Our Family History and Ancestry

Our family Histories

Notes


Tree:  

Matches 601 to 800 of 2,884

      «Prev 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ... 15» Next»

 #   Notes   Linked to 
601 Emigrated from Wales (via a few months in NYC) to Toronto HUGHES, Craig Parry (I766)
 
602 Emissaire du Roi Sigfried en 782. Profession : 3ème Roi de Haithabu. DE JUTLAND, Halvdan (I5858)
 
603 Emmené en captivité à Byzance en 585, il s'y marie à une dignitaire del'Empire in Jacques Saillot. DE WISIGOTHIE, Athanagilde (I5637)
 
604 Emperor Conrad I had designated him as his successor and this wassupported by the Saxon and Franconian nobility. Although he was thefirst non-Frank ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, he nevertheless adoptedFrankish customs, dress and manners. As he regarded the support of thenobility as sufficient for his position, he refused to be crowned by thebishops. Also, as Duke of Saxony he had shown his independence fromEmperor and Church; yet, as Emperor himself, he grew closer to thechurch. The most serious problem of his reign was the independence ofthe higher nobility. This had been caused by the disintegration ofmonarchical powers in the preceeding fifty years. He re-establishedimperial control over Suabia, Lotharingia and Bavaria. However, ingeneral he allowed the dukes a free hand within their own territories.Several times after 925 he raided the territories of his uncivilizedneighbours, the Slavic Wends and the Hungarian Magyars, takingBrandenburg from the Wends and, in 933, defeating the Magyars in battle.Then in the conquered lands he built fortified cities as militarystrongholds. His rule restored much of the power and prestige of themonarchy so that, before he died, he obtained the recognition of hisson, Otto, as his successor. DE SAXE, Henry I king of east Francia (I37698)
 
605 emplacement sur lequel les freres Gagnon (Mathurin, Pierre et Jean)construisent une longue maison en bois, a la fois magasin et logement.Elle brulera en 1686. GAGNON, Mathurin (I2292)
 
606 emplacement sur lequel les freres Gagnon (Mathurin, Pierre et Jean)construisent une longue maison en bois, a la fois magasin et logement.Elle brulera en 1686. GAGNON, Jean (I3393)
 
607 Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled 'Henry the YoungKing:''also called HENRY FITZHENRY, second son of King Henry II of EnglandbyEleanor of Aquitaine; he was regarded, after the death of hiselderbrother, William, in 1156, as his father's successor inEngland,Normandy, and Anjou. 'In 1158 Henry, only three years of age,was betrothed to Margaret,daughter of Louis VII of France and his secondwife, on condition thatMargaret's dowry would be the Vexin, the borderregion betweenNormandy (then held by England) and France. Henry II tookadvantage ofPope Alexander III's political difficulties to secure thePope'spermission for the children to be married in 1160. On June 14,1170,the young Henry was crowned king (theoretically to rule inassociationwith his father) at Westminster by Archbishop Roger of York.York'sofficiation, usurping a prerogative of the archbishop ofCanterbury,exacerbated the dispute between the latter, namely, ThomasBecket, andHenry II, which ended with Becket's murder six months later.Crownedagain on Aug. 27, 1172 (this time with Margaret), the YoungKingreceived no share of his father's power. (He was neverthelesscalledby contemporaries and by certain later chroniclers King HenryIII.) 'With his mother and his brothers Richard (the future Richard I)andGeoffrey, he nearly overthrew Henry II in 1173. Forgiven forthisrevolt, he intrigued further against his father with Louis VII.In1182-83 he waged war against Richard over Poitou, and he waspreparingto fight Richard again when he died in France of dysentery.'The Young King was so popular that the people of Le Mans andRouenalmost went to war for the custody of his body, and in hismother'shereditary lands he was immortalized in the 'Lament for theYoungKing' by the troubadour Bertran de Born.' PLANTAGENET, King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine King Henry III King of England (I38346)
 
608 Engeltrude pour Pierre Riché. Richeut ou Engeltrude (I5914)
 
609 England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007 LAMB, Hubert (I68894)
 
610 enroled in the Navy in the War of independence. He was consequentlydisowned by the Society of Friends. WAYNE, Jacob (I1006)
 
611 enseigne COUILLARD, Charles-Marie de Beaumont (I3620)
 
612 enterre sous l'eglise St. Thomas FOURNIER, Guillaume (I2245)
 
613 Epicier et apothicaire à Paris puis en Acadie à Port-Royal en 1606-1607et 1611-1613, puis à Québec en 1617. HÉBERT, Louis Gaston (I2170)
 
614 Epitaph reads:
'Come youth behold, improve your day
For many years soon fly away.
Make God your friend, prepare to die,
For you must lay as low as I.' 
COBB, Nathan (I1466)
 
615 Epouse une veuve franque déjà mère de deux enfants. Profession : Roid'East-Anglie de 599 à 624. D'EAST-ANGLIE, Raedwald (I5630)
 
616 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I1090)
 
617 est admis a MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
 
618 est admis au 5FDS et ensuite envoye du 5FDS au 5CCS MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
 
619 est affecte au Quartier General de la 3e Division Canadienne MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
 
620 est élu en l'élection de Paris DE MARLE, Claude (I3343)
 
621 est embarqué pour l'Angleterre MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
 
622 est le premier enfant blanc né en Nouvelle-France, croit-on. DESPORTES, Hélène (I2250)
 
623 est libere de l' MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
 
624 est maintenu dans sa noblesse DE MARLE, Jehan (I3347)
 
625 est orpheline en bas âge. Elle demeure avec son oncle et tuteur,Guillaume Couillard. HÉBERT, Françoise (I2246)
 
626 est venu en Nouvelle-France, vers l'âge de 21 ans. La première mention desa présence à Québec est de 1669, lorsqu'il achète une habitation sur larivière Saint-Charles. En 1675, il construit la petite maison deFrançois Jacquet (qui subsiste encore aujourd'hui, coin des ruesSaint-Louis et Desjardins) en échange d'une propriété sur la rivièreSaint-Charles.
Ses principales réalisations débutent vers 1680 lorsqu'il s'occupe, de1680 à 1690, des chantiers de la maison des Jésuites près du port deQuébec (1684), une des mieux situées de la basse-ville, de la maisonComporté [Gaultier] (1685), de la maison Pachot [Viennay-Pachot] (1686)sise à la Place Royale consacrée la même année .En 1688 il participe àla réfection du monastère des Ursulines, construit le clocher del'église appelée Notre-Dame-de-la-Victoire en 1690 et celui de lacathédrale. Le dessin qui accompagne le marché Comporté témoigne del'importance du colombage à l'époque et révèle sa maîtrise du métiermalgré des moyens simples et traditionnels. Son apport à la réalisationde l'Hôtel-Dieu (1691) et du château Saint-Louis (1692) marque l'apogéede sa carrière.
Ménager était illettré et ne pouvaît même signer son nom. 
MÉNAGE, Pierre (I3232)
 
627 Est-ce le même que Anselm de HASPENGAU, mort à Roncevaux ? Profession :Comte DE HASPENGAU, Ingramm ou Ingerman (I5821)
 
628 Ethelswitha turned to religion in 901 after the death of King Alfred andbecame a nun at St-Mary's Abbey, Winchester. Saint Ethelswitha (I5280)
 
629 Event 1: DENEAU, René (I1260)
 
630 executed Bernhard Comte d'Aulun (I4772)
 
631 Fait une chute sur un terrain glacé. Cause sa mort. HÉBERT, Louis Gaston (I2170)
 
632 Faite prisonnière par Alaric en 410, puis épouse de son successeur. Ellefonde la basilique Saint-Jean l'Evangéliste à Rome. Profession :Impératrice de Rome de 421 à 450. DE ROME, Galla Placidia (I5494)
 
633 Family bible in pocession of Karen Randall RR1 Afton Stn. N.S. B0H 1A0.Albert was a farmer; was Captain of Militia. They were Anglican andresided in Bayfield, Nova Scotia. RANDALL, Albert (I3909)
 
634 Family moved sometime around the turn of the century from Bayfield, N.S.down to Hartford, Conn.; perhaps after George died? Charlotte lived onSigourney St. RANDALL, Charlotte Theresa (I3885)
 
635 Farmer; Anglican. They resided in Afton, Nova Scotia. RANDALL, Joseph Dexter (I3904)
 
636 fièvre pourpre MIVILLE, Jacques d. Deschênes (I3297)
 
637 fièvre pourpre. Enterrée sous la chapelle de Rivière-Ouelle DE BAILLON, Catherine Marie (I3296)
 
638 fille de Louis Hébert et de Marie Rollet, mariée à Guillaume Couillard le26 août 1621, née à Paris ou à Dieppe vers 1606, morte à Québec en1684.

