according to national myth, firstking of Scots, earning him the posthumous epithet 'An Ferbasach' ('TheConqueror'). His undisputed legacy was to produce a dynasty of rulerswho claimed descent from him. Even though he cannot be regarded as thefather of Scotland, he was the founder of the dynasty which ruled thatcountry for much of the medieval period.

Kenneth's origins are uncertain, as are his ties, if any, toprevious kings of the Picts of Dál Riata (the Gaelic over-kingdom on thewestern seaboard of Scotland with some territory on the northern coastsof Ireland). Medieval genealogies are unreliable sources, but somehistorians accept Kenneth's descent from the Cenél nGabrain of DálRiata.

Although later traditions provided details of his reign and death,Kenneth's father Alpin is not listed as among the kings in the _DuanAlbanach_ (Song of the Scots), the Middle Gaelic poem found with the_Lebor Bretnach,_ a Gaelic version of the _Historia Brittonum_attributed to Nennius. The idea that Kenneth was a Gael is not entirelyrejected, but modern historiography distinguishes between Kenneth as aGael by culture, and perhaps in ancestry, and Kenneth as a king ofGaelic Dál Riata. Kenneth could well have been the first sort of Gael.Kings of the Picts before him, from Bridei, son of Der-Ilei, his brotherNechtan as well as Oengus I (Angus I), son of Fergus and his presumeddescendants, were all at least partly Gallicised. The idea that theGaelic names of Pictish kings in Irish annals represented translationsof Pictish ones was challenged by the discovery of the inscription_Custantin filius Fircus(sa),_ the latinised name of the Pictish kingCaustantin, son of Fergus, on the Dupplin Cross.

Kenneth's rise to power can be placed in the context of the recentend of the previous dynasty, which had dominated Fortriu (an ancientPictish kingdom, often used synonymously with Pictland in general) fortwo or four generations. This followed the death of King Uen, son ofOengus of Fortriu, his brother Bran, Aed mac Boanta and many others inbattle against the Vikings in 839. The resulting succession crisisseems, if the Pictish Chronicle's king-lists have any validity, to haveresulted in at least four would-be kings warring for supreme power.

Kenneth's reign is dated from 843, but it was probably not until848 that he defeated the last of his rivals for power. The _PictishChronicle_ claims that he was king in Dál Riata for two years beforebecoming Pictish king in 843, but this is not generally accepted. In849, Kenneth had relics of St. Columba, which may have included theMonymusk Reliquary, transferred from Iona to Dunkeld. Other than theseare bare facts, the _Chronicle of the Kings of Alba_ reports that heinvaded Saxonia six times, captured Melrose and burnt Dunbar, and alsothat Vikings laid waste to Pictland, reaching far into the interior.

The reign of Kenneth also saw an increased degree of Norsesettlement in the outlying areas of modern Scotland. The Shetlands, theOrkneys, Caithness, Sutherland, the Western Isles and the Isle of Man,and part of Ross were settled; the links between Kenneth's kingdom andIreland were weakened, those with southern England and the continentalmost broken. In the face of this, Kenneth and his successors wereforced to consolidate their position in their kingdom, and the unionbetween the Picts and the Gaels, already progressing for severalcenturies, began to strengthen. By the time of Donald II, the kingswould be called neither of the Gaels nor of the Scots, but of Alba.

Kenneth died from a tumour on 13 February 858 at the palace ofCinnbelachoir, perhaps near Scone. The annals report the death as thatof the 'king of the Picts', not the 'king of Alba'. The title 'king ofAlba' is not used until the time of Kenneth's grandsons Donald II(Domnall mac Causatin) and Constantine II (Constantin mac Aeda). TheFragmentary Annals of Ireland quote a verse lamenting Kenneth's death:Because Cináerd with many troops lives no longer there is weeping inevery house; there is no king of his worth under heaven as far as theborders of Rome.

Kenneth left at least two sons, Constantine and Aed, who werelater kings, and at least two daughters. One daughter married Run, kingof Strathclyde, and Eochaid mac Run, king of the Picts, resulted fromthis marriage. Kenneth's daughter Máerl Muire married two importantIrish kings. Her first husband was Aed Finliath of the Cenél nEógain.Niall Glúndub, ancestor of the O'Neill, was the son of this marriage.Her second husband was Flann Sinna of Clann Cholmáin.

