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1 !MARRIAGE:HRH Prince Michael of Albany's 'The Forgotten Monarchy ofScotland; ; ; Tree #0167; ; Date of Import: 18 Sep 1998 FITZ GEOFFREY, Hawise (I7467)
 
2 "Betsy (1823-Mar. 12, 1874,) md. Angus MacDonald, (1814- June 22, 1884,) son of Dougald 'Mohr' MacDonald) on Feb. 22, 1847. They lived at Malignant Cove. He was appt'd a Justice of the Peace in 1864. They had a family of at least eight. One son, Willie, married a niece of Father Ronald MacGillivray. Father Anthony MacDonald of Antigonish Diocease, along with his brother Rickie and sister Margie, are great-grandchildren of Angus and Betsy (Ross) MacDonald, being the children of Dougald, (who md. Jean MacDonald) son of Willie, son of Angus." ROSS, Elizabeth (I6225)
 
3 "Ce 13me décembre 1632 en l'eglise Nostre dame de Brouage a este baptizee Marie fille de pierre Miville Souice & Charlotte Maugin sa femme a este parrain pierre Riche et marine Corset. Bessoneau Vicaire" MIVILLE, Marie (I3822)
 
4 "feu" when E.A. was married LEFEBVRE, Guillaume (I2272)
 
5 "In memory of Angus McDonald of French River. Died August 9, 1835, aged 80. Cairid na chiad Gaeil a thainigin duthch" (friend of the first Highlanders who came to the country) (GILLIS) MACDONALD, Angus (I4025)
 
6 "JOHN JAMES ROSS The Gulf Shore lost a staunch citizen in the death at his Arisaig home June 13th of John James Ross, aged 86, following three weeks illness. Son of the late Donald and Margaret (Gillis) Ross, he was born at Pleasant Valley, and moved with his parents to Arisaig when an infant. Mr. Ross became a key-man in the community life of Arisaig parish. Neighbors and others sought his wise counsel and ready assistance in times of perplexity and trouble. He was a kindly man who enjoyed helping others and seeing people prospering and happy. Good fortune to neighbors brought gladness to his great heart. As a successful farmer and fisherman he understood freely the successes and disappointments of the North Shore people. St. Margaret's church, in particular, will miss his sincere and loyal support, for Mr. Ross was its warden for nearly forty years. He was married twice, the first wife, Margaret MacDougall, Arisaig, predeasing him by 47 years. Surviving children are a son Dan, and a daughter, Christy, Mrs. Herman Paterson, Roxbury, Mass. The second Mrs. Ross, his widow, was the former Sarah MacDonald, daughter of Alexander MacDonald, McArra's Brook, and Mary (Grant) MacDonald, Knoydart. There are four children surviving from this union: Andrew, California; Alexander, Arisaig; John, R.C.A.F.; Margaret, Mrs. Charles Oliver, Brighton, Mass. A brother, W. J. Ross, Antigonish: a sister Mrs. Alexander MacDonald, Brighton, Mass, and 13 grandchildren also survive. The funeral was largely attended. Solemn requiem Mass in St. Margaret's Church was celebrated by Rev. D.C. MacEachern.P.P., assisted by Rev. C.F. Ross as deacon, and Rev. A. Ross, sub-deacon, cousins of the deceased, and Rev. Neil MacKenzie, master of ceremonies. Pall bearers were Allan R. MacDonald, Donald MacDonald, Andrew MacDonald, C. D. Gillis, Archibald MacInnis, Hugh D. MacDonald and Dan J. MacDonald. R.I.P.
CARD OF THANKS Mrs. J.J.Ross and family wish to convey their grateful thanks to all who sent Mass Cards and flowers and who in any other way expressed sympathy and tendered assistance during thier recent bereavement; they are particularly grateful to their pastor, Rev. D. MacEachern, Rev. A. Ross, Boisdale, Rev. F. Ross, Maryvale and Rev. Neil A. MacKenzie,." 
ROSS, John James (I4086)
 
7 "mentionned circa 813" Tzautzes Strategos of Macedonia (I6435)
 
8 "Morte en sa cabane au Cap Diamant" PETITPAS, Marguerite (I2984)
 
9 "Pierre Martin laboureur avec sa femme et un enfant demeurant a Bourguel " etait au nombre des passagers VIGNEAU, Catherine (I1357)
 
10 "Pierre Martin laboureur avec sa femme et un enfant demeurant a Bourguel " etait au nombre des passagers MARTIN, Pierre (I1356)
 
11 "Ross at Arisaig on Monday 15th inst., in the 29th year of age, Margaret McDougall, beloved wife of John J. Ross leaving a sorrowing husband to mourn the loss of an affectionate partner and 2 young children to face this cold and bitter world without the guiding hand and tender care of a loving mother. Strenghtened by all the consolations of holy religion under the eyes and prayers of her spititual father, she calmly breathed her life away with the light of hope into life eternal illuminating her countenance. Hers were the mildness of disposition and kindliness of manner." MACDOUGAL, Margaret (I5577)
 
12 "Thirty acres of land is granted unto William Nelson lying on the North side of Jones River Meddow on both sides of the brooke that goes from Mr. Joseph Bradford's; so that it not be prejudicial to the neighbours" NELSON, William (I1690)
 
13 "was the first known Cobb to emigrate from England to the Plymouth Colony, Cape Cod, MA. Many distinguished descendants have long searched for his English origin and background. In developing this vignette of the immigrant I have drawn liberally from the scholarly works of Philip L. Cobb, author of The Cobb Family (1907), Richard Cobb, Harvard professor and Richard Cobb a retired Navy Supply Corps Captain. However, the hypotheses and conclusions contained herein are my own. (Tracy Ashley Crocker Sr.)

Much is known on the activities of Henry Cobb, the Puritan, in the Bay Colony but little has been done to unravel the specifics of his origin. There is general agreement that "The Elder Henry or the Deacon Henry Cobb" came from an area in County Kent east of the Medway River which flows out of the hills of southern Kent through Maidstone and Chatham and into the Thames Estuary. It is within this area that inhabitants are called "Men of Kent" (Jutish origin); those to the west of the Medway are known as "Kentish Men" (Saxon origin). Professor Richard Cobb, through study and acquaintance with the Cape Cod descendants of Henry Cobb, suggests that as a young man Henry Cobb was "rather short, with blue eyes and reddish sandy hair." Interesting, as this description agrees with the perceived appearance of the Germanic Jutes who invaded and settled in Great Britain in the 5th century.
The most visible trail of "Henry the Elder" in England is found in his relationship with his church leader, the Reverend John Lothrop. Lothrop, "a man of good family and education" was baptized at Eton on 20 December 1584. He received BA and MA degrees at Queens College, Cambridge. In 1611 we find him with the established Church of England at Egerton, Kent, a distance of about 15 miles from the probable home of Henry Cobb in Reculver, Kent. Obviously disenchanted with the autocratic dogma of the King's Church, the Reverend Lothrop is found as minister of an independent church in London in 1623; and then on 29 April 1632, we find him imprisoned in London with 40 members of his flock for violating the laws relating to religious gatherings. Following two years imprisonment, Lothrop left England in the ship "Griffin" with his family and some members of his church for the Plymouth colony, arriving there 18 September 1634. Here Henry Cobb, the Lothrop protege who had been in the Colony for about five years, responded to the call of his old friend and esteemed pastor. He aided the Reverend in getting his family and church established in the newly formed town of Scituate. Lothrop's records published in the New England Register, Volumes IX and X, leaves little doubt of Henry Cobb's membership in Lothrop's London church:
"Uppon January 8, 1634, Wee had a day of humiliation and then at night joyned in covenaunt together, so many of us had beene in covenaunt before. To Witt.
Mr. Gilsonn and his wife
Goodman Anniball and his wife
Goodman Rowly and his wife
Goodman Cobb and his wife
Goodman Turner
Edward Foster
Myselfe
Goodman Foxwell
Samuel House."