À la mort de Louis Hébert, en 1627, sa fille Guillemette et sonmari, Guillaume Couillard, héritèrent de la moitié de ses biens.Couillard devint le chef de la famille, car le frère de sa femme,Guillaume, était encore mineur. Jusqu’en 1632, la maison des Hébert,sise sur le bord de la falaise, était la seule habitation privée àQuébec. Il y avait un peu plus loin le petit fort en bois construit parChamplain et, juste au-dessous de celui-ci, au bord du fleuve,l’Habitation flanquée de la petite chapelle des Récollets. Les deuxseuls autres bâtiments qui comptaient étaient le couvent des Récolletset celui des Jésuites, situés à un mille de là sur la rivièreSaint-Charles et au delà d’un bois épais. Guillemette et sa mèrerestaient souvent seules chez elles, car Couillard passait bien du tempssur le fleuve, et le serviteur, Henri, venu de France avec les Hébert,avait été massacré par les sauvages l’année même de la mort de LouisHébert.

Comme ses parents, Mme Couillard s’intéressait aux petits Indienset fut marraine d’un grand nombre d’entre eux. Après la capture deQuébec par les Anglais en 1629, elle accueillit chez elle Charité etEspérance, deux des trois petites Indiennes protégées par Champlain, quecelui-ci aurait voulu remmener en France. David Kirke ayant refuséd’autoriser ce voyage, les petites filles demandèrent d’être envoyéeschez Mme Couillard. Ce devait être un foyer cosmopolite, car ilcomprenait en outre Olivier Le Jeune, petit nègre malgache que lesAnglais avaient vendu à Olivier Le Baillif et dont celui-ci avait faitdon à la famille Couillard. Guillemette et sa mère veillèrent à soninstruction religieuse, et il fut baptisé en 1633. En 1648, lesCouillard avaient d’autres serviteurs et dix enfants ; c’était un ménagebruyant, voire indiscipliné, si l’on en croit le Journal des Jésuites.Au mariage de la troisième fille, Élisabeth, en novembre 1645, deuxviolons – chose inouïe au Canada – accompagnaient les chantres de lachapelle. Le début des années 1660 fut toutefois pour Mme Couillard unepériode très pénible. Deux de ses fils, d’abord Nicolas, âgé de 20 ans,puis Guillaume, âgé de 27 ans, et son neveu Joseph Hébert tombèrentvictimes des Iroquois (1661–1662) et son mari décéda au mois de mars1663.

Riches propriétaires terriens (les Hébert possédaient des terresen plus de leur concession primitive), Mme Couillard et son mari avaientfait divers dons à des fins charitables et religieuses : à l’église en1652 et à l’Hôtel-Dieu en 1655 et en 1659. Devenue veuve, elle vendit àMgr de Laval*, en 1666, le terrain nécessaire à la construction du petitséminaire. Les jeunes de sa famille s’opposèrent énergiquement à lavente de cette propriété de grande valeur (le fief du Sault-au-Matelot)où son mari et elle s’étaient d’abord établis. Le litige amorcé par leshéritiers présomptifs devait se poursuivre pendant des générations,voire jusqu’au xxe siècle.

Chagrinée sans doute par cette querelle de famille et devenueinvalide, elle se retira au couvent de l’Hôtel-Dieu et y vécut commepensionnaire jusqu’à sa mort. Lorsque, en 1678, on exhuma les restes deson père pour les déposer ailleurs, elle se fit transporter à lachapelle des Récollets afin d’assister à la cérémonie. Elle s’éteigniten 1684, à l’âge d’environ 78 ans, et fut inhumée à côté de son maridans la chapelle de l’Hôtel-Dieu. Elle laissait alors plus de 250descendants. On pourrait difficilement en estimer le nombreaujourd’hui. 
HÉBERT, Marie Guillemette (I2169)
 
639 Fille Illégitime ou fille d'Edith d'ANGLETERRE (?). DE GERMANIE, Richilde (I6099)
 
640 Fille illégitime. DE SUEDE, Astrid (I6144)
 
641 Fils cadet. Profession : Duc de Gascogne. DE GASCOGNE, Lupus II (I5853)
 
642 Fin Mariage : 946 Family F2771
 
643 Fin Mariage: 18 Octobre 942 Family F3384
 
644 Fin Mariage: avant 856 Family F2658
 
645 following a battle with cancer ANDERSON, Francis Lloyd (I880)
 
646 fondateur de l'abbaye de St-Denis

Dagobert, King of the Franks:
Grant of an Estate to Monks of St. Denis, 635
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A grant of an estate in the seventh century was perhaps the gift ofgreatest value that could be given by one person to another. No land wasgranted as a rule without the accompanying forms of wealth described byDagobert in this charter. Note that serfs and bondsmen were not excludedin making the gift. Twenty-seven estates were given at one time byDagobert to the Abbey of St. Denis.

Dagobert, King of the Franks, illustrious monarch, to Wandelbert, theDuke. Whatever we have devoutly granted for the relief of the poor, webelieve we shall have returned to us with profit in the next life.Therefore be it known that we have exchanged our villa called Saclas,situated on the River Juine, in the district of Etampes, and which wehave received from Lord Ferreol, Bishop of the diocese of Autun, andfrom Abbot Deodatus, the clergy and church or basilica of Symphorian, inwhose care it is known to have been, for another villa called Amica,which is in the district of Marseilles, to the increase of our fortune.And that same Saclas we have devoutly granted in its entirety to themonks of St. Denis, the martyr, at the monastery where his precious bodynow rests, being within their gates. Therefore we have ordered that fromthe present date they shall possess the villa of Saclas, with itshouses, serfs, bondsmen, woods, meadows, pastures, mills, flocks,shepherds, wholly and entirely, just as it was formerly held by thechurch of Autun and Symphorian until we, as has been said, exchanged itfor another. Therefore, because it has been granted of our bounty, forthe salvation of our soul, to the monks of St. Denis, according to God'swill, neither the abbot nor any other person shall at any time presumeto destroy this gift to the monks; but let it be administered in thename of God by the hand of their abbot in whose assiduous care the monkslive. And in whatever way the fisc can augment its aid to the poor monkslet it do so, so that they and their successors may delight in thestability of our kingdom and pray for the salvation of our soul. Andthat this charter may endure for all time we have decreed that it besigned with our signature. Ursin obtained it. Dagobert granted it.
Given on July 28th in the fourteenth year of our reign, at Clichy.
Amen.