FROM: P L Kessler , ...The History Files, HomePublishing A(c)1999, www.users.globalnet.co.uk\\_plk\\history.htm,Internet. 843 AD Kenneth rules from Scone (Fortriu, modern Forteviot),capital of the Southern Picts. 850 AD Kenneth rules Pictland andunites most of the country, a feat which is extended to cover allScotland by subsequent kings.

succeeded his father as King of Galloway and other parts of Scotland on20 July or in August 834, and became King of the area known as Dalriadain 841. In 843/4, he became King of the Picts, thus uniting the oldGaelic kingdoms of Alba for the first time, and by 846 he was firmlyestablished as King of Scotland. 
MAC ALPIN, Kenneth I King of Scots and PiCounts (I5297)
Crusader 1099

Hugues was born in 1057, the son of Henri I, king of France, andAnna of Kiev. He was the younger brother of King Philippe I. After 1067he married Adelaide, comtesse de Vermandois et de Valois, only child ofHeribert IV, comte de Vermandois et de Valois and Adèle, comtesse deValois. Hugues and Adelaide had five children of whom four would haveprogeny.

In early 1096 Hugues and Philippe began discussing the FirstCrusade after news of the Council of Clermont reached them in Paris.Although Philippe could not participate, as he had been excommunicated,Hugues was said to have been influenced to join the Crusade after aneclipse of the moon on 11 February 1096.

That summer Hugues' army left France for Italy, where they wouldcross the Adriatic Sea into territory of the Byzantine empire, unlikethe other Crusader armies which were travelling by land. On the way,many of the soldiers led by fellow Crusader Emicho von Leiningen joinedHugues' army after Emicho was defeated by the Hungarians, whose land hehad been pillaging. Hugues crossed the Adriatic from Bari in SouthernItaly, but many of his ships were destroyed in a storm off the Byzantineport of Dyrrhachium.

Hugues and most of his army were rescued and escorted toConstantinople, where they arrived in November 1096. Prior to hisarrival, Hugues sent an arrogant, insulting letter to the Eastern RomanEmperor Alexius I Comnenos, according to the emperor's biography by hisdaughter (the _Alexiad_), demanding that Alexius meet with him.

'Know, O King, that I am King of Kings, and superior to all whoare under the sky. You are now permitted to greet me, on my arrival, andto receive me with magnificence, as befits my nobility.'

Alexius was already weary of the armies about to arrive, after theunruly mob led by Peter the Hermit had passed through earlier in theyear. Alexius kept Hugues in custody in a monastery until Hugues sworean oath of vassalage to him.

After the Crusaders had successfully made their way across Seljukterritory and, in 1098, captured Antioch, Hugues was sent back toConstantinople to appeal for reinforcements from Alexius. Alexius wasuninterested, however, and Hugues, instead of returning to Antioch tohelp plan the siege of Jerusalem, went back to France. There he wasscorned for not having fulfilled his vow as a crusader to complete apilgrimage to Jerusalem, and Pope Paschal II threatened to excommunicatehim. He joined the minor Crusade of 1101, but was wounded in battle withthe Turks in Asia Minor about 5 September, and died of his wounds on 18October in Tarsus.