It is very probable that immigrant Henry Cobb of Plymouth and Ambrose Cobb of the Virgina Colony were of the same Kent Family, they shared a common progenitor in John Cobb, Esquire (b. ca 1300) of Cobb's Court, Romney, Kent. The suggested (but undocumented) relationships shown are based primarily on the association of the family names, locations, and dates. That is, Henry Cobb of Plymouth Colony would appear to be a second son of Henry Cobb (1561-1617) of Reculver, Kent. The son Henry was born about 1605. (He married Patience Hurst in Plymouth in 1631; English Yeoman of his time, married at age 26, thus the basis for his date of birth). Most men of Kent were farmers in an area famous for hops, fruit, and grain. Even in this age, importance was attached to the idea of status. The term "Yeoman" was commonly used in legal and other documents to denote status above "Husbandman" (smaller, less prosperous farmer) and below that of "Gentleman" (upper middle class). Yeomen, from whom Henry Cobb was descended, were reasonably well educated. Some Yeomen sons attended the universities; some became clergymen. A review of the Cobbs of Kent and a person inspection of the Manor houses at Reculver and Eastleigh Court suggest 16th century gentry but 17th century Yeomen. Suffice it to say that the emigrant Henry Cobb did not inherit his father's estate. The major inheritance, by custom, probably went to Benjamin Cobb, the first-born son. This situation, as well as the significant influence of Reverend Lothrop, could have given the impressionable 18 year old Henry Cobb ample justification to seek an apprenticeship in the shops or pubs of London in 1623, the year that Lothrop formed his church there. The influence of the charismatic Lotrop on the Cobbs of Reculver must have been substantial. The Cobb home at Reculver was about 15 miles from Egerton, Kent where Lothrop was in residence from 1611 to 1623. Henry Cobb, the assumed father of the emigrant Henry, was himself censured by the establishment. He had become Lord of the Manor of Bishopstone, Reculver Kent, when his father Richard died in 1582. In the record of the Visitations of Archdeacon of Canterbury in 1599 is found the following "We present these persons whose names are hereunder written for they refuse to pay unto a cess made by divers of our parish for the reparation of our said church: .....Henry Cobb 3 shillings, 10 pence (owed)."
The nature of Henry Cobb's apprenticeship or trade in London is open to conjecture. The fact that he came from an area rich in hops and grain and later in the Colony he was authorized to dispense wine suggests the production and/or sale of ale, the national beverage of the era. From the Plymouth Colony Record 1173; "5 June 1644, Henry Cobb is lycensed to draw wine at Barnstable."
What better place than an English pub in the 17th century to keep abreast of politics, religion and emigration. Henry Cobb of London must certainly have been aware of a number of significant events, viz: That in 1604, in a declaration at Hampton Court, James I said of the Puritans, "I shall make them conform themselves or I will harry them out of the Land or else do worst." Henry must have known the story of an undereducated group of separatists called "Pilgrims" who sough refuge first in Amsterdam and subsequently in Leyden, Holland; and the unwilling to be assimilated into the Dutch culture, made their way to Plymouth in 1620 aboard the "Mayflower". (of the 101 passengers on the first voyage of the Mayflower, 35 were Leyden adventurers.) In 1628 the Puritans of Henry Cobb's sect began their mass exodus. In 1630 John Winthrop, a strong and able leader, led nearly 1000 Puritans with their cattle and horses to settlements in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In general the Puritans were a wealthier and better educated class than the Pilgrims but they shared their deeply religious convictions. It was shortly after the Winthrop departure that Henry Cobb made his move, probably in the ship "The Anne" in 1629. Other possible ships include " Mayflower II' and the "Little James", which also arrived at Cape Cod in 1629. Professor Cobb said in his character analysis of Henry, the emigrant, that he was "sensible, shrewd, adverse to making trouble or being a part of it." Cobb didn't linger in London long enough to be jailed in the famous "clink" with the zealous Lothrop and his followers in 1632. When the great Civil War of 1642 came about to settle the question of supremacy between King and Parliament, High Church and Puritans, Henry Cobb is found saving souls and selling wine in Massachusetts."
(John E. Cobb, Col., US Army) 
COBB, Elder Henry (I1666)
 
14 '..was one of the first settlers in New Haven, Conn. and was born in Royton in Lenham, Kent. His descent can be traced to Thomas Atwater of Royton, who died in 1484.' [p.396 of Jost] Lived and died in district now called Cedar Hill. 'David was one of the original planters of New Haven. He bought land in Wallingford for his oldest son Joshua, who died before he could take possession of it, so the next son, John, became one of the first settlers in Wallingford.' [correspondence of Clare('Tag') Duprey, 1981] ATWATER, David (I1263)
 
15 '2nd earl, who, in the 1st year of Richard I., had a charter dated atWestminster, 27 November, constituting him Earl of Norfolk, andsteward of the household, his lordship obtaining at the same timerestitution of some manors, with grants of others, and confirmatkionof all his wide spreading demesnes. Upon the return of King Richard from his captivity, the Earl ofNorfolk assisted at the great council held by the king at Nottingham;and at his second cornonation, his lordship was one of the four earlsthat carried the silken canopy over the monarch's head. In the reignof King John he was one of the barons that extorted the great Chartersof Freedom from that prince,and was amongst the twenty-five lordsappointed to enforce their fulfilment.' (BurkeG-53) Magna Carta Surety 1215 He was the Earl of Norfolk & Suffolk. BIGOD, Roger Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk (I7860)
 
16 'became Sister Avelina of the Sisters of Mercy.' CONNORS, Margaret (I4242)
 
17 'Before 1218, Margaret founded an Augustinian convent in memory of herparents and brother on land donated by King John at Aconbury inHerefordshire, near the village of Holme Lacy. She was buried therein the Priory Church, which is now disused and locked.' DE BRAOSE, Margaret (I7602)
 
18 'Captain.' RANDALL, Elisha Atkins (I4124)
 
19 'died at age 7.' CONNORS, Austin (I4243)
 
20 'died at age 8' CONNORS, Mary Ellen (I4250)
 
21 'Died unmarried at age 30,' according to one source. CONNORS, William Edward (I4239)
 
22 'Died unmarried at age 30.' CONNORS, John (I4245)
 
23 'died unmarried' CONNORS, Eleanor (I4238)
 
24 'died unmarried' TUTTLE, David (I4171)
 
25 'died' [as an infant I presume] CONNORS, Joseph A. (I4257)
 
26 'died' [as an infant I presume] CONNORS, William Everett (I4256)
 
27 'disappeared' CONNORS, Luke Morgan (I4280)
 
28 'drowned' CONNORS, Thomas (I4281)
 
29 'French Canadian and Acadian Genealogical Review', Spring 1968. Page 16-26. He signed his name as 'Guion', and it is from him that Guyon, and many Dion and Dionnes descend. His godfathers are Jean Collin and Pierre Dolivet, and godmother Catherine Goddin. He grew up in Tourouvre, on May 18, 1614, he signed at loan to Pantaleon Bigot, a farmer from Autheuil, a sum consisting of: 'a small gold pistol, pieces of fifty-two sons, quarters of crowns and other silver pieces'. For a value of about 84 pounds. He was already a mason although only 24 years of age, was very successful. Jean built the old stairs of the steeple tower of the church at Tourouvre in 1615. He was then living in the parish of St-Jean de Mortagne, province of Perche, France. GUYON, Jean (I2412)
 