DAGOBERT I (d. 639), king of the Franks, was the son of Clotaire II. In623 his father established him as king of the region east of theArdennes, and in 626 revived for him the ancient kingdom of Austrasia,minus Aquitaine and Provence. As Dagobert was but yet a child, he wasplaced under the authority of the mayor of the palace, Pepin, andArnulf, bishop of Metz. At the death of Clotaire II in 628, Dagobertwished to re-establish unity in the Frankish realm, and in 629 and 630make expeditions into Neustria and Burgundy, where he succeeded on thewhole in securing the recognition of his authority. In Aquitaine he gavehis brother Caribert the administration of the counties of Toulouse,Cahors, Agen, Perogeux and Saintes; but at Caribert's death in 632Dagobert became sole ruler of the whole of the Frankish territoriessouth of the Loire. Under him the Merovingian monarchy attained itsculminating point. He restored to the royal domain the lands that hadbeen usurped by the great nobles and by the church; he maintained atParis a luxurious, though, from the example he himself set, a disorderlycourt; he was a patron of the arts and delighted in the exquisitecraftsmanship of his treasurer, the goldsmith, St. Eloi. His authoritywas recognized through the length and breadth of the realm. The duke ofthe Basques came to his court to swear fidelity, and at his villa atClichy the chief of the Bretons of Domnone promised obedience. Heintervened in the affairs of the Visigoths of Spain and the Lombards ofItaly, and was heard with deference. Indeed, as a sovereign, Dagobertwas reckoned superior to the other barbarian kings. He entered intorelations with the eastern empire, and swore a 'perpetual peace' withthe emperor Heraclius; and it is probable that the two sovereigns tookcommon measures against the Slav and Burgundian tribes which ravaged inturn the Byzantine state and the German territories subject to theFranks. Dagobert protected the church and placed illustrious prelates atthe head of the bishoprics---Eloi (Eligius) at Noyon, Ouen (Audoenus) atRouen and Didier (Desiderius) at Cahors. His reign is also marked by thecreation of numerous monasteries and by renewed missionary activity inFlanders and among the Basques. He died on Jan 9, 639, as was buried atSt. Denis. After his death the Frankish monarchy was again divided. In634 he had been obliged to give the Austrasians a special king in theperson of his eldest son Sigebert, and at the birth of a second son,Colvis, in 635, the Neustrians had immediately claimed him as king. Thusthe unification of the realm, which Dagobert had re-established with somuch pains, was anulled.

In 622 he became king of Austrasia and in 629 of all the Frankishlands.He secured peace by making a friendship treaty with theByzantineEmperor, Heraclius, by defeating the Gascons and theBretons, thencampaigning against the Slavs on his eastern frontier.In 631 he sent anarmy to Spain to help the Visigothic usurper, Swinthila. He moved hiscapital from Austrasia to Paris, a centrallocation from which thekingdom could be governed more effectively. He then appeased theAustrasians by making his three-year-old son,Sigebert, their king in634. Dagobert loved justice but was alsogreedy and dissolute. During hisreign there was a revival of the arts, a revision of the Frankish law,and encouragement for learning. Dagobert founded the first great abbeyof Saint Denis to which he mademany gifts. His chief advisers were twoAustrasian aristocrats, Arnulf, bishopof Metz, and Pippin, who was mademayor of Dagobert's palace. It was amarriage arranged between Arnulf'sson and Pippin's daughter that was to form the powerful dynasty knownlater as the Carolingians 
DE FRANCE, roi Dagobert I (I4909)
 
647 Fondatrice de l'Abbaye de Pruem. Bertrada 'The Elder' (I4875)
 
648 Fondatrice du Monastère de Saint-Quirin. D'OEHNINGEN, Judith (I6118)
 
649 For some reason, she hated her name (especially Norberta) and didn'tallow it to be used. Went by nickname "Bertie". CORBETT, Jessica Norberta (I5)
 
650 fought in World War I CORBETT, Claud Reginald (I1032)
 
651 Fought overseas in WWI MACDONALD, Roderick (I1215)
 
652 founded Lorsch Abbey with her son and grandson VON WORMSGAU, Williswint (I338)
 
653 founded the convent

Abbesse de Nivelles dans le Brabant Belge 
DE METZ, Saint Itta (I5649)
 
654 founded the Heinsberg monastery VON WALBECK, Oda (I4603)
 
655 Founded the Nunnery Of St. Giles in the Wood and Westacre AbbeyinNorfolk. DE TOENI, Roger (I6275)
 
656 founder and organizer or the parish of Lourdes, NS MACDONALD, Father William B (I1221)
 
657 Founder of Scotlands Dynasty. Whether Celtic or Norse in origin, thepagan kings of Scotland were considered to be sacred beings. At hisinauguration each king had to go through various religious rituals, as aresult of which he and his people felt that the Lucky Spirit of thecommunity entered and dwelt in the king's body, hence the belief thatthe royal families descended from the gods. Since this Lucky Spirit'shuman manifestation could not be allowed to decay, such kings wereperiodically sacrificed or slain by their rightful successors. Alpin,son of Eochaid IV 'the Poisonous', king of Dalriada, became king ofKintyre in March 834, only to be killed in battle with the Picts inGalloway in August the same year. King Alpin King of Kintyre (I5298)
 
658 Founder of the Deisi Tribe Type: Distinction MAC FEREDACH, Fiacha Fionn Ola 104th King of Ireland at Tara (I610)
 
659 Fourth Earl of Hereford 1143-1155. He founded the Abbey of FlaxleyinGoucester. After the accession of Henry II in December 1154, heopposedthe King concerning the Castle of Gloucester. It was justafter thatthat he was excommunicated by the Bishop of Hereford andthat hesurrended his castles, fees, and the earldom. These wereapparentlyregranted, but shortly thereafter he became a monk(Complete Peerage,VI:454-455). FITZMILES, Roger (I6579)
 
660 France Ouest Rural (872) RATTÉ, Jacques (I3694)
 
661 François BOURC 28, wife, Marguerite BOUDROT; Children: Michel 5, and 1daughter; cattle 15, sheep. Family F2617
 
662 François GAUTEROT, 58, wife, Edmée LeJEUNE; Children: Marie 35, Charles34, Marie 24, René 19, Marguerite 16, Jean 23, François 19, Claude 12,Charles 10, Jeanne 7, Germain 3; cattle 16, sheep 6 GAUTROT, François (I4976)
 
663 Francois GIROUARD, 50, wife Jeanne AUCOIN; Children: Jacob 23, Germain14, and 3 daughters; cattle 16, sheep 12 Family F2802
 
664 Francois GOTRO 71, Emee LEJEUNE 61; 3 guns, 4 arpents, 8 cattle, 5 sheep,8 hogs GAUTROT, François (I4976)
 
665 Fredegund d. 597, Paris French FREDEGONDE, queen consort of ChilpericI, the Merovingian Frankish king of Soissons. Originally a servant,Fredegund became Chilperic's mistress after he had murdered his wife andqueen, Galswintha (c. 568). Galswintha, however, was also the sister ofBrunhild, the wife of Chilperic's half-brother Sigebert I, king of theeastern kingdom of Austrasia. Galswintha's murder engendered a violentanimosity between Fredegund and Brunhild and an irreconcilable feud ofmore than 40 years' duration between the respective families. Fredegundwas certainly responsible for the assassination of Sigebert in 575 andmade attempts on the lives of Guntram (her brother-in-law and the kingof Burgundy), Childebert II (Sigebert's son), and Brunhild. After themysterious assassination of Chilperic (584), Fredegund seized his richesand took refuge in the cathedral at Paris. Both she and her survivingson, Chlotar II, were at first protected by Guntram, but, when he diedin 592, Childebert II, who had taken over his throne, attacked Chlotar,albeit unsuccessfully. From Childebert's death (595) until her own,Fredegund intrigued on Chlotar's behalf against Brunhild, who sought torule through Childebert's sons, Theodebert II of Austrasia and TheodoricII of Burgundy. Ruthlessly murderous and sadistically cruel, Fredegundcan have few rivals in monstrousness.