In 1103 his widow Adelaide married Renaud, comte deClermont-en-Beauvaisis, and they had two children. Adelaide died on 28September 1120 or 1124. 
DE FRANCE, Hugues Count of Vermandois (I6)
37 , province de Namur GODIN, Maurice cavalier de Givet (I5031)
38 . She was killed by a drunk boater as she was taking a swim after theday's filming of the movie 'The Boy in Blue' - which is dedicated toher. HUGHES, Sara Helen Parry (I769)
39 1 man >50, 1 man 16-50, 1 woman. 1 Scotch, 1 Irish, 1 acadian O'BRIEN, Michael (I4590)
40 1 man >50, 1 woman , 4 boys, 3 girls = 9 total [1 Irish, 1 American, 7Acadians] 1838 2 men >14, 1 girl over 14; 50 acresclear, 50 acres wilderness (family #126) Notes in Ivan Randall's bibleabout Morgan's children (compare 1817 above): Mrs.Chisholm at Pond,Mrs.Leydon, Mrs.O'Brien, Richard, Donald, William, Thomas (Thomasidentifed as father of Mat and John) 1818 surveyor's map (see PaulRandall): Morgan Connors has a plot granted between Afton &Tracadie--other maps show this land granted to John Turpey. CONNORS, Morgan (I1063)
41 10 ans JEANNE, Andrée Angélique (I4967)
42 10 ans au rec. de 1681; 46 ans en 1716 LACASSE, Marie Françoise (I3382)
43 100 ans CADIEUX, Charles Sieur de Courville (I2131)
44 100 arpents achetées au prix de 2,880 livres. Ferme et métairie. Elleporte le nom depuis 1204 et tient son nom des macicots, c'est-à-direleschantres du clergé de Notre-Dame de paris. DE BAILLON, Sr de Valence et de la Mascotterie escuyer Alphonse (I3314)
45 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I854)
46 13/12 89000.Auxerre Il enleva sa femme avec l'appui du Pape. Family F3337
47 1337, in living 11th year of the reign of Edward III. COBB, Richard Esq. (I1959)
48 15 betes a cornes, 8 moutons, 12 cochons, 30 arpents en valeur. MORIN, Pierre dit Boucher (I1163)
49 15 betes a cornes, 8 moutons, 12 cochons, 30 arpents en valeur. MORIN, Pierre dit Boucher (I1163)
50 1871 census: Elisha W. (52 yrs.) lives with wife Ruth and 3 small girls,his widowed mother, and his cousin James Randall Cook. Elisha is a'storekeeper' and James (27 yrs.) is a 'store clerk.' They aredescribed as 'W. Methodist.' According to Martha Feltmate (of Bayfield,NS) Elisha W. had a shipyard; two of his ships were the EWR, and theNEVA (was originally supposed to be NOVA!). The old store (original?)was torn down in the 1970's. It was across the road from Elisha'shouse--one of the earliest and nicest of the old homes. RANDALL, Elisha William (I3891)
51 1er mariage célébré à N-D de Québec. Témoin: Samuel de Champlain Family F1379
52 22 ans en 1666 IVORY, Catherine (I3260)
53 22 ans en 1666. ISABELLE, Michel dit Le Grand (I2180)
54 23-09 ct. Duquet Family F1832
55 24 ans MINEAU, Gabrielle (I3117)
56 24 ans 1681 MINEAU, Gabrielle (I3117)
57 25 ans en '66 et 28 ans en '67, 40 ans en '81 VEAU, Sylvain (I3385)
58 25 ans en 1666 DIONNE, Antoine (I3259)
59 26 ans en 1681 HUBERT, Marie (I3174)
60 26 betes a cornes, 29 brebis, 12 chevres, 20 cochons, 6 arpents en valeur MIUS, Lieutenant-Major Philippe Sieur d'Entremont Baron de de Pob (I4490)
61 26ans JEANNE, Andrée Angélique (I4967)
62 2ème épouse de Valentinien. Justina (I5466)
63 2ieme du nom. Parrain Jacques de Meule, Intendant de la Nouv-France(depassage) et Marie-Josephe Le Neuf de la Valliere, fille du Seigneur deBeaubassin. MORIN, Jacques dit Bonsecours (I1184)
64 2nd Earl of Huntingdon DE SAINT LIZ, Earl Simon Of Huntingdon (I6804)
65 2Nd Earl of Surrey, Commander in KIng's Army; Knight DE WARRENNE, Earl William (I6878)
66 30 ans MARTIN, Andrée (I1173)
67 30 ans en 1667 VALLÉE, Pierre (I3377)
68 30 arpents en valeur PARÉ, Robert (I2279)
69 31 betes a cornes, 8 brebis, 27 cochons, 50 arpents en labour, 12 fusils Family F2512
70 32 ans GUENET, Pierre (I2061)
71 32 ans en 67 BRUNET, Françoise (I3408)
72 33 ans en '66 DUBÉ, Mathurin (I3876)
73 34 ans GODIN, Pierre dit Chatillon (I4984)
74 35 ans MARTIN, Marie-Madeleine (I1164)
75 35 ans en 1666 GAREMAN, Nicole (I4656)
76 36 ans en 1681 DE BAILLON, Catherine Marie (I3296)
77 36 ans, charpentier MÉNAGE, Pierre (I3232)
78 37 ans GUENET, Pierre (I2061)
79 3ème enfant. Profession : Comte de Salm et Co-Roi de Germanie en 1080. DE SALM, Hermann Ier (I6161)
80 3ème femme. DE HEIDMARK, Svanhild Oysteinsdotter (I5999)
81 40 ans LAMBERT, Eustache Sieur de Ste-Marie (I4647)
82 45 ans DOYON, Jean (I2153)
83 50 arpents en valeur, 13 bestiaux. Family F1272
84 57 ans BRASSARD, Antoine (I2378)
85 58 ans BRASSARD, Antoine (I2378)
86 62 ans SAINT-DENIS, Pierre (I3616)
87 64 ans en 1697, 42 ans en 66 et 67, 60 ans en 81 CHAPELIER, Marie (I3398)
88 68 ans DURAND, Jeanne (I3404)
89 68 ans RATTÉ, Jacques (I3694)
90 68 ans LUCAS, Jacqueline (I4563)
91 6th child and 3rd son of David Atwater. [see Jost] One of the firstsettlers in Wallingford, Conn. according to Tag Duprey. (see note forhis father). Yet another note says he was called 'Weaver.' ATWATER, John (I1071)
92 7 bestiaux et 20 arpents en valeur PARÉ, Robert (I2279)
93 70 ans BUTEAU, Pierre (I2407)
94 70 ans DURAND, Françoise (I2435)