30 'Had a family of four. His widow resides there still. [Rankin's History of Antigonish, 1929]' LEYDON, William (I4331)
 
31 'Harry' worked for West End St. R. R. as paymaster. He became a U.S. citezin October 24, 1884 at Cambridge, Mass. They lost two sets of twins in infancy. SYMONDS, Thomas White (I4142)
 
32 'Hugh Bigod, 3rd earl, who m. Maud, eldest dau. of William Mareschal,Earl of Pembroke, and by her (who m. 2ndly, William Earl of Warrenneand Surrey,) had issue, I. Roger, his successor. II. Hugh, an eminentlawyer. III.Ralph, m. Berta, dau. of the Baron Furnival . . . Hislordship, who was also one of the twenty-five barons appointed toenforce the observance of Magna Charta, d. in 1225 . . . ' (BurkeG-53) Surety of the Magna Carta. He was third Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk.He was born before 1195, and took part from the beginning in theBarons' Magna Charta proceedings. Not many particulars of this Baron'slife have been preserved, as he enjoyed for only a few years the titleof Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk, and his father's estates and honors,to which he had succeeded in the 5th of King Henry III. He died fouryears later, in February 1224/5, having married about 1212 Maud, asister of the Surety William Marshall. In her right, Hugh acquired theEarldom of Pembroke, and in this rank bore the royal sceptre at thecoronation of King Richard BIGOD, Hugh (I7612)
 
33 'If he accompanied his father to Nova Scotia, he at least remained here but a short time.' [Jost, page 397] ATWATER, Abel Ward (I4179)
 
34 'Lived at North Haven.' TUTTLE, Jonathan (I4170)
 
35 'm. Richard Edwards of New Haven. (Timothy Edwards of Windsor?)' Evidently, there is some question about Elizabeth's husband. TUTTLE, Elizabeth (I4173)
 
36 'no family' CONNORS, James Ambrose (I4254)
 
37 'of Merland' CARROLL, Matthew (I4247)
 
38 'Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth Century Colonists', David Faris,1996 Source (S203)
 
39 'Richard I, the Lion-hearted, spent much of his youth in his mother'scourt at Poitiers. Richard cared much more for the continentalpossessions of his mother than for England - he also cared much morefor his mother than for his father. Family considerations influencedmuch of his life: he fought along side of his brothers Prince Henryand Geoffrey in their rebellion of 1173-4; he fought for his fatheragainst his brothers when they supported an 1183 revolt in Aquitane;and he joined Philip II of France against his father in 1188,defeating Henry in 1189. 'Richard spent but six months of his ten-year reign in England. Heacted upon a promise to his father to join the Third Crusade anddeparted for the Holy Land in 1190 (accompanied by his partner-rivalPhilip II of France). In 1191, he conquered Cyprus en route toJerusalem and performed admirably against Saladin, nearly taking theholy city twice. Philip II, in the meantime, returned to France andschemed with Richard's brother John. The Crusade failed in itsprimary objective of liberating the Holy Land from Moslem Turks, butdid have a positive result - easier access to the region for Christianpilgrims through a truce with Saladin. Richard received word of John'streachery and decided to return home; he was captured by Leopold V ofAustria and imprisoned by Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI. Theadministrative machinery of Henry II insured the continuance of royalauthority, as Richard was unable to return to his realm until 1194.Upon his return, he crushed a coup attempt by John and regained landslost to Philip II during the German captivity. Richard's war withPhilip continued sporadically until the French were finally defeatednear Gisors in 1198. 'Richard died April 6, 1199, from a wound received in a skirmish atthe castle of Chalus in the Limousin. Near his death, Richard finallyreconciled his position with his late father, as evidenced by SirRichard Baker in A Chronicle of the Kings of England: 'The remorse forhis undutifulness towards his father, was living in him till he died;for at his death he remembered it with bewailing, and desired to beburied as near him as might be, perhaps as thinking they should meetthe sooner, that he might ask him forgiveness in another world.'Richard's prowess and courage in battle earned him the nickname CoeurDe Lion ('heart of the lion'), but the training of his mother's courtis revealed in a verse Richard composed during his german captivity: 'No one will tell me the cause of my sorrow Whythey have made me a prisoner here. Wherefore with dolour I now makemy moan; Friends had I many but help have I none. Shameful it is thatthey leave me to ransom, To languish here two winters long.' Reigned 1189-1199. Prisoner in Germany 1192-1194. A hero of Medievallegends spent all but 6 months of his reign abroad. He became Duke ofAquitaine in 1168 and of Poitiers in 1172. He joined the 3rd crusadein 1189 and conquered Messina and Cyprus before arriving in the HolyLand. His victory at Arsuf gained Joppa (1191). On his way home he wasaptured in Austria and was only released by Emporer Henry VI afterpayment of an enourmous ransom (1194). He returned briefly to Englandbut died in France. Most sources agree that he died without issue, but there are some thatclaim he had this one child. I have no proof of either. It is alwaysa possiblity that he left descendants, but in this case as he wasroyalty and well documented it is doubtful. However I added it to myancestry because it is a possibility. Please use with caution. PLANTAGENET, Richard 'The Lionheart' (I7571)
 
40 'Settled in Wallingford in 1670.' TUTTLE, Simon (I4163)
 
41 'single' CONNORS, Willard Thomas (I4288)
 
42 'was killed in a car accident' CONNORS, William (I4260)
 
43 (80 ans env.) BRUN, Andrée (I4733)
 
44 (85 ans) PELLERIN, Catherine dit Colbec (I2639)
 
45 (90 ans env.) GAUTROT, Marie (I6110)
 
46 (Gravel 4-5) Family F1456
 
47 (inventaire Genaple 1688/08/07) DU MONTIER DE LEURE, Marie Madeleine (I2692)
 
48 (Member of the Legislative Council) CORBETT, Honorable John Edward MLC (I971)
 
49 * BIOGRAPHY
Henry was born in 1068 in Selby, Yorkshire, the only child of William the Conqueror to be born in England. He was also the only son to be born in 'purple' as only two years previously William had become king of England. As the youngest child he was his mother's favourite and when she died she left him her English estates.

He had a good education, learning to read and write Latin as well as English and Law. In 1086 he was knighted by his father. When his father died in 1087 his brother Robert received the duchy of Normandy while William II Rufus became king of England. Henry, having estates in both territories like so many other Norman barons, had to maintain his relations with two overlords.

When in 1100 William Rufus mysteriously died, Henry was elected to succeed as king of England and on 6 August he was crowned in Westminster Abbey. His first act as king was to restore Anselm as archbishop of Canterbury, then he started to look for a bride. For his queen he selected Edith of Scotland, daughter of King Malcolm Canmore and, more importantly, of St. Margaret of Wessex who was a descendant of the kings of England prior to the Conquest. In honour of the king's mother, Matilda of Flanders, Edith changed her name to Matilda. Restoring Anselm did not ensure peace in the kingdom as he refused to do homage to the king, claiming to hold the church estates in the name of the pope. Anselm was then forced into exile, and peace was restored only in 1107 when the king's sister Adela, countess of Blois, found a solution acceptable to both: bishops would pay homage to the king and the king would allow clerical investiture.