One of the most bloodthirsty women in history, she had been the maid ofChilperic I's second wife, Galsvintha, whom he had murdered; Fredegundethen became his queen consort. However, Chilperic I's half-brother,Sigebert I, King of the eastern kingdom of Austrasia, was married toBrunhild, the latter being a sister of Galsvintha. The murder ofGalsvintha caused a violent feud between Fredegund and Brunhild, andalso between the two branches of the family, which lasted some fortyyears. Fredegund was certainly responsible for the murder of Sigebert in575 and made attempts on the lives of Guntram, her brother-in-law andking of Burgundy, and on Childebert II, Sigebert I's son, and Brunhild.In 584 her husband was mysteriously murdered. Fredegund thenseized his riches and took refuge in the cathedral in Paris.Guntram, her brother-in-law, protected both her and her surviving son,Chlotar II, until he died in 592. Childebert II, who had succeededGuntram, unsuccesfully attacked Chlotar II. However, Childebert II diedin 595, and, in the last two years of her life, Fredegund intrigued onChlotar II's behalf against Brunhild who sought to rule throughChildebert II's sons, Theodebert II of Austrasia and Theodoric II ofBurgundy. Ruthless, murderous and sadistically cruel, Fredegund must beregarded as one of the most monstrous in history. 
Fredegunde (I5341)
 
666 Frère de Garnier II, Maire du Palais de Neustrie. DE TREVES (I5627)
 
667 Frère de l'Empereur Byzantin Maurice (Flavius Mauricius Tiberius) né vers539, empereur en 582 et assassiné en 602. DE BYZANCE, Petrus Augustus (I5599)
 
668 FROM Britannia Internet Magazine, www.britannia.com, Internet. ArviragusA personage who has come to our attention, first, in the writings ofJuvenal, who mentions him in connection with resistance to Romanconquest and authority. Geoffrey of Monmouth refers to him as a Britishking whose brother was killed sometime during Claudius' invasion (43AD). He has been linked with Caratacus, but more interestingly, he issaid by the interpolators of William of Malmesbury's 'De AntiquitateGlastoniensis Ecclesiae' to be the king who granted 12 hides of landaround Glastonbury to Joseph of Arimathea and his band of followers,when they brought Christianity to Britain for the first time in 63 AD.Some scholars think that it may have been Arviragus and his people whooccupied the ancient hillfort, located in the county of Somerset, knownas Cadbury Castle (which would later come to be associated with KingArthur), and used it as a base for their resistance against the Romans. AP CYNFELYN, Arviragus Gweirydd High King of Prydein or Britain (I564)
 
669 From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled 'Alfonso I:' 'alsocalled Afonso Henriques, byname AFONSO THE CONQUEROR, PortugueseAFONSO OCONQUISTADOR, the first king of Portugal (1139-85), whoconqueredSantarâem and Lisbon from the Muslims (1147) and securedPortugueseindependence from Leon (1139). 'Alfonso VI, emperor of Leon,had granted the county of Portugal toAfonso's father, Henry of Burgundy,who successfully defended itagainst the Muslims (1095-1112). Henrymarried Alfonso VI'sillegitimate daughter, Teresa, who governed Portugalfrom the time ofher husband's death (1112) until her son Afonso came ofage. Sherefused to cede her power to Afonso, but his party prevailed intheBattle of Säao Mamede, near Guimaräaes (1128). Though at firstobligedas a vassal to submit to his cousin Alfonso VII of Leon,Afonsoassumed the title of king in 1139. 'By victory in the Battle ofOurique (1139) he was able to imposetribute on his Muslim neighbours;and in 1147 he further capturedSantarâem and, availing himself of theservices of passing crusaders,successfully laid siege to Lisbon. Hecarried his frontiers beyond theTagus River, annexing Beja in 1162 andâEvora in 1165; in attackingBadajoz, he was taken prisoner but thenreleased. He married Mafaldaof Savoy and associated his son, Sancho I,with his power. By the timeof his death he had created a stable andindependent monarchy.' PORTUGAL, ALFONSO I HENRIQUES of (I6529)
 
670 From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled 'Alfonso VI:' 'bynameALFONSO THE EMPEROR, Spanish ALFONSO EL EMPERADOR, king ofLeon andCastile from 1126 to 1157, son of Raymond of Burgundy and thegrandson ofAlfonso VI, whose imperial title he assumed. Though hisreign saw theapogee of the imperial idea in medieval Spain and thoughhe won notablevictories against the Moors, he remains a somewhat hazyfigure. 'Hischildhood was complicated by the struggle between his motherUrraca andher second husband, Alfonso I of Aragon, for control ofCastile and Leon.Only on Urraca's death (1126) did his stepfatherfinally relinquish hisclaims. Alfonso was then formally accepted asemperor by the kings ofAragon and Pamplona (Navarre), by the count ofBarcelona, and by variousHispano-Moorish rulers. His capture ofAlmerâia (1147) from the Moors wonhim renown, as did other victories,but in the end these led to littleexpansion of territory. Almerâia was lost again in 1157 andCâordobaremained in his hands for only three years. In 1146 a newinvasion ofNorth African fanatics, the Almohads, began. Alfonso nowalliedhimself with the Almoravids and devoted the rest of his life toaseries of campaigns to check Almohad expansion in southern Spain.'Despite the importance of the imperial idea at this time,peninsularfractionalist tendencies were by no means dormant. Alfonso wasunableto prevent the establishment of Portugal as an independentkingdom(1140) and, in his will, he himself divided his realm, as wastheSpanish custom, between his two sons, Sancho III of CastileandFerdinand II of Leon. This act finally destroyed the concept ofempire in medieval Spain.' RAIMUNDEZ, King Alfonso VII of Leon (I6515)
 
671 From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled 'Alfonso VIII:''byname EL DE LAS NAVAS (SPANISH: HE OF LAS NAVAS), king of Castilefrom1158, son of Sancho III, whom he succeeded when three years old. 'BeforeAlfonso came of age his reign was troubled by internal strifeand theintervention of the kingdom of Navarre in Castilian affairs.Throughouthis reign he maintained a close alliance with the kingdomof Aragon, andin 1179 he concluded the Pact of Cazorla, which settledthe future lineof demarcation between Castile and Aragon when thereconquest of MoorishSpain was completed. From 1172 to 1212 he wasengaged in resistance tothe Moorish Almohad invaders, who defeatedhim in 1195. In the same yearthe kings of Leon and Navarre invadedCastile, but Alfonso defeated themwith the aid of King Peter II ofAragon. In 1212 Alfonso secured a greatvictory at Las Navas de Tolosaover the Almohad sultan and thereby brokeAlmohad power in Spain.' SANCHEZ, Alfonso VIII 'The Noble' (I6507)
 