95 70 ans GUENEVILLE, Jeanne (I3763)
96 71 ans CARREAU, Louis d. Lafraicheur (I3549)
97 72 ans CARBONNEAU D. PROVENÇAL, Esprit (I2414)
98 72 ans FAURE, Louise d. Planchet (I3108)
99 72 arpents ( 1 arpent = 58,5 mètres) au prix de 40 livres. Sur la rivegauche du "premier détour" de la rivière Ouelle. Belle terre, riche etfertile, deux des cotés attenants a la rivière Ouelle. DE BAILLON, Catherine Marie (I3296)
100 72 arpents ( 1 arpent = 58,5 mètres) au prix de 40 livres. Sur la rivegauche du "premier détour" de la rivière Ouelle. Belle terre, riche etfertile, deux des cotés attenants a la rivière Ouelle. MIVILLE, Jacques d. Deschênes (I3297)
101 74 ans LANGLOIS, Anne (I3194)
102 74 ans BOUFFART, Jacques (I3510)
103 76 ans LORYOT, Pérette (I2410)
104 76 ans DUBÉ, Mathurin (I3876)
105 79 ans DECELLES, Marie (I3564)
106 79 years MACLEOD, Eunice (I3858)
107 80 ans LANGLOIS, Noël (I2722)
108 80 ans BLANCHON, Etienne (I3381)
109 80 ans POLIQUIN, Jean (I3665)
110 80 ans OLIVIER, Agnès (I3761)
111 84 ans GOSSELIN, Gabriel (I2354)
112 85 yrs MACDONALD, Donald (I3852)
113 85ans GODIN, Laurent d. Beauséjour et Châtillon (I3103)
114 86 ans MORIN, Pierre (I1161)
115 86 ans, 22 ans en 1667, 20 ans en 1666, 35 ans en 1681 LAVERDURE, Marguerite (I4201)
116 88 years MACDONALD, Angus (I1220)
117 89 ans BOURASSA, Jean (I4651)
118 978 duke, 987-991 westFrankish pretender to the throne. DE FRANCE, Charles (I5235)
119 a "Rich Blessing to this church scores of years" (Plymouth) CUSHMAN, Thomas (I965)
120 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I792)
121 a cause de sa petite taille GRAVEL, Joseph-Massé d. Brindelière (I3778)
122 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I791)
123 A cousin of his wife Mary Tuttle. He removed to N. S. with his father.According to 'Guysborough Sketches & Essays,' by A. C. Jost: 'He waskilled by a falling tree 26 Apr. 1790.' Another source says he waskilled by ROLLING of a log Aug. 2, 1787. ATWATER, Rufus (I1065)
124 A Danish Viking, about 960 he founded the Polish nation and, in 966,established the first recorded capital of the state at Gniezno, to thenorth-east of the present-day city of Poznan. By placing his kingdomunder the protection of the Holy Roman Empire, he secured it from Germanintrusions. He also accepted the Christian religion for himself and hispeople. OD POLAND, Grand Duke Mieszko I Prince of Poland (I40)
125 A fifth child (girl) died young. RANDALL, William John (I3887)
126 A legend states that a Gillis woman from Morar married one of the MacIanMacDonaldfs from Glencoe, and lived in Glencoe. She escaped the Massacreperpetrated by the Campbells under English orders in 1692. Her husbandwas killed, but she made her way home over the mountains to Morarcarrying their child. Living with her parents, she brought up the childas a Gillis, fearing Campbell vengeance on a survivor of the Massacre.When Angus "Pioneer" settled in America nearly a century later he tookback the proper name of MacDonald which his ancestor had abandoned. GILLIS MACDONALD, Angus (I3805)
127 A légué son nom aux Plaines d'Abraham. Un monument lui est érigé dans laBasse-Ville de Québec. MARTIN, Abraham (I2269)
128 A Magyar leader involved with the invasion of western and southernEurope, he was defeated by the Saxons near Merseburg in 933. OF HUNGARY, Prince Zoltan (I4822)
129 a particularly nasty form of arthritis CORBETT, Ann Alexis Marguerite (I778)
130 a Roman commander at the Battle of Chalons; at Rome in 469 and 475 Tonantius "vis clarisimus' (I5372)
131 a sa signature en dossier à l'Institut Drouin. BELANGER, François (I2210)
132 A.D. 688. This year Ceadwall went to Rome, and received baptism at thehands of Sergius the pope, who gave him the name of Peter; but in thecourse of seven nights afterwards, on the twelfth day before the calendsof May, he died in his crisom-cloths, and was buried in the church ofSt. Peter. (Saxon Chronicles) OF WESSEX, Ceolwald Prince of Wessex (I713)
133 Abbesse d'Amay en BELGIQUE à partir de 589. DE SAVOIE, Sainte Ode ou Chrodoare (I5616)
134 Abbesse d'Hamage (59) D'HAMAGE, Gertrude (I5624)
135 Abbesse d'Oeren de 698 à 706 Irmina (I5320)
136 Abbesse de Hervorden à son décès. DE MERSEBOURG, Mathilde (I5970)
137 Abbot of Ely. FITZRICHARD, Richard (I6553)
138 About 1018 the 'Manichaean' teachings appeared in Aquitaine; this sectnot only rejected both baptism and the Cross but apparently observedstrict asceticism. Ten years later, ten of the canons of the Church ofthe Holy Cross at Orléans were accused of being 'Manichaeans' and ofworshipping the devil. These canons, which included the confessor ofQueen Constance, rejected the sacraments of the Church and denied thehuman birth of Christ together with the reality of his Passion andResurrection. Brought to trial before the King, Robert 'the Pious', andan assemblage of bishops, these heretics were consigned to the flames,yet not before Queen Constance struck out the eye of her formerconfessor. CAPET, Robert II King of the Franks (I10319)