When Henry's brother Robert Curthose, duke of Normandy returned from Crusade he proved such a bad ruler that the barons in Normandy revolted and asked for Henry's support. Henry was also motivated by a wish to eliminate the continuing threat from Robert and the drain on his fiscal resources from the annual payment to him, so in 1105 he led an expeditionary force across the English Channel. On the morning of 28 September 1106, exactly 40 years after their father had landed in England, the decisive battle between his two sons took place in the small village of Tinchebray. Robert's army was defeated and he was captured. Robert was imprisoned and Henry became duke of Normandy.

Henry was a good diplomat; even though troubles within Normandy and with France continued, he made a successful alliance when his only daughter Matilda married the Emperor Heinrich V in 1114. In 1119 his only son William went to the continent and married a daughter of the count of Anjou. On the journey home the 'White Ship' was wrecked and William with his entourage drowned. Henry's wife had died in 1118, but he waited until 1122 before taking a second wife, Adeliza of Louvain. He had fathered two legitimate and probably nineteen illegitimate children, but his second marriage remained childless.

In 1126 Henry designated his daughter, the widowed Empress Matilda, as his successor; and in 1127 he selected Geoffrey, count of Anjou, as her second husband even though he was ten years younger than Matilda. Henry travelled a great deal between England and Normandy, and on 1 August 1135 he left England for the last time. He died 1 December 1135 at St. Denis-le-Fermont near Gisors. His body was taken back to England and buried at Reading Abbey. 
King Henry I of England (I9185)
 
50 * BIOGRAPHY
Wratislaw was born about 888, the son of Borziwoy I, duke of Bohemia, and Ludmilla, heiress of Psov (later canonised, who is venerated as a patroness of Bohemia). He was the younger brother of Spitignew I, who succeeded their father as duke of Bohemia. Spitignew is remembered solely for his 895 alliance with Arnulf, duke of Bavaria (the Diet of Augsburg). which separated Bohemia from Great Moravia. Designed to protect Bohemia against the ravages of Magyar raiders, this pact also opened Bohemia to East Frankish Carolingian culture and paved the way for the eventual triumph of Roman Catholicism in Czech spiritual affairs. Spitignew died in 915 and was succeeded by Wratislaw.

About 906 Wratislaw married Drahomira von Stodar. They had three sons and three daughters, of whom their son Boleslaw would have progeny. Wratislaw died in battle against the Magyars. His date of death is generally given as 13 February 921. He was succeeded by his 13-year-old son Wenceslas, who ruled Bohemia from the age of 18 but was murdered in 935 by a group of nobles allied with his younger brother Boleslaw. Wenceslas was canonised, and remains the patron saint of the Czech people. 
AV OD BOHEMIA, Vratisl I, Duke of Bohemia (I66)
 
51 * REMARKS:
1st King of Scots (or King of Alba)

* BIOGRAPHY
Kenneth was born about 800, the son of Alpin, king of Kintyre. Kenneth was king of the Picts and, according to national myth, first king of Scots, earning him the posthumous epithet 'An Ferbasach' ('The Conqueror'). His undisputed legacy was to produce a dynasty of rulers who claimed descent from him. Even though he cannot be regarded as the father of Scotland, he was the founder of the dynasty which ruled that country for much of the medieval period.

Kenneth's origins are uncertain, as are his ties, if any, to previous kings of the Picts of Dál Riata (the Gaelic over-kingdom on the western seaboard of Scotland with some territory on the northern coasts of Ireland). Medieval genealogies are unreliable sources, but some historians accept Kenneth's descent from the Cenél nGabrain of Dál Riata.

Although later traditions provided details of his reign and death, Kenneth's father Alpin is not listed as among the kings in the _Duan Albanach_ (Song of the Scots), the Middle Gaelic poem found with the _Lebor Bretnach,_ a Gaelic version of the _Historia Brittonum_ attributed to Nennius. The idea that Kenneth was a Gael is not entirely rejected, but modern historiography distinguishes between Kenneth as a Gael by culture, and perhaps in ancestry, and Kenneth as a king of Gaelic Dál Riata. Kenneth could well have been the first sort of Gael. Kings of the Picts before him, from Bridei, son of Der-Ilei, his brother Nechtan as well as Oengus I (Angus I), son of Fergus and his presumed descendants, were all at least partly Gallicised. The idea that the Gaelic names of Pictish kings in Irish annals represented translations of Pictish ones was challenged by the discovery of the inscription _Custantin filius Fircus(sa),_ the latinised name of the Pictish king Caustantin, son of Fergus, on the Dupplin Cross.

Kenneth's rise to power can be placed in the context of the recent end of the previous dynasty, which had dominated Fortriu (an ancient Pictish kingdom, often used synonymously with Pictland in general) for two or four generations. This followed the death of King Uen, son of Oengus of Fortriu, his brother Bran, Aed mac Boanta and many others in battle against the Vikings in 839. The resulting succession crisis seems, if the Pictish Chronicle's king-lists have any validity, to have resulted in at least four would-be kings warring for supreme power.

Kenneth's reign is dated from 843, but it was probably not until 848 that he defeated the last of his rivals for power. The _Pictish Chronicle_ claims that he was king in Dál Riata for two years before becoming Pictish king in 843, but this is not generally accepted. In 849, Kenneth had relics of St. Columba, which may have included the Monymusk Reliquary, transferred from Iona to Dunkeld. Other than these are bare facts, the _Chronicle of the Kings of Alba_ reports that he invaded Saxonia six times, captured Melrose and burnt Dunbar, and also that Vikings laid waste to Pictland, reaching far into the interior.

The reign of Kenneth also saw an increased degree of Norse settlement in the outlying areas of modern Scotland. The Shetlands, the Orkneys, Caithness, Sutherland, the Western Isles and the Isle of Man, and part of Ross were settled; the links between Kenneth's kingdom and Ireland were weakened, those with southern England and the continent almost broken. In the face of this, Kenneth and his successors were forced to consolidate their position in their kingdom, and the union between the Picts and the Gaels, already progressing for several centuries, began to strengthen. By the time of Donald II, the kings would be called neither of the Gaels nor of the Scots, but of Alba.

Kenneth died from a tumour on 13 February 858 at the palace of Cinnbelachoir, perhaps near Scone. The annals report the death as that of the 'king of the Picts', not the 'king of Alba'. The title 'king of Alba' is not used until the time of Kenneth's grandsons Donald II (Domnall mac Causatin) and Constantine II (Constantin mac Aeda). The Fragmentary Annals of Ireland quote a verse lamenting Kenneth's death: Because Cináerd with many troops lives no longer there is weeping in every house; there is no king of his worth under heaven as far as the borders of Rome.

Kenneth left at least two sons, Constantine and Aed, who were later kings, and at least two daughters. One daughter married Run, king of Strathclyde, and Eochaid mac Run, king of the Picts, resulted from this marriage. Kenneth's daughter Máerl Muire married two important Irish kings. Her first husband was Aed Finliath of the Cenél nEógain. Niall Glúndub, ancestor of the O'Neill, was the son of this marriage. Her second husband was Flann Sinna of Clann Cholmáin. 
MAC ALPIN, Kenneth I King of Scots and Picts (I6403)
 
52 * REMARKS:
Crusader 1099

* BIOGRAPHY
Hugues was born in 1057, the son of Henri I, king of France, and Anna of Kiev. He was the younger brother of King Philippe I. After 1067 he married Adelaide, comtesse de Vermandois et de Valois, only child of Heribert IV, comte de Vermandois et de Valois and Adèle, comtesse de Valois. Hugues and Adelaide had five children of whom four would have progeny.