672 From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled 'Blanche ofCastile:''French BLANCHE DE CASTILLE, Spanish BLANCA DE CASTILLA, wife ofLouisVIII of France, mother of Louis IX (St. Louis), and twice regentofFrance (1226-34, 1248-52), who by wars and marital alliances didmuchto secure and unify French territories. Blanche was the daughterofAlfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor, who was the daughter of HenryIIof England. Her grandmother Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of England,traveled to Spain to take the 11-year-old Blanche to France,where amarriage treaty was concluded with Louis, the young son ofKing Philip IIAugustus. This politically motivated marriage had beenarranged byBlanche's uncle, King John of England, and was celebratedin 1200 atPortsmouth, Hampshire. It represented only a brief truce inthe strugglebetween England and France for control over certainFrench territories.'Blanche, who became French through marriage, was gradually tobecomeFrench in spirit as well. Although she did not cease to beconcernedfor her family, among them her uncle John and his allies,herbrother-in-law Ferrand of Portugal, and her cousin Otto ofBrunswick(later Holy Roman emperor Otto IV), she rejoiced at the Frenchvictoryover Otto and the English at Bouvines in 1214, marking the firststageof French unification, a goal for which she was constantly tostrive.In the same year, she gave birth to Louis, the future king ofFrance. Upon John of England'sdeath, Blanche boldly tried to seize theEnglish throne: in 1216 Louisof France invaded England on her behalf.The English stood firmagainst him, and John's nine-year-old son wasfinally crowned HenryIII. 'A devout Roman Catholic, Blanche soon becameinvolved in what shesincerely believed to be a holy war against theheretical Cathari, asect founded on the belief that good and evil hadtwo separatecreators, which was flourishing throughout southern France.Herhusband, who became Louis VIII in 1223, took part in a crusadeagainstthe Cathari but suffered a fatal attack of dysentery uponreturning tothe north of France in 1226. In accordance with herhusband's will,Blanche became both guardian of the 12-year-old Louis andregent ofFrance. She zealously pressed to have Louis crownedimmediately, andthe coronation took place at Reims three weeks afterLouis VIII'sdeath. 'Her most pressing problem was to deal with arebellion of the greatbarons, organized by Philip Hurepel, theillegitimate son of KingPhilip II Augustus, and supported by King HenryIII of England. In theface of such adversity, Blanche showed herself byturns a delicatediplomat, a clever negotiator, and a strong leader.Dressed in white,on a white palfrey draped in the same colour, she rodeinto battle atthe head of her troops. After an attempted abduction ofthe youngking, Blanche did not hesitate to replace rebel nobleassociates with commoners if she thought itnecessary. She also createdlocal militias. Blanche was gradually ableto subdue the revolt,establish a new truce with England, and, in1229, pacify the south ofFrance by signing the Treaty of Paris withRaymond VII, count ofToulouse. France then entered an era of domesticstability, which saw theconstruction of many cathedrals throughoutthe country. 'On only oneoccasion did Blanche fail to exhibit diplomatic conduct.In 1229 adispute between an innkeeper and some students took place inthe LatinQuarter in Paris. The police were summoned, and the studentswere beatenand thrown into the Seine; such intervention in the LatinQuarter,however, was contrary to the prerogatives granted to theuniversity, andthe faculty and students threatened to strike if theuniversity'sprivileges were not respected. Badly advised, Blancheheld firm, but theuniversity closed its doors, and the faculty andstudents left Paris forthe provinces and abroad. It was to take fouryears and the interventionof the pope before the university wouldreturn to Paris with newprerogatives, this time granted by Blancheherself. 'Although Louis IXcame of age on April 25, 1236, Blanche remained athis side as his mostloyal and steadfast supporter. She lacked tact,however, with regard toher son's private life. Although Blancheherself had selected Margaret ofProvence to be Louis's wife, shetreated Margaret with considerableseverity. In 1244, after Louisrecovered from a serious illness, he andhis wife, much againstBlanche's wishes, made a vow to go on a crusadeagainst the Muslims.They embarked in 1248, and once again the kingdomwas entrusted toBlanche. Informed of Louis's defeat at Al-Mansurah,Egypt, and hissubsequent imprisonment, Blanche herself went to seek hisransom andthat of the French army. She petitioned her parents, herallies, andthe pope for funds and supplies, but interest in the crusadehaddwindled. 'Although weakened by a heart ailment, Blanche did notneglect herobligations as a regent. Continuing to preside over councilmeetings,she signed laws and watched over the poor of Paris. When someof thepoor were mistreated by the cathedral chapter, she herself rode,asformerly, to open the gates to their prison. On her way to the Abbeyofthe Lys, one of her favourite retreats, Blanche suffered an attackof theheart ailment that was to take her life. She was returned tothe palaceof the Louvre, dressed in a nun's habit, and laid on a bedof hay. There,after begging forgiveness of all and having receivedthe last sacraments,she died. She was buried at Maubuisson Abbey andher heart taken to theAbbey of the Lys. Louis IX was in Jaffa when helearned of his mother'sdeath. The news distressed him greatly, for hewas aware that he had lostnot only an incomparable parent but alsothe strongest supporter of hiskingship.' DE CASTILLE, Blanche (I6510)
 
673 From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled 'Ferdinand III:''canonized Feb. 4, 1671; feast day May 30' 'also called SAINT FERDINAND,Spanish SAN FERNANDO, king of Castilefrom 1217 to 1252 and of Leon from1230 to 1252 and conqueror of theMuslim cities of Câordoba (1236), Jaâen(1246), and Seville (1248).During his campaigns, Murcia submitted to hisson Alfonso (laterAlfonso X), and the Muslim kingdom of Granada becamehis vassal. 'Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of Leon and Berenguela,daughterof Alfonso VIII of Castile. When born, he was the heir to Leon,buthis uncle, Henry I of Castile, died young, and his motherinheritedthe crown of Castile, which she conferred on him. His father,likemany Leonese, opposed the union, and Ferdinand found himself atwarwith him. By his will Alfonso IX tried to disinherit his son, butthewill was set aside, and Castile and Leon were permanently unitedin1230. 'Ferdinand married Beatrice of Swabia, daughter of the HolyRomanemperor, a title that Ferdinand's son Alfonso X was to claim.Hisconquest of Lower Andalusia was the result of the disintegrationofthe Almohad state. The Castilians and other conquerors occupiedthecities, driving out the Muslims and taking over vast estates.' Fernando III Alfonsez 'The Saint' (I6183)
 
674 From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled 'Sancho I:' 'bynameSANCHO THE FOUNDER, OR THE POPULATOR, Portuguese SANCHO OFUNADOR, OR OPOVOADOR, second king of Portugal (1185-1211), son ofAfonso I. Sancho'sreign was marked by a resettlement of thedepopulated areas of hiscountry, by the establishment of new towns,and by the rebuilding offrontier strongholds and castles. Tofacilitate his plans, he encouragedforeign settlers and enlistedbishops, religious orders, and nobles inhis colonization projects,granting vast territories to the militaryorders (the Hospitalers, the Templars, the Orders ofCalatrava andSantiago). After an invasion by the Almohad prince AbuYusuf Ya'qubal-Mansur, Sancho used the help of a passing crusaderfleet to captureSilves from the Moors (1189), but lost it (1191) andother lands south ofthe Tagus River when al-Mansur again attacked.Sancho quarreled both withhis bishops and with Rome over the paymentof tribute.' PORTUGAL, Sancho I Martino of (I6538)
 
675 From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled 'Sancho III:' 'bynameSANCHO THE DESIRED, Spanish SANCHO EL DESEADO, king of Castilefrom 1157to 1158, the elder son of the Spanish emperor Alfonso VII. 'His father'swill partitioned the realm between his two sons, SanchoIII receivingCastile and Ferdinand II receiving Leon. After amilitary show of force,Sancho was able to reaffirm by treaty thevassalage of Aragon and Navarrewon by his imperial father, but, afterreigning but one year and 11 days,he died.' King Sancho III of Castille (I6513)
 
676 From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled Eleanor ofAquitaine:'also called ELEANOR OF GUYENNE, French âELâEONORE, ORALIâENOR,D'AQUITAINE, OR DEGUYENNE, queen consort of both Louis VII ofFrance(in 1137-52) and Henry II of England (in 1152-1204) and motherofRichard I the Lion-Heart and John of England. She was perhaps themostpowerful woman in 12th-century Europe. 'She died in 1204 at themonastery at Fontevrault, Anjou, where shehad retired after thecampaign at Mirebeau. Her contribution toEngland extended beyond herown lifetime; after the loss of Normandy(1204), it was her ownancestral lands and not the old Normanterritories that remained loyal toEngland. She has been misjudged bymany French historians who have notedonly her youthful frivolity,ignoring the tenacity, political wisdom, andenergy that characterizedthe years of her maturity. 'She was beautifuland just, imposing andmodest, humble and elegant'; and, as the nuns ofFontevrault wrote intheir necrology: a queen 'who surpassed almost allthe queens of theworld.'ELEANOR OF AQUITAINE (1122-1204) was one of themost importantrulers of Medieval Europe. Many noblewomen in the MiddleAges were well-educated. but Eleanor hadthe chance to use her educationat a time when European politics wasdominated by men. When she was justfifteen, Eleanor's father died, and she inheritedAquitaine. the largestkingdom in France. That same year she marriedKing Louis VII and becameQueen of France. Although still a teenager,Eleanor was an impressivefigure--beautiful, very well-educated, andfearlessly independent. WhenLouis went off on the Crusades, she went with him, travelingthousands ofmiles, much of it through hostile lands. But Eleanor and Louis had nomale heir, and tensions developed betweenthem. The Pope granted them adivorce when Eleanor was twenty-nine.Within months. Eleanor marriedHenry Plantagent, her ex-husband's mainrival. Two years later Henrybecame King of England--and Eleanor was aqueen again. However, Henrysoon fell in love with another woman, and Eleanor leftEngland to set upher own court in Aquitaine, which she still ruled.Troubadours from allover France flocked to her palace at Poitiers,where Eleanor acted aspatron of the arts. Many of the ideas ofchivalry that we associate withthe Middle Ages were developed inEleanor's court..------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Some say KingLewis carried her into the Holy Land, where shecarried herself not veryholily, but led a licentious life; and, whichis the worst kind oflicentiousness, in carnal familiarity with aTurk. OF AQUITAINE, Eleanore (I6492)
 