139 About 1081 he married Adela of Normandy, the formidable daughter ofWilliam The Conqueror, and by her fathered seven children. WhenStephen's father died in 1090 he became Count of Blois and Chartres.In1095 Adela became Regent when her husband took part in the firstcrusade. He had no enthusiasm for this duty but Adela considered that heought to go, so he went. There was never any nonsense in their householdabout who made the decisions---she did. Stephen de Blois went togetherwith Adela's brother, Robert, Duke of Normandy. Having marched souththrough Italy, Stephen and his brother-in-law decided to spend thewinter comfortably in southern Italy before continuing on their way.When at last these two leaders decided to embark their men at Brindisi,disaster struck them. It was a very mediaeval kind of disaster: thefirst ship to leave port capsized and sank with the loss of all handstogether with many pack-animals, stores, and chests of money. Most oftheir armies allowed themselves to be shipped and, after a rough andunpleasant crossing, they reached Constantinople in May 1096. Stephen deBlois was impressed by the city but reserved his greatest admiration forthe Emperor Alexius. "Your father, my beloved," he wrote to Adela, "mademany gifts, but he was almost nothing compared with this man". Onecannot help but wonder how the formidable Adela reacted to this remarkabout her father, William the Conqueror; however, since her husband wasthe better part of two thousand miles away, perhaps for once he himselfdid not much mind how she reacted. Godfrey of Bouillon had attacked thecity of Nicaea and was joined, in early June 1096, by Stephen de Blois,Robert of Normandy and Raymond of Toulouse. They celebrated theirassault by cutting off the heads of as many Turks as they could find andcatapulting them over the city walls into the streets. Others were setup on spikes in front of the gates in full view of the depresseddefenders. A Byzantine force took control of the city and deprived thecrusaders of another massacre by allowing the Turks to escape. Stephenwrote to his wife in high spirits: "In five weeks' time we shall be inJerusalem, unless we are held up at Antioch". After the jointcrusader-force defeated another Turkish army, the retreating Turks laidwaste to the country, burning the crops and destroying or befouling thewells. The weather was still painfully hot and it was not long beforehunger and thirst began to take their toll. Stephen wrote to Adela tosay that it was a great mistake to imagine that the sun always shone inSyria, for "throughout this winter we have endured intense cold andincessant rain". Later Stephen marched his men to Alexandretta as he sawno point in having them massacred by the Atabeg of Mosul. Afterwards hewas to be rebuked bitterly for this 'cowardice' by the formidable Adela.He returned to France in 1099 but was forced by the inexorable Adela toreturn to the East, there to redeem his tarnished reputation which hedid by being killed in the Battle of Ramleh. Etienne II Comte de Blois Chartres (I4359)
140 About l846 he moved to Auburn, New York, where he was a partner in abookstore, sponsored but not supported by the M. E. Church. He preachedalmost every Sunday and for a time served as Presiding Elder inneighboring towns. It is inteteresting to note that he preached a numberof times to a colored congregation, He writes to Prof. Merritt Caldwellthat the latter's book "would have its friends and foes, but wouldeventually be a standard book." BRAGDON, Charles Powers (I944)
141 Abraham DUGAST, gunsmith, 55, wife Marie Judith DOUCET; Children: Claude19, Martin 15, Abraham 10, and 5 daughters; cattle 19, sheep 3. Family F2805
142 ABT Fin Mariage: 1115 Family F3442
143 ABT Mariage : vers 1017 ou 1036 DE SUSA, Irmingard (I4403)
144 Accident de motocyclette. Il était passager. N'aimait pas les motos. PLANTE, Joseph Jean-Pierre Gustave-Stephane (I845)
145 Accompanied his father to Parliament in 1271. He succeeded hisuncle,Hugh de Mortimer of Chelmarsh as sheriff of Shropshire andStaffordshireon January 23, 1272/73. DE MORTIMER, Ralph (I6464)
146 accordé la Seigneurie de Mingan (entre l'Ile aux oeufs et la Grande-Anse,dont Sept-Iles), ou il établit des pecheries sédentaires BISSOT, François s. de LaRivière (I4256)
147 accordé une concession à Montmagny par Sieur Couillard de Lespinay ainsiqu'une autre concession avec Jacques et Jean-Francois à Mont-Louis enGaspésie MORIN, Pierre (I1161)
148 According to a note found in Ivan Randall's bible (apparently written byhim or someone of that or previous generation): Mr. Dunn drowned in theManchester River. 'Mrs.Dunn' [Sabina] had only one child, Tom Taylor'smother. DUNN, John (I1970)
149 according to some sources, he arrived aboard the Fortune NELSON, William (I1496)
150 According to the CD, Massachusetts Vital Records, 1600's - 1800's, andtheCD, Early Vital Records of Essex County, Massachusetts to about 1850,theWebb's had primarily lived in Salem, Essex County, Massachettssince1629. Most of the HOLLAND'S lived in Ipswich, Massachusetts, anearbytown in Essex County