In early 1096 Hugues and Philippe began discussing the First Crusade after news of the Council of Clermont reached them in Paris. Although Philippe could not participate, as he had been excommunicated, Hugues was said to have been influenced to join the Crusade after an eclipse of the moon on 11 February 1096.

That summer Hugues' army left France for Italy, where they would cross the Adriatic Sea into territory of the Byzantine empire, unlike the other Crusader armies which were travelling by land. On the way, many of the soldiers led by fellow Crusader Emicho von Leiningen joined Hugues' army after Emicho was defeated by the Hungarians, whose land he had been pillaging. Hugues crossed the Adriatic from Bari in Southern Italy, but many of his ships were destroyed in a storm off the Byzantine port of Dyrrhachium.

Hugues and most of his army were rescued and escorted to Constantinople, where they arrived in November 1096. Prior to his arrival, Hugues sent an arrogant, insulting letter to the Eastern Roman Emperor Alexius I Comnenos, according to the emperor's biography by his daughter (the _Alexiad_), demanding that Alexius meet with him.

'Know, O King, that I am King of Kings, and superior to all who are under the sky. You are now permitted to greet me, on my arrival, and to receive me with magnificence, as befits my nobility.'

Alexius was already weary of the armies about to arrive, after the unruly mob led by Peter the Hermit had passed through earlier in the year. Alexius kept Hugues in custody in a monastery until Hugues swore an oath of vassalage to him.

After the Crusaders had successfully made their way across Seljuk territory and, in 1098, captured Antioch, Hugues was sent back to Constantinople to appeal for reinforcements from Alexius. Alexius was uninterested, however, and Hugues, instead of returning to Antioch to help plan the siege of Jerusalem, went back to France. There he was scorned for not having fulfilled his vow as a crusader to complete a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and Pope Paschal II threatened to excommunicate him. He joined the minor Crusade of 1101, but was wounded in battle with the Turks in Asia Minor about 5 September, and died of his wounds on 18 October in Tarsus.

In 1103 his widow Adelaide married Renaud, comte de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, and they had two children. Adelaide died on 28 September 1120 or 1124. 
DE FRANCE, Hugues Count of Vermandois (I7)
 
53 , province de Namur GODIN, Maurice cavalier de Givet (I6128)
 
54 . She was killed by a drunk boater as she was taking a swim after the day's filming of the movie 'The Boy in Blue' - which is dedicated to her. HUGHES, Sara Helen Parry (I957)
 
55 1 man >50, 1 man 16-50, 1 woman. 1 Scotch, 1 Irish, 1 acadian O'BRIEN, Michael (I5584)
 
56 1 man >50, 1 woman , 4 boys, 3 girls = 9 total [1 Irish, 1 American, 7 Acadians] 1838 2 men >14, 1 girl over 14; 50 acres clear, 50 acres wilderness (family #126) Notes in Ivan Randall's bible about Morgan's children (compare 1817 above): Mrs.Chisholm at Pond, Mrs.Leydon, Mrs.O'Brien, Richard, Donald, William, Thomas (Thomas identifed as father of Mat and John) 1818 surveyor's map (see Paul Randall): Morgan Connors has a plot granted between Afton & Tracadie--other maps show this land granted to John Turpey. CONNORS, Morgan (I1253)
 
57 10 ans JEANNE, Andrée Angélique (I6063)
 
58 10 ans au rec. de 1681; 46 ans en 1716 CASSé, M-Françoise (I3602)
 
59 100 ans CADIEUX, Charles Sieur de Courville (I2329)
 
60 100 arpents achetées au prix de 2,880 livres. Ferme et métairie. Elle porte le nom depuis 1204 et tient son nom des macicots, c'est-à-direles chantres du clergé de Notre-Dame de paris. DE BAILLON, Sr de Valence et de la Mascotterie Alphonse (I3534)
 
61 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I1043)
 
62 13/12 89000.Auxerre Il enleva sa femme avec l'appui du Pape. Family F3333
 
63 1337, in living 11th year of the reign of Edward III. COBB, Richard Esq. (I2157)
 
64 15 betes a cornes, 8 moutons, 12 cochons, 30 arpents en valeur. MORIN, Pierre dit Boucher (I1354)
 
65 15 betes a cornes, 8 moutons, 12 cochons, 30 arpents en valeur. MORIN, Pierre dit Boucher (I1354)
 
66 1871 census: Elisha W. (52 yrs.) lives with wife Ruth and 3 small girls, his widowed mother, and his cousin James Randall Cook. Elisha is a 'storekeeper' and James (27 yrs.) is a 'store clerk.' They are described as 'W. Methodist.' According to Martha Feltmate (of Bayfield, NS) Elisha W. had a shipyard; two of his ships were the EWR, and the NEVA (was originally supposed to be NOVA!). The old store (original?) was torn down in the 1970's. It was across the road from Elisha's house--one of the earliest and nicest of the old homes. RANDALL, Elisha William (I4112)
 
67 1881 Census: a seaman; single. 1891 Census: married to Kate. A boy, W. H. Joseph Cameron is listed as a 'son.' Rankin's history of Antigonish County indicates John and Kate had no children and the census indicates that the boy Joseph's mother was born in Newfoundland, while Kate was born in Nova Scotia. Perhaps he was an adopted relative of Kate's. LEYDON, John (I4330)
 
68 1er mariage célébré à N-D de Québec. Témoin: Samuel de Champlain Family F1378
 
69 22 ans en 1666 IVORY, Catherine (I3480)
 
70 22 ans en 1666. ISABELLE, Michel dit Le Grand (I2378)
 
71 23-09 ct. Duquet Family F1832
 
72 24 ans MINEAU, Gabrielle (I3337)
 
73 24 ans 1681 MINEAU, Gabrielle (I3337)
 
74 25 ans en '66 et 28 ans en '67, 40 ans en '81 VEAU, Sylvain (I3605)
 
75 25 ans en 1666 DIONNE, Antoine (I3479)
 
76 26 ans en 1681 HUBERT, Marie (I3394)
 
77 26 betes a cornes, 29 brebis, 12 chevres, 20 cochons, 6 arpents en valeur MIUS, Lieutenant-Major Philippe Sieur d'Entremont, Baron de de Pobomcoup (I4722)
 
78 26ans JEANNE, Andrée Angélique (I6063)
 
79 2ème épouse de Valentinien. Justina (I6579)
 
80 2ieme du nom. Parrain Jacques de Meule, Intendant de la Nouv-France(de passage) et Marie-Josephe Le Neuf de la Valliere, fille du Seigneur de Beaubassin. MORIN, Jacques dit Bonsecours (I1375)
 
81 2nd Earl of Huntingdon DE SAINT LIZ, Earl Simon Of Huntingdon (I8012)
 
82 2Nd Earl of Surrey, Commander in KIng's Army; Knight DE WARRENNE, Earl William (I8087)
 
83 30 ans MARTIN, Andrée (I1364)
 
84 30 ans en 1667 VALLéE, Pierre (I3597)
 
85 30 arpents en valeur PARé, Robert (I2477)
 
86 32 ans GUENET, Pierre (I2259)
 
87 32 ans en 67 BRUNET, Françoise (I3628)
 
88 33 ans en '66 DUBé, Mathurin (I4097)
 
89 34 ans GODIN, Pierre dit Chatillon (I6081)
 