677 From Encylcopedia Britannica Online article titled: 'DermotMacmurrough:''Irish Diarmaid Macmurchada...Irish king of Leinster whose appeal totheEnglish for help in settling an internal dispute led to theAnglo-Normaninvasion and conquest of Ireland by England. 'After succeeding to thethrone of his father, Enna, in 1126, Dermotfaced a number of rivals whodisputed his claim to the kingship. Heestablished his authority bykilling or blinding 17 rebel chieftainsof northern Leinster in 1141. In1153 he abducted the wife of TiernanO'Ruark, king of Breifne (moderncounties of Leitrim and Cavan). 'A bitter feud ensued, and in 1166Dermot was driven from Ireland.King Henry II of England then granted theexiled ruler permission toenlist the aid of several Anglo-Norman lordsof south Wales, notablyRichard de Clare, 2nd earl of Pembroke. Returningto Leinster in 1167with an advance party of Anglo-Normans, Dermotestablished a footholdthere. Pembroke arrived in August 1170, and Dermotthen helped theinvaders capture Dublin. Dermot married his daughter Evato Pembroke,and at Dermot's death Pembroke succeeded as ruler ofLeinster.' MACMURROUGH, King Diarmat Of Leinster (I6569)
 
678 from England with his two brothers. BRAGDON, Benoni (I952)
 
679 from the area of Picardy, (now in Vendee), along the English Channel.Married in France to Marie Laurence. Confirmed as being in Quebec onOctober 8, 1659, at 40 years of age. He was a mechant in the city ofQuebec. Working for the Jesuites about 1645 and abt 1647 EustacheLambert had a 'dit' name of Champagne. He came over with his brotherPierre, who was killed by the Iroquois on October 20, 1663 and buried atChateau-Richer. Eustache came to New France as a 'donne' or layassistant to the Company of Jesus (Jesuits) and was a faithful companionof Father Gabriel Lalemant S.J., today known as Saint Gabriel Lalemant,one of the Canadian holy martyrs. Eustache was born in 1618 in Boulognein the province of Picardy in France, in a place known as Pas de Calais.From 1645 to 1647 he was in the company of the Jesuit Fathers on theirdistant and perilous mission to the West. On their mission to spread theGood News of Jesus to the different peoples that inhabited the countryat that time, the missionaries were supposed to establish posts ormissions as places where the people could convene together. This is whatthey did in this distant corner of New France, and gave the mission thename of Sainte-Marie. However, in 1649, facing the menace of theIroquois who had already caused the martydom of some missionaries, theyhad to abandon the settlement of Sainte-Marie and set fire to it toavoid it's desecration. Unfortunatly, Eustache Lambert didn't know howto write, but he was gifted with remarkable intelligence. He veryquickly learned the Huron language and became an excellent interpreter,a skill which proved to be very useful to the missionaries. He was alsoskillful with a sword and rifle. In 1653, he was in command of the campwhich was organized several years prior to protect the capital (Quebec).His courage and his dedication guided him. In 1653, when the city ofTrois-Rivieres was attacked by about 500 Iroquois, Eustache commanded adetachment of fifty men sent from Quebec to aid in the defense of thecity. According to the historian Monsieur Sulte, Eustache Lambert wasthe first commander of a militia corps in Canada. The first colonizersat that time were given land grants and permitted to become propertyholders which is how Eustache acquired a tract of land on December 15,1652 in the territory held by the lord of Lauzon, and the contract wasapproved by mr. Lauzon-Charny on October 11, 1653. That piece of landcomprised eight acres of frontage along the Saint Laurence River and was40 acres deep. A fishery had been established on that land earler. Theonly obligation imposed on the new land owner was that he give back tothe lord each year a tecnth of the eels that he caught. In exchange thelord was to furnish the barrels and the salt. Marie was buried in thecemetary that then existed in the cellars of the Cathedral-Bascilica. Hewas buried in the old (now gone) St-Joseph cemetery next to theCathedral-Bascilica of Quebec." LAMBERT, Eustache Sieur de Ste-Marie (I4647)
 
680 From The Complete Peerage, Vol, VII, p. 523-525: 'When very young heaccompanied Duke William to England anddistinguished himself at thebattle of Hastings, and received larggrants of lands in co. Warwick,with smaller holdings in cos.Leicester, Northants, and Wilts. On 14July 1080, as Robert deBellomonte, he witnessed the foundation charterof Lessay, and nextyear he inherited from his mother's family the comteof Meulan.Thereafter he is continuously styled Count (Comes) of Meulan.Afterthe death of the Conqueror he adhered to William Rufus, and washighin favour at his court. He quarrelled with Robert of Normandyaboutthe castellanship of Brionne, in consequence of the exchangeofBrionne for Ivry made by his father. He was imprisoned, butwasreleased at the intercession of his father Roger, whoeventuallysucceeded in obtaining Brionne in fee. He succeeded to thegreaterpart of his father's lands in Normandy, including Beaumont,Pont-Audemer, Vatteville and Brionne. This paternal inheritance, addedtohis French comte and his great possessions in cos. WarwickandLeicester, made him one of the most powerful vassals of the Crown.Hebecame one of the chief lay ministers of William Rufus, with whomhesided against Robert Courtheuse in 1098, and when William invadedtheFrench Verin in 1097 he received his troops in his fortresses ofthecomte of Meulan. After the death of William Rufus he became oneofthe chief advisers of Henry I. On the death of Ives de GrandmesnilonCrusade, Robert retained his estates, which Ives had mortgaged tohimcirca 1102. Thereby he acquired one-quarter of the town of Leicester,the whole of which was later granted to him by the King. Robertthusadded largely to his already vast possessions. In 1104 he was oneofthe Norman barons who adhered to Henry on his arrival in Normandy.Hewas present in the King's army at Tenchebrai, 28 Sep. 1106. In1110he was besieged at Meulan by Louis VI, who took the castle bystorm,but in the following year he retaliated by a raid on Paris, whichheplundered. After obtaining thewhole town of Leicester he is saidtohave become Earl of Leicester, but, being already Count of Meulan,wasnever so styled.' He was the Seigneur of Beaumont, Pont-Audemer,Vatteville and Brionne,Count of Meulan in the French Vexin Seigneur ofBeaumont,Pont-Audemer, Vatteville and Brionne, Count of Meulan in theFrenchVexin DE BEAUMONT, Earl Robert (I6498)
 
681 FROM www.britannica.com Austrasia the eastern Frankish kingdom in theMerovingian period (6th-8th century AD) of early medieval Europe, asdistinct from Neustria, the western kingdom. Its mayors of the palace,leading household and government officials under the king, wereancestors of the Carolingian dynasty. Covering present northeasternFrance and areas of western and central Germany, the kingdom includedthe old homeland of the Ripuarian (Rhineland) Franks. Ruled from 561 to613 by Sigebert I and his descendants, it was briefly reunited with theother Frankish kingdoms in the early 7th century. From 634, whenDagobert, sole king of the Franks from 629, gave to the Austrasians hisson Sigebert III as their separate king, Austrasia had its fixed capitalat Metz and its own mayor of the palace. Its ascendancy over the otherFrankish kingdoms was assured when the Carolingian Austrasian mayor ofthe palace, Pepin II, defeated the Neustrians at Tertry in 687. Hisgrandson, Pepin III the Short, in 751 deposed the last Merovingian kingand was himself elected king instead. See also Merovingian dynasty.