Essex county, Mass. is the adjacent county to Rockingham County,NewHampshire. Portsmouth is in Rockingham County. Until 1741, NewHampshireand Massachuttes both had the same Governor.

Using the History of Salem, MA; Vol 3 (1671 - 1716) for EssexCountyBirths and Marriages - William Webb shows as being a private inthe NewHampshire Militia at Fort William and Mary at New Castle, NH, attheentrance to Portsmouth Harbour, from 1767 to 1768. He was also onthe1778 muster roll as having listed April 10, 1778. 
WEBB, William (I7053)
151 According to The History of Salem, MA : Vol 2 (1638 - 1670), he sailedtwice the ketch, Trial of Salem, from Kingsale, Ireland to Salem in 1678and 1679. He later became a tavern keeper. the earliest WEBB KelvinMacKavanagh found was Francis Webb. he ran a sawmill in Salem in 1629and was one of the first settlers. WEBB, Captain Daniel (I7048)
152 according to Timothy Crispo, enumerator, Edward Corbet(sic) owned 1 horseolder than 3 years; 4 milk cows; 14 sheep; 2 swine; 12 improved acresand a 1/4 acre garden. Their yearly produce was 2 beef; 6 sheep; 250lbs.of butter; 4lbs of wool; 63 yds of cloth; 20 cords of firewood; 30lbsof oats; 25 bushels of potatoes; 3 bushels of beets and 8 tons of hayfrom 7 acres. Family F713
153 achète 1/8 de Beaupré et de l'Ile d'Orléans de Charles de Lauzon FORTIN, Julien d. Bellefontaine (I3504)
154 actress. Casey studied for three years with Andrius Jilinski ine New YorkCity before seeing three years' Army service during World War II. Shehas acted with the Peninsula Players in Wisconsin and with the StateTheatre of North Carolina. In 1988 she received the Marian A. SmithDistinguished Career Award from the North Carolina Theatre Conference. BRAGDON, 'Casey' Helen Cushman (I840)
155 Adela of Normandy, daughter of William the Conqueror, was the mother ofStephen, King of England, whose right to the throne derived through her.She was married to Stephen, Count of Meaux en Brie. Upon the death ofhis father in 1090, her husband succeeded to the counties of Blois andChartres. She took an active interest in civil and ecclesiasticalaffairs and was instrumental in rebuilding the cathedral of Chartres instone. In 1095 Adela became Regent when her husband took part in thefirst crusade. He had no enthusiasm for this duty but Adela consideredthat he ought to go, so he went. There was never any nonsense in theirhousehold about who made the decisions---she did. Stephen de Blois wenttogether with Adela's brother, Robert, Duke of Normandy. In 1099,Stephen returned to France but was forced by Adela to return to the Eastto redeem his, according to Adela, 'tarnished' reputation, which he didby being killed in the battle of Ramleh, on 19 May 1102. Adela continuedas Regent during the minority of her sons and was increasingly active inpublic life. Anselm, her guest and teacher in 1097, was oftenentertained by her during 1103 and 1105. Consequently she affected atemporary reconciliation between him and her brother, King Henry I ofEngland. In 1107 Adela entertained Pope Pascal during Easter and thefollowing year was hostess to Boemund of Antiochia. She made her sonThibaud her successor in 1109 and entered a convent in the diocese ofAutun. Here she continued to wield an important influence in public andclerical affairs. She persuaded Thibaut to join her brother, Henri I,against France in 1117 and was a benevolent patroness of churches andmonasteries. She died in 1137 and was buried at Caen. DE NORMANDIE, Adèle (I4360)
156 Adeliz of Chester Type: AKA DE ADELIZA, Adeliz (I6691)
157 Adeliza de Grantesmesnil Type: AKA DE TOENI, Alice (I6682)
158 admis a l'hopital (9 Bn Gen), probablement pour cause d'accidentcerebro-asculaire, et mute au 23 Cdn Gen MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
159 admitted freeman ALLERTON, Isaac (I969)
160 admitted freeman PRIEST, Degory (I981)
161 admitted freeman of Plymouth NELSON, William (I1496)
162 ä l'age de 81 ans et 7 mois NADEAU, Joseph (I1363)
163 AFT Mariage : ou 601 Family F2762