90 35 ans MARTIN, Marie-Madeleine (I1355)
 
91 35 ans en 1666 GAREMAN, Nicole (I5654)
 
92 36 ans en 1681 DE BAILLON, Catherine Marie (I3516)
 
93 36 ans, charpentier MéNAGE, Pierre (I3452)
 
94 37 ans GUENET, Pierre (I2259)
 
95 3ème enfant. Profession : Comte de Salm et Co-Roi de Germanie en 1080. DE SALM, Hermann Ier (I7335)
 
96 3ème femme. DE HEIDMARK, Svanhild Oysteinsdotter (I7158)
 
97 40 ans LAMBERT, Eustache Sieur de Ste-Marie (I5645)
 
98 45 ans DOYON, Jean (I2351)
 
99 57 ans BRASSARD, Antoine (I2585)
 
100 58 ans BRASSARD, Antoine (I2585)
 
101 62 ans SAINT-DENIS, Pierre (I3836)
 
102 64 ans en 1697, 42 ans en 66 et 67, 60 ans en 81 CHAPELIER, Marie (I3618)
 
103 68 ans LUCAS, Jacqueline (I5549)
 
104 68 ans RATTé, Jacques (I3914)
 
105 68 ans DURAND, Jeanne (I3624)
 
106 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I1582)
 
107 6th child and 3rd son of David Atwater. [see Jost] One of the first settlers in Wallingford, Conn. according to Tag Duprey. (see note for his father). Yet another note says he was called 'Weaver.' ATWATER, John (I1261)
 
108 7 bestiaux et 20 arpents en valeur PARé, Robert (I2477)
 
109 70 ans GUENEVILLE, Jeanne (I3983)
 
110 70 ans BLANCHARD, Gillette (I3760)
 
111 70 ans DURAND, Françoise (I2645)
 
112 70 ans BUTEAU, Pierre (I2617)
 
113 71 ans CARREAU, Louis d. Lafraicheur (I3769)
 
114 72 ans FAURE, Louise d. Planchet (I3328)
 
115 72 ans CARBONNEAU D. PROVENçAL, Esprit (I2624)
 
116 72 arpents ( 1 arpent = 58,5 mètres) au prix de 40 livres. Sur la rive gauche du "premier détour" de la rivière Ouelle. Belle terre, riche et fertile, deux des cotés attenants a la rivière Ouelle. MIVILLE, Jacques d. Deschênes (I3517)
 
117 72 arpents ( 1 arpent = 58,5 mètres) au prix de 40 livres. Sur la rive gauche du "premier détour" de la rivière Ouelle. Belle terre, riche et fertile, deux des cotés attenants a la rivière Ouelle. DE BAILLON, Catherine Marie (I3516)
 
118 74 ans BOUFFART, Jacques (I3730)
 
119 74 ans LANGLOIS, Anne (I3414)
 
120 76 ans DUBé, Mathurin (I4097)
 
121 76 ans LORYOT, Pérette (I2620)
 
122 79 ans DECELLES, Marie (I3784)
 
123 79 years MACLEOD, Eunice (I4079)
 
124 80 ans OLIVIER, Agnès (I3981)
 
125 80 ans POLIQUIN, Jean (I3885)
 
126 80 ans BLANCHON, Etienne (I3601)
 
127 80 ans LANGLOIS, Noël (I2938)
 
128 84 ans GOSSELIN, Gabriel (I2559)
 
129 85 yrs MACDONALD, Donald (I4072)
 
130 85ans GODIN, Laurent d. Beauséjour et Châtillon (I3323)
 
131 86 ans MORIN, Pierre (I1352)
 
132 86 ans, 22 ans en 1667, 20 ans en 1666, 35 ans en 1681 LAVERDURE, Marguerite (I4422)
 
133 88 years MACDONALD, Angus (I1411)
 
134 89 ans BOURASSA, Jean (I5649)
 
135 978 duke, 987-991 westFrankish pretender to the throne. DE FRANCE, Charles (I6341)
 
136 a "Rich Blessing to this church scores of years" (Plymouth) CUSHMAN, Thomas (I1154)
 
137 A 'Councillor,' according to Rankin's History of Antigonish County. MCKEOUGH, (I4362)
 
138 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I981)
 
139 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I980)
 
140 A cousin of his wife Mary Tuttle. He removed to N. S. with his father. According to 'Guysborough Sketches & Essays,' by A. C. Jost: 'He was killed by a falling tree 26 Apr. 1790.' Another source says he was killed by ROLLING of a log Aug. 2, 1787. ATWATER, Rufus (I1255)
 
141 A Danish Viking, about 960 he founded the Polish nation and, in 966, established the first recorded capital of the state at Gniezno, to the north-east of the present-day city of Poznan. By placing his kingdom under the protection of the Holy Roman Empire, he secured it from German intrusions. He also accepted the Christian religion for himself and his people. OD POLAND, Mieszko I, Prince of Poland (I46)
 
142 A Domesday Commissioner. At the date of the Survey he held some 210lordships or manors, more than half of which were in Derbyshire. Hisprincipal honour was at Tutbury, then the district of Burton-on-Trent,Straffordshire. He founded a priory for Benedictine monks nearTutbury (The Complete Peerage, Vol IV:190-91). DE FERRERS, Henry (I7788)
 
143 A fifth child (girl) died young. RANDALL, William John (I4108)
 
144 A legend states that a Gillis woman from Morar married one of the MacIan MacDonaldfs from Glencoe, and lived in Glencoe. She escaped the Massacre perpetrated by the Campbells under English orders in 1692. Her husband was killed, but she made her way home over the mountains to Morar carrying their child. Living with her parents, she brought up the child as a Gillis, fearing Campbell vengeance on a survivor of the Massacre. When Angus "Pioneer" settled in America nearly a century later he took back the proper name of MacDonald which his ancestor had abandoned. (GILLIS) MACDONALD, Angus (I4025)
 
145 A légué son nom aux Plaines d'Abraham. Un monument lui est érigé dans la Basse-Ville de Québec. MARTIN, Abraham (I2467)
 
146 A Magyar leader involved with the invasion of western and southern Europe, he was defeated by the Saxons near Merseburg in 933. OF HUNGARY, Prince Zoltan (I5899)
 
147 a particularly nasty form of arthritis CORBETT, Ann Alexis Marguerite (I966)
 
148 a Roman commander at the Battle of Chalons; at Rome in 469 and 475 Tonantius "vis clarisimus' (I6483)
 
149 a sa signature en dossier à l'Institut Drouin. BELANGER, François (I2408)
 
150 A.D. 688. This year Ceadwall went to Rome, and received baptism at the hands of Sergius the pope, who gave him the name of Peter; but in the course of seven nights afterwards, on the twelfth day before the calends of May, he died in his crisom-cloths, and was buried in the church of St. Peter. (Saxon Chronicles) Ceolwald King of Wessex (I6424)
 
151 Abbesse d'Amay en BELGIQUE à partir de 589. DE SAVOIE, Sainte Ode ou Chrodoare (I6732)
 
152 Abbesse d'Hamage (59) D'HAMAGE, Gertrude (I6740)
 
153 Abbesse d'Oeren de 698 à 706 Irmina (I6428)
 
154 Abbesse de Hervorden à son décès. DE MERSEBOURG, Mathilde (I7121)
 
155 Abbesse de Nivelles dans le Brabant Belge DE METZ, Saint Itta (I6766)
 
156 Abbot of Ely. FITZRICHARD, Richard (I7750)
 
157 About 1018 the 'Manichaean' teachings appeared in Aquitaine; this sect not only rejected both baptism and the Cross but apparently observed strict asceticism. Ten years later, ten of the canons of the Church of the Holy Cross at Orléans were accused of being 'Manichaeans' and of worshipping the devil. These canons, which included the confessor of Queen Constance, rejected the sacraments of the Church and denied the human birth of Christ together with the reality of his Passion and Resurrection. Brought to trial before the King, Robert 'the Pious', and an assemblage of bishops, these heretics were consigned to the flames, yet not before Queen Constance struck out the eye of her former confessor. Robert II 'le pieux' roi de France (I4511)
 