Profession : Maire.du.palais d'Austrasie (679) & de Neustrie (680). 
D'HERSTAL, Pépin II (I5704)
 
682 FROM: Ginger Buck , .Buck Family Tree,gingerbuck database (Nov 27, 2000), www.RootsWeb.com -- Internet,RootsWeb World Connect Project. His ancestry is disputed. He isprobably the Biblical Darda SON OF ZERAH, Dardanus King of Dardania (I726)
 
683 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Art Ean-Fhear Alternate name forms: Art Eanfhear ,rt Ean-Fhear, Artt A'enfer, ArtAoinfhear, Art Aenfer (the Solitary). Son of Conn of the HundredBattles #110. Married Maedhbh Leathdearg (Meadbh Leithderg), thedaughter of Conann Cualann; from this Queen, Rath Maedhbhe, near Tara,obtained its name [Descendants of Milesius on the Hynes Clan web site].Ancestor of O'Hart. Fell in the battle of Magh Mucruimhe, by Maccon[Lughaidh #113] and his foreigners. Seven sons of Art's sister, Sadhbh,daughter of Conn, whose father was Oilioll Olum, fell in the samebattleƒ_'against their half brother, Lughadh Maccon.?4?? It was BeinneBrit, King of Britain, who laid violent hands upon them. Beinne wasslain by Lughaidh Lagha in revenge of his relatives. Father of Cormac#115. MAC CONN, Art Ean-Fhear 112th King of Ireland (I617)
 
684 FROM: James H.L. Lawler , .Family genealogy of Lawler,www.GBNF.com -- Internet. Fighting Kings of Wessex, G.P. Baker: Angelnis still on themap today, the seat of the ancient tribe of Angles, wholater went toEngland. It is on the eastern coast of the Danishpeninsula, justwhere, opposite the islands, the broken coast turnsaround towardMecklenburg, between Flensborg & Slesvik, north of KielBay. They wereclose neighbors of the Swaefe to the SE (later theSwabians ofmedieval Germany) & of the Langobardi to the south (who laterdriftedto Italy & became known as the dreaded Lombards). FROM: JamesH.L. Lawler , .Family genealogy of Lawler,www.GBNF.com -- Internet. Fighting Kings of Wessex, G.P. Baker: Angelnis still on themap today, the seat of the ancient tribe of Angles, wholater went toEngland. It is on the eastern coast of the Danishpeninsula, justwhere, opposite the islands, the broken coast turnsaround towardMecklenburg, between Flensborg & Slesvik, north of KielBay. They wereclose neighbors of the Swaefe to the SE (later theSwabians ofmedieval Germany) & of the Langobardi to the south (who laterdriftedto Italy & became known as the dreaded Lombards).

Person Source 
AV DEN ANGLES, Offa (I149)
 
685 FROM: P L Kessler , ...The History Files, HomePublishing A(c)1999, www.users.globalnet.co.uk\\_plk\\history.htm,Internet. c.445 Although Gwynedd remains whole politically, the landwithin it is divided between Cunedda's surviving sons, who then operateas sub-kings to Einion Yrth. Ceredig ap Cunedda already rules inindependent Ceredigion. A further sub-kingdom, Rhos, is added in c.480.-------------------------------------------------- FROM: MatthewGeneological Research Foundation , ..Matthew Geneological ResearchFoundation Web Site, www.users.qwest.net/~butchmatt, Internet. CuneddaGwledig, (the Imperator), born abt. 380 in Manaw Gododdin, Scotland, 1stnative ruler of Cyrury after the Romans left in 410. Married Gwawl ferchCoel Hen, (High-King of Northern Britain) born abt. 384. CuneddaGwledig Much has been written about this Cunedda who came to Gwynedd inNorth West Wales from among the men of the North. The inhabitants ofSouthern Scotland. Cunedda, the Atavus of Maelgwn Gwyneed came with atleast 8 sons and maybe up to 12 and one grandson from Manaw Gododdin anddrove the irish out of Gwynedd. The only place where Cunedda's own nameis found is in Allt Cunedda near Cydweli, considered amoung thefound-fathers of the Welsh Nation. Cunedda's family had been importantin Scotland for generations. His fathers name was Edern, His grandfatherwas Padarn Peisrudd and his great grandfather Tegid. Cunedda gave hissons Latin names. Called Gwledig, or Over-King, the perpetuator of thecommand and authority of the Dux Britanniarum. He was the first nativeruler of the Cymry after the retirement of the Romans in 410. His powerextended from Carlisle to Wearmouth, his court being held at the formerplace. His retinue consisted of 900 horses, and he wore the golden beltand other insignia of the office of Over-King. He was a fervent Catholicand converted his subjects to Christianity; his descendants were, manyof them, ecclesiastics, who organised the Church in his Kingdom. CuneddaWledig (or Cunedag) hailed from Manau Gododdin, a sub-division of thegreater Kingdom of Gododdin (Lothian) in modern Scotland. His capitalmay have been in the Clackmannan region. His father, grandfather andgreat grandfather bore Roman names and were probably confederate alliesof the Roman Administration living just north of Hadrian's Wall. Theappendage to Paternus' name is particularly telling. Like many prominentmen of his era, Cunedda claimed descent from Beli Mawr, the CelticSun-God, throught his son, Lludd Llaw Ereint, God of Healing andgrandson, Afallach, God of the Underworld. Excerts from 'TheFlame-Bearers Of Welsh History' That man is Cunedda the First, orCunedda the Great, for great he must have been. The oldest piece ofliterature we have is the poem in which his bard bewails his death,singing of his might and his conquest of Bernicia, when he captured thegreat Southern Wall, and so made himself King of Upper Britain. It islikely he was a Pict. But it must be remembered that up there, betweenthe Walls, a Pict might be either an Ivernian, or a Goidel, or aBrython, so far as race went. It only meant that he belonged to thefree tribes from beyond the Northern Wall, some of which still practisedtattooing. The old province between the Walls had become alive withlittle states, homes of raiders and killers. The Picts of Galloway hadmarked themselves off from the rest. The Picts of Manau of the Gododin(meaning the Southern Shore of the Forth) were leaders of hordes fromthe wilderness behind them. The sea rovers had fortified the island ofInchkeith in the Forth. Whichever way the Latin looked, with his faceturned north or west from the watchtowers of Carlisle, there the gleamof weapons flashed across the land by day, and the glare of burningsreddened the clouds of night. There is small doubt but that it was outof the gleam and the glare that Cunedda came to the throne as king,seizing the office of the old Duke of Britain. The greater the dangeris, the greater the joy of shattering it. The more terrible thethreatening of fate, the sweeter the pleasure of defeating it. It wasby mastering all the ferocious hordes of the invaders that Cunedda couldcapture and keep the power. Doubtless he was come of the blood of theirown ancient kings, either Brython or Goidel, but he seized the Romanoffice too, and thereby stepped into the history of the world. He livedin the same time with that of Vortigern of Projecting Lips, who wasdriven from his throne in the south. But while the one was losing histhrone, the other was settling himself so firmly in the land that hisblood was never to be extinguished in it again. Thus, Cunedda seizedthe office of Dux Britanniarum, or Duke of Britain. Thus he kept it,having his royal court at Carlisle on the Southern Wall, and his sonskeeping his frontiers.ll the old splendour of the Ruler of Britain wasseen again. He wore the golden belt of the office, and had the old plumeof feathers carried before him when he walked. The old retinue of ninehundred horse went with him when he rode, and the old red golden dragonwas borne above him when he went to war, as the silver dragon went withthe Count of Britain in the South. And when you see the Red DragonRampant, on a green ground, remember that an ancient poem, written acentury after Cunedda's death, speaks of the green standard of hisdescendants. Cunedda, then, was the second of the flame-bearers.Excerts from 'Land Of My Fathers' by Gwynfor Evans It may have beenbecause of the danger that the Irish might take over the country thatCunedda moved down around 300-400 AD from Manaw Gododdin, near Stirlingin Scotland; perhaps indeed he was directed to Wales for this purpose asone of the Dukes of Britain. Cunedda and his army probably came by sea,for it was very difficult to travel through Lancashire with its bogs,forests and large rivers. According to the history given by Nennius, itwas the coming of Cunedda with his eight sons and grandson at the turnof the fourth century which was the most important event in theformation of Wales since the first century. Assuming that Nennius wascorrect, it is the memory of the sons-including Ceredig and Edern, andthe grandson Meirion-which still lives in the names of districts; butthe only place where Cunedda's own name is found is in Allt Cunedda nearCydweli. The family of Gwynedd, the principal royal line of Wales,claimed descent from Cunedda through Maelgwn Gwynedd, his greatgrandson, down to Prince Dafydd who was executed in Shrewsbury in 1283 -a pedigree of more than seven centuries. It is Cunedda Wledig, aBrython of Pictish descent, who came to Wales from Scotland, who ismainly responsible for the Welshness of Wales. His family had beenimportant in Scotland for generations: his father's name was Edern, hisgrandfather was Padarn Peisrudd, and his great-grandfather Tegid. TheLatin forms of the names-Eternus, Paternus, Tacitus - suggest Romanassociations, and this is made clearer by the word Peisrudd in thegrandfather's name, the pais rudd or red cloak showing Roman office.Cunedda gave his sons Latin names. It is possible that he was calledupon to defend Wales by Mascen or by the able Roman general Stilicho,was was reorganising the defence of England about this time. Like thierfather, two of Cunedda's sons and his grandson had Christian names. Itcan reasonably be deduced from this that Cunedda was a Christian. Thiscould have been an additional inducement for sending him to Wales wherehis coming marks the opening of the early Middle Ages. He must havebeen an able solider and leader to have been able to organise asuccessful invasion and settlement from so far away, and to establishfoundations which remained strong for so many centuries. AP EDERN, Cunedda Gwledig King of Gwynedd and North Wales (I20)
 