164 After having lost his child-wife, Isabelle of Flanders, he went oncrusade, then hurried back to marry again for the sake of his dynasty ashis son, Louis, was a sickly child. What he needed was the daughter of aking and, on 14 August 1193, he married Ingeborg (Isambour), daughter ofKing Valdemar of Denmark. Arrangements had been made for her to becrowned queen the day after the nuptials but, during the wedding night,Philippe's feelings changed to repulsion. In Compiègne, before anassembly, fifteen duly sworn witnesses, twelve of them from the king'sfamily, solemnly calculated the degrees of consanguinity and showed thatPhilippe and Ingeborg were fourth cousins, a prohibiting degree formarriage. However, this solution was not accepted by Ingeborg's brother,the Danish king, who appealed to Pope Celestine III, claiming thegenealogies to be wrong, but the pope gave Philippe no more than awarning. In June 1196, Philippe III married the beautiful Agnès deMeran. With Ingeborg still alive, this was bigamy. The new pope,Innocent III, ordered Philippe to part from Agnès and, laying Franceunder an interdict, wanted to suspend all religious services.Negotiations were to last fifteen years and, because of the Catharupsurge, the interdict was not applied. In 1201 in Soissons, thechurch confronted Philippe but, after a fortnight's arguing, hedeparted, taking Ingeborg with him. On 29 July 1201 Agnès de Meran diedand Philippe could no longer be regarded as a bigamist; and so, inNovember of that year, the pope legitimised the two children of Philippeand Agnès. In 1205 a 'damsel from Arras' bore him a bastard son and, asPhilippe would have nothing to do with Ingeborg, she was spared theperils of childbearing. As it had not been consummated, the pope waswilling to declare the marriage with Ingeborg void. However, they hadnot counted on Ingeborg who maintained that she and Philippe had slepttogether. To satisfy pope, king and queen, the only solution seemed tobe that the queen should take the veil and enter a convent; but then, inApril 1213, Philippe announced he was taking back his wife. Philippe II 'Auguste' roi de France (I4281)
165 After her husband had established peace, he wanted to increase thetributes from the Slavic tribe of the Derevlyanins. In 945 he went and,after pillaging them, returned to Kiev. However, when he prepared toleave again, the Derevlyanins went to meet him and killed him. TheDerevlyanins then sent twenty of their best men to Olga and said: "Wehave killed your husband, for he was like a wolf, stealing andplundering, while our princes are good and have taken good care of theland of Dereva. Marry our prince Mal!" To this she replied that shecouldn't resurrect her husband and so asked them to come the next day tobe honoured before the people of Kiev. She told them that as a specialhonour they should not ride on horses nor go on foot, but would becarried in the boat they arrived in. During the night, a deep pit wasdug and the following day, as was announced, the twenty men were carriedin their boat, but which was then thrown into the pit where they wereburied alive. She then sent a message to the Derevlyanins in which sheclaimed that the people of Kiev would not release her unless she wascollected by their most distinguished men. On their arrival Olga ordereda bath to be prepared for them. The hut was heated up and theDerevlyanins went in. When they began to wash, Olga's men secured thehut and, on her orders, set it on fire, and all inside were burnedalive. With her son and their army, she then went to the city ofIskorosten where her husband had been killed. Although they encircledthe city, they were unable to take it. After the siege had lasted almostthe whole summer, she decided to take a different course. She sent amessage to the town that they would be starved as they could not worktheir fields, and that she only wanted them to pay tribute. For thistribute she requested three doves and three sparrows from each house.Gladly consenting, the Derevlyanins collected three doves and threesparrows from each house. Olga then announced that, as they hadsubmitted to her, she would return to Kiev the next day. However, Olgathen distributed the doves and sparrows with the order that lightedtinder, wrapped in little pieces of cloth, be tied to each dove andsparrow. At dusk the birds were released, the doves returning to theirdove-cotes and the sparrows to their nests under the eaves.Consequently, dove-cotes, outbuildings, towers and barns all caughtfire, and there was no household where there was no fire. The peoplefled the town, only to be caught by Olga's soldiers. She then burned thewhole city, killing some of it's people and selling others as slaves. In955 she went to Constantinople where the Emperor baptised herpersonally. At first the Emperor had wanted to marry her but then gaveher many gifts and allowed