158 About 1081 he married Adela of Normandy, the formidable daughter of William The Conqueror, and by her fathered seven children. When Stephen's father died in 1090 he became Count of Blois and Chartres.In 1095 Adela became Regent when her husband took part in the first crusade. He had no enthusiasm for this duty but Adela considered that he ought to go, so he went. There was never any nonsense in their household about who made the decisions---she did. Stephen de Blois went together with Adela's brother, Robert, Duke of Normandy. Having marched south through Italy, Stephen and his brother-in-law decided to spend the winter comfortably in southern Italy before continuing on their way. When at last these two leaders decided to embark their men at Brindisi, disaster struck them. It was a very mediaeval kind of disaster: the first ship to leave port capsized and sank with the loss of all hands together with many pack-animals, stores, and chests of money. Most of their armies allowed themselves to be shipped and, after a rough and unpleasant crossing, they reached Constantinople in May 1096. Stephen de Blois was impressed by the city but reserved his greatest admiration for the Emperor Alexius. "Your father, my beloved," he wrote to Adela, "made many gifts, but he was almost nothing compared with this man". One cannot help but wonder how the formidable Adela reacted to this remark about her father, William the Conqueror; however, since her husband was the better part of two thousand miles away, perhaps for once he himself did not much mind how she reacted. Godfrey of Bouillon had attacked the city of Nicaea and was joined, in early June 1096, by Stephen de Blois, Robert of Normandy and Raymond of Toulouse. They celebrated their assault by cutting off the heads of as many Turks as they could find and catapulting them over the city walls into the streets. Others were set up on spikes in front of the gates in full view of the depressed defenders. A Byzantine force took control of the city and deprived the crusaders of another massacre by allowing the Turks to escape. Stephen wrote to his wife in high spirits: "In five weeks' time we shall be in Jerusalem, unless we are held up at Antioch". After the joint crusader-force defeated another Turkish army, the retreating Turks laid waste to the country, burning the crops and destroying or befouling the wells. The weather was still painfully hot and it was not long before hunger and thirst began to take their toll. Stephen wrote to Adela to say that it was a great mistake to imagine that the sun always shone in Syria, for "throughout this winter we have endured intense cold and incessant rain". Later Stephen marched his men to Alexandretta as he saw no point in having them massacred by the Atabeg of Mosul. Afterwards he was to be rebuked bitterly for this 'cowardice' by the formidable Adela. He returned to France in 1099 but was forced by the inexorable Adela to return to the East, there to redeem his tarnished reputation which he did by being killed in the Battle of Ramleh. Etienne II Cte de Blois & Chartres (I4589)
 
159 About l846 he moved to Auburn, New York, where he was a partner in a bookstore, sponsored but not supported by the M. E. Church. He preached almost every Sunday and for a time served as Presiding Elder in neighboring towns. It is inteteresting to note that he preached a number of times to a colored congregation, He writes to Prof. Merritt Caldwell that the latter's book "would have its friends and foes, but would eventually be a standard book." BRAGDON, Charles Powers (I1133)
 
160 ABT Fin Mariage: 1115 Family F3438
 
161 ABT Mariage : vers 1017 ou 1036 DE SUSA, Irmingard (I4633)
 
162 Accident de motocyclette. Il était passager. N'aimait pas les motos. PLANTE, Joseph Jean-Pierre Gustave-Stephane (I1034)
 
163 Accompanied his father to Parliament in 1271. He succeeded hisuncle, Hugh de Mortimer of Chelmarsh as sheriff of Shropshire andStaffordshire on January 23, 1272/73. DE MORTIMER, Ralph (I7649)
 
164 According to a note found in Ivan Randall's bible (apparently written by him or someone of that or previous generation): Mr. Dunn drowned in the Manchester River. 'Mrs.Dunn' [Sabina] had only one child, Tom Taylor's mother. DUNN, John (I2168)
 
165 According to legend, he was learned and saintly, dressed as a cleric and said of Louis IV, King of France, who had mocked his piety, "an illiterate king is a crowned ass". Foulques II 'le Bon' Cte d'Anjou (I5824)
 
166 according to some sources, he arrived aboard the Fortune NELSON, William (I1690)
 
167 According to the CD, Massachusetts Vital Records, 1600's - 1800's, andthe CD, Early Vital Records of Essex County, Massachusetts to about 1850,the Webb's had primarily lived in Salem, Essex County, Massachetts since1629. Most of the HOLLAND'S lived in Ipswich, Massachusetts, a nearbytown in Essex County

Essex county, Mass. is the adjacent county to Rockingham County, NewHampshire. Portsmouth is in Rockingham County. Until 1741, New Hampshireand Massachuttes both had the same Governor.

Using the History of Salem, MA; Vol 3 (1671 - 1716) for Essex CountyBirths and Marriages - William Webb shows as being a private in the NewHampshire Militia at Fort William and Mary at New Castle, NH, at theentrance to Portsmouth Harbour, from 1767 to 1768. He was also on the1778 muster roll as having listed April 10, 1778. 
WEBB, William (I8278)
 
168 According to The History of Salem, MA : Vol 2 (1638 - 1670), he sailed twice the ketch, Trial of Salem, from Kingsale, Ireland to Salem in 1678 and 1679. He later became a tavern keeper. the earliest WEBB Kelvin MacKavanagh found was Francis Webb. he ran a sawmill in Salem in 1629 and was one of the first settlers. WEBB, Captain Daniel (I8273)
 
169 achète 1/8 de Beaupré et de l'Ile d'Orléans de Charles de Lauzon FORTIN, Julien d. Bellefontaine (I3724)
 
170 Adela of Normandy, daughter of William the Conqueror, was the mother of Stephen, King of England, whose right to the throne derived through her. She was married to Stephen, Count of Meaux en Brie. Upon the death of his father in 1090, her husband succeeded to the counties of Blois and Chartres. She took an active interest in civil and ecclesiastical affairs and was instrumental in rebuilding the cathedral of Chartres in stone. In 1095 Adela became Regent when her husband took part in the first crusade. He had no enthusiasm for this duty but Adela considered that he ought to go, so he went. There was never any nonsense in their household about who made the decisions---she did. Stephen de Blois went together with Adela's brother, Robert, Duke of Normandy. In 1099, Stephen returned to France but was forced by Adela to return to the East to redeem his, according to Adela, 'tarnished' reputation, which he did by being killed in the battle of Ramleh, on 19 May 1102. Adela continued as Regent during the minority of her sons and was increasingly active in public life. Anselm, her guest and teacher in 1097, was often entertained by her during 1103 and 1105. Consequently she affected a temporary reconciliation between him and her brother, King Henry I of England. In 1107 Adela entertained Pope Pascal during Easter and the following year was hostess to Boemund of Antiochia. She made her son Thibaud her successor in 1109 and entered a convent in the diocese of Autun. Here she continued to wield an important influence in public and clerical affairs. She persuaded Thibaut to join her brother, Henri I, against France in 1117 and was a benevolent patroness of churches and monasteries. She died in 1137 and was buried at Caen. DE NORMANDIE, Adèle (I4590)
 