686 FROM: Britannia Internet Magazine, www.britannia.com, Internet. St.Ursula (born c.AD 305)(Welsh-Ursula, Latin-Ursula, English-Ursula)Though there are no ancient dedications to her in Britain, Ursula issaid to have been a British Princess. After her father, 'King' Donaut,agreed to her marriage with Governor Conan Meriadoc of Armorica(Brittany), she set sail to join him along with 11,000 virginalhandmaidens. However, a miraculous storm brought them over the sea in asingle day to a Gaulish port, where Ursula declared that before hermarriage she would undertake a pan-European pilgrimage. Together, theBritish maidens headed for Rome where Ursula persuaded Pope Cyriacus andSulpicius, Bishop of Ravenna to join her happy band of followers. Shewas later welcomed Pantulus, Bishop of Basle & Jaques, Bishop of Liege,and 'King' Ethereus arrived from Britain with Prince Conan himself.Together, they set out for Cologne which was being besieged by Huns. Ina dreadful massacre, the Huns beheaded all the virgins and, with bow &arrow, their leader shot St. Ursula dead. Ursula and her virgins wereburied in Cologne where a great church is dedicated to her. Conan, herhusband, apparently survived. Generally considered legendary. AP DONAUT, Ursula of Dumnonia (I495)
 
687 From: Corbett [bruce.lida.corbett@sympatico.ca]Sent: April 26, 2004 19:25To: Miousse, Andree; Kristann; Joyce Boudreau; Joel Morin;joanne.boudreau@scotiabank.com; Jennifer A. Leduc; Cathy & Ray Boudreau>; Carol Douglas Subject: Baby News Dear Family,I missed my firstscheduled game of golf because of Alexis! She delivered a healthy andbeautiful daughter, 7 lbs 13 oz, on Friday night. Her name is Maya(Greek for beautiful one), Michelle, Lida. Michelle is Dino's deceasedmother's name ( she died when he was 14). We are very proud and pleasedfor them. We had gone over Thursday night because of a false alarm tolook after Grant and when she went in on Friday, we took Grant home withus. We looked after him until Sunday then slept in 'til 8:30 thismorning!!! ( Monday). It does take two of us to look after him but heis nevertheless such a delight that we don't pass up anyopportunity.This is just a short bulletin. Pictures etc to follow.Lovebruce & lida Source (S219)
 
688 FROM: Craig Althof , .Craig's Colonials and Kahunas,calthof database (May 26, 2000), www.RootsWeb.com -- Internet, RootsWebWorld Connect Project. Line contrinues primarily in Mercia. FROM: CraigAlthof , .Craig's Colonials and Kahunas, calthofdatabase (May 26, 2000), www.RootsWeb.com -- Internet, RootsWeb WorldConnect Project. Line contrinues primarily in Mercia.

Person Source 
AV WODEN, Wihtlaeg son King of the Angeln (I147)
 
689 FROM: Encyclopedia Britannica, www.britannica.com, Internet. Entry:Franconia. Franconia German Franken, one of the five great stem, orStamm (tribal), duchiesƒ_'the other four being Saxony, Lotharingia(Lorraine), Swabia, and Bavariaƒ_'of early medieval Germany. Today it isdivided between Rhenish Franconia, now located in the Lander (states) ofRhineland-Palatinate, Baden-WUrttemberg, and Hesse, and East Franconia,now in the Lander of Baden-WUrttemberg and Bavaria. The Franks forciblysettled the region from the early 6th century AD, and in the early 8thcentury the Merovingian dynasty claimed it as a royal demesne (crownland). After the division of the Carolingian empire under the Treaty ofVerdun in 843, Franconia became the nucleus of the East Frankish(German) kingdom, and, when the Carolingian line died out, Franconia'sduke became the first elected German king as Conrad I (911ƒ_'918). In919 the German crown passed to a Saxon dynasty. Franconia remained aroyal demesne nurturing no strong ducal dynasty, and their tenure of itprovided a support to German kings and Holy Roman emperors. By the 12thcentury, the name had come to refer only to East Franconia.

Person Source 
VON FRANCONIA, Richemeres Duke of Franconia (I336)
 
690 FROM: Encyclopedia Britannica, www.britannica.com, Internet. Ringerikekommune (cocommune Ringerik)

FROM: Encyclopedia Britannica, www.britannica.com, Internet. Ringerikekommune (tommune) and geographic region, Buskerud fylke (county),southeastern Norway, just northwest of Oslo. The region covers a totalarea of 600 square miles (1,553 square km) adjacent to the northernshore of Tyri Lake and northward to Rands Lake. The Ringerike wasinhabited as early as AD 200 and existed as a petty kingdom in the 8thand 9th centuries. During the 10th century Norway's greatest earlykings, Olaf I Trygvasson and Olaf II Haraldsson, grew up at Bonsnes inRingerike. When Christianity was established in the region during thatcentury, a form of art emerged known as Ringerike style: this was aunique style of ornamentation on wood, stone, and metal that used plantforms as the basis of the designs. The Ringerike region had aflourishing timber industry that peaked in the 17th century. Throughoutthe 19th and early 20th centuries, lead mining was carried out in theregion, and by 1870 one-seventh of the world's lead came from localmines. Today, agriculture, lumbering, and wood-pulp mills are the maineconomic activities; ample hydroelectric power is produced by the Begnaand Rands rivers. Pop. (1990 est.) commune, 27,288. 
RAUMSSONN, Hring King in Ringerik (I289)
 
691 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Aenghus Tuirmheach Teamhrach Alternate name forms:AEneas Turmeach-Teamrach, A'engus Tuirmech, A'engus Turbech, AongusTurmeach-Teamrach, Aonghus III (Tuirmheach), Aongus (or A+neas)Tuirmeach-Teamrach, Angus Tuirbheach; Aonghusa turmigh m Echachfoiltletain m Oilella caisfhiaclaigh m Connla cruaidcelgaigh (O'Clery) Died at Teamhair. One source says he was murdered. 'Hisson, Fiacha Firmara (so called from being exposed in a small boat on thesea).' Aenghus was ancestor of the Kings of Dalriada, and Argyle inScotland.' Descendants of Milesius on the Hynes Clan web site. Aenghus, under the name of Angus Turbech ofTara, is the First king of Dal Riada listed in the Book of Ballymote. See my table of ScotsKings , #53 in the table of thekings of Dal Riada.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC EOCHAIDH, Aongus Tuirmeach Angus II 81st Monarch of Ireland (I599)
 
692 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Aengus Olmucadha Alternate name forms:Aongus (orAEneas) Ollmucach), A'engus A'lmuccaid, A'engusa A'lmuccada, AongusOllmuchach, Aonghus I (Olmucadha), Aongus Olmucach, Aonghus OllbhuadhachFelled by Enna Airgtheach. He went into