her to return. She tried to convert her sonto Christianity but he refused, yet would allow anyone in Kiev to bebaptised but with the proviso that they would be ridiculed. In 965 herson, as ruler of Kiev, defeated the Khazars, the Ossetians and theCircussians. While he was away in 968, the Pechenegs laid siege to Kievwhere Olga was with her grandsons. With Kiev hermetically sealed, no onecould send a message to her son until a young boy said he would go. Hewent with a bridle in his hands, calling out, "Has no one seen myhorse?" As he spoke the Pechenegs language, they thought him one oftheir own. At the river he took off his clothes and swam across. Here hefound a small band of soldiers who, next morning, approached the city insmall boats. On arrival they blew hard on their trumpets, creating theimpression of being a large force, at which the Pechenegs fled. OD PSKOV, Saint Olga Grand Duchess of Kiev (I278)
166 After the death of her husband, she made gifts of Courvert to Lyre.Sheand her lands were in the King's gift in 1218-1219, and on October16,1220 she made a grant of her dower lands for three years. Shebecame arecluse at Hackington, near Canterbury shortly beforeFebruary 1220/21. DE BRAIOSE, Laurette (I6623)
167 AG-FNF MALLET, Perrine (I3160)
168 AG-Or; MSGCF I(2):111-115 GAGNE, Louis (I3109)
169 AG-Or; NOR GODBOUT, Nicolas (I3149)
170 AGA BRASSARD, Antoine (I2378)
171 AGA BAILLARGEON, Jean (I3147)
172 AGA BOURGOUIN, Marie-Marthe (I3150)
173 AGA, MSGCF I(1):34-35 et IV(2):119 BOULAY, Robert (I3056)
174 AGA, MSGCF IV(4):220 BEAUDOIN, Jacques (I2434)
175 age 17 SURBER, Sarah Ellen (I7581)
176 age 41 at death Edward the Atheling prince of England (I5259)
177 age 50 ans GUÉRIN, Anne (I3104)
178 age 68 BREAU, Elizabeth (I1044)
179 age 76 ROSS, Colin (I5126)
180 age 77 ans, 40 arpents MIUS, Lieutenant-Major Philippe Sieur d'Entremont Baron de de Pob (I4490)
181 age 84 CRISPO, Michael (I1043)
182 age 85 CORBETT, James P (I1056)
183 age 93 MACDONALD, Roderick (I1215)
184 age 96 CORBETT, Alice (I1050)
185 agé de 62 ans et quelques mois. Mère: Marie Butot. CORRIVEAU, Joseph (I2308)
186 age de 84 ans et 9 mois MORIN, Joseph Alphonse (I1135)
187 age de 93 ans CORRIVEAU, Alexis (I1149)
188 agée de 18 ans CHIASSON, Françoise (I1162)
189 aime la peinture. A créé plusieurs oeuvres MORIN, Thérèse (I865)
190 Alexander (75) farmer married; Mary (63) married; John (35) married;Margret (26) married GILLIS, Alexander (I3868)
191 Alexander Angus MacDonald received a call from his son, Roderick, World War I, saying that he was coming to New Glasgow on the train in the afternoon. Roderick was already in New Glascow and decided to kill sometime before going to his home so that his parents could adjust to the fact that he was coming home. His father got so excited that he went to meet the train and as he walked across the railroad bridge he was hit by the train that Roderick was supposed to be on. MCDONALD, Alexander (I785)
192 Alfonso IX, King de Leon . Alias: Alfonso IX, King de Castile. Born:on 15Aug 1171 in Zamora, Leon, Spain, son of Fernando II, King deLeon andUrraca, Princess de Portugal. Alfonso IX reigned as King from 1188 to1230. Married on 15 Feb 1191 in Guimaraes, Portugal: Teresa, PrincessdePortugal , daughter of Sancho I, King de Portugal and DulciadeBarcelone ; Teresa was King Alfonso IX's first wife. Annulled heandTeresa, Princess de Portugal: in 1197. Married in Dec 1197 inVilladolid, Spain: Berengere de Castile,daughter of Alfonso VIII, Kingde Castile and Eleanor, Princess ofEngland . Annulled he and Berengerede Castile: in 1204 in Spain.Died: on 24 Dec 1230 in Vallanueva deSarria, Spain, at age 59. FERNANDEZ, King Alfonso IX of Castille (I6453)
193 alias de MORVOIS. Profession : Comte de Roussillon. DE PARIS, Girard II ou Guerry (I5936)
194 alias DE REGENSBOURG. DE RATISBONNE, Burkhard (I6007)
195 Alice la Brun Type: AKA LUSIGNAN, Alice (I6656)
196 Alice survived her husband by 22 years. She became a nun at St.Osyth'sPriory after his death. DE CLARE, Alice (I6233)
197 alive in 1324, 17yr of the reign of Edward II. COBB, John Esq. (I1960)
198 Alive in 1387, 10th yr.of the reign of Richard II. COBB, Edward Esq. (I1958)
199 Alive in 1417, in living 5th year of the reign of Henry V. COBB, Edmund Esq. (I1957)
200 Alonzo was murdered on a cold February 11, 1946. He was shot and killedby a robber who entered his store. KEAY, Alonzo (I1217)

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