171 Adeliz of Chester Type: AKA DE ADELIZA, Adeliz (I7896)
 
172 Adeliza de Grantesmesnil Type: AKA DE TOENI, Alice (I7887)
 
173 admis a l'hopital (9 Bn Gen), probablement pour cause d'accident cerebro-asculaire, et mute au 23 Cdn Gen MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
 
174 admitted freeman PRIEST, Degory (I1170)
 
175 admitted freeman ALLERTON, Isaac (I1158)
 
176 admitted freeman of Plymouth NELSON, William (I1690)
 
177 Adopted after the Halifax Explosion. STEWART, Evelyn (I4298)
 
178 ä l'age de 81 ans et 7 mois NADEAU, Joseph (I1554)
 
179 AFT Mariage : ou 601 Family F2758
 
180 After having lost his child-wife, Isabelle of Flanders, he went on crusade, then hurried back to marry again for the sake of his dynasty as his son, Louis, was a sickly child. What he needed was the daughter of a king and, on 14 August 1193, he married Ingeborg (Isambour), daughter of King Valdemar of Denmark. Arrangements had been made for her to be crowned queen the day after the nuptials but, during the wedding night, Philippe's feelings changed to repulsion. In Compiègne, before an assembly, fifteen duly sworn witnesses, twelve of them from the king's family, solemnly calculated the degrees of consanguinity and showed that Philippe and Ingeborg were fourth cousins, a prohibiting degree for marriage. However, this solution was not accepted by Ingeborg's brother, the Danish king, who appealed to Pope Celestine III, claiming the genealogies to be wrong, but the pope gave Philippe no more than a warning. In June 1196, Philippe III married the beautiful Agnès de Meran. With Ingeborg still alive, this was bigamy. The new pope, Innocent III, ordered Philippe to part from Agnès and, laying France under an interdict, wanted to suspend all religious services. Negotiations were to last fifteen years and, because of the Cathar upsurge, the interdict was not applied. In 1201 in Soissons, the church confronted Philippe but, after a fortnight's arguing, he departed, taking Ingeborg with him. On 29 July 1201 Agnès de Meran died and Philippe could no longer be regarded as a bigamist; and so, in November of that year, the pope legitimised the two children of Philippe and Agnès. In 1205 a 'damsel from Arras' bore him a bastard son and, as Philippe would have nothing to do with Ingeborg, she was spared the perils of childbearing. As it had not been consummated, the pope was willing to declare the marriage with Ingeborg void. However, they had not counted on Ingeborg who maintained that she and Philippe had slept together. To satisfy pope, king and queen, the only solution seemed to be that the queen should take the veil and enter a convent; but then, in April 1213, Philippe announced he was taking back his wife. Philippe II 'Auguste' roi de France (I4502)
 
181 After her husband had established peace, he wanted to increase the tributes from the Slavic tribe of the Derevlyanins. In 945 he went and, after pillaging them, returned to Kiev. However, when he prepared to leave again, the Derevlyanins went to meet him and killed him. The Derevlyanins then sent twenty of their best men to Olga and said: "We have killed your husband, for he was like a wolf, stealing and plundering, while our princes are good and have taken good care of the land of Dereva. Marry our prince Mal!" To this she replied that she couldn't resurrect her husband and so asked them to come the next day to be honoured before the people of Kiev. She told them that as a special honour they should not ride on horses nor go on foot, but would be carried in the boat they arrived in. During the night, a deep pit was dug and the following day, as was announced, the twenty men were carried in their boat, but which was then thrown into the pit where they were buried alive. She then sent a message to the Derevlyanins in which she claimed that the people of Kiev would not release her unless she was collected by their most distinguished men. On their arrival Olga ordered a bath to be prepared for them. The hut was heated up and the Derevlyanins went in. When they began to wash, Olga's men secured the hut and, on her orders, set it on fire, and all inside were burned alive. With her son and their army, she then went to the city of Iskorosten where her husband had been killed. Although they encircled the city, they were unable to take it. After the siege had lasted almost the whole summer, she decided to take a different course. She sent a message to the town that they would be starved as they could not work their fields, and that she only wanted them to pay tribute. For this tribute she requested three doves and three sparrows from each house. Gladly consenting, the Derevlyanins collected three doves and three sparrows from each house. Olga then announced that, as they had submitted to her, she would return to Kiev the next day. However, Olga then distributed the doves and sparrows with the order that lighted tinder, wrapped in little pieces of cloth, be tied to each dove and sparrow. At dusk the birds were released, the doves returning to their dove-cotes and the sparrows to their nests under the eaves. Consequently, dove-cotes, outbuildings, towers and barns all caught fire, and there was no household where there was no fire. The people fled the town, only to be caught by Olga's soldiers. She then burned the whole city, killing some of it's people and selling others as slaves. In 955 she went to Constantinople where the Emperor baptised her personally. At first the Emperor had wanted to marry her but then gave her many gifts and allowed her to return. She tried to convert her son to Christianity but he refused, yet would allow anyone in Kiev to be baptised but with the proviso that they would be ridiculed. In 965 her son, as ruler of Kiev, defeated the Khazars, the Ossetians and the Circussians. While he was away in 968, the Pechenegs laid siege to Kiev where Olga was with her grandsons. With Kiev hermetically sealed, no one could send a message to her son until a young boy said he would go. He went with a bridle in his hands, calling out, "Has no one seen my horse?" As he spoke the Pechenegs language, they thought him one of their own. At the river he took off his clothes and swam across. Here he found a small band of soldiers who, next morning, approached the city in small boats. On arrival they blew hard on their trumpets, creating the impression of being a large force, at which the Pechenegs fled. OD PSKOV, Saint Olga Grand Duchess of Kiev (I339)
 
182 After the death of her husband, she made gifts of Courvert to Lyre.She and her lands were in the King's gift in 1218-1219, and on October16, 1220 she made a grant of her dower lands for three years. Shebecame a recluse at Hackington, near Canterbury shortly beforeFebruary 1220/21. DE BRAIOSE, Laurette (I7822)
 
183 AG-FNF MALLET, Perrine (I3380)
 
184 AG-Or; MSGCF I(2):111-115 GAGNE, Louis (I3329)
 
185 AG-Or; NOR GODBOUT, Nicolas (I3369)
 
186 AGA BOURGOUIN, Marie-Marthe (I3370)
 
187 AGA BAILLARGEON, Jean (I3367)
 
188 AGA BRASSARD, Antoine (I2585)
 
189 AGA, MSGCF IV(4):220 BEAUDOIN, Jacques (I2644)
 
190 age 17 SURBER, Sarah Ellen (I8846)
 
191 age 41 at death Edward the Atheling prince of England (I6365)
 
192 age 50 ans GUéRIN, Anne (I3324)
 
193 age 68 BREAU, Elizabeth (I1234)
 
194 age 76 ROSS, Colin (I6229)
 
195 age 77 ans, 40 arpents MIUS, Lieutenant-Major Philippe Sieur d'Entremont, Baron de de Pobomcoup (I4722)
 
196 age 84 CRISPO, Michael (I1233)
 
197 age 85 CORBETT, James P. (I1246)
 
198 age 93 MACDONALD, Roderick (I1406)
 
199 age 95 MICHAUD, Anne Marie (I1791)
 
200 age 96 CORBETT, Alice (I1240)
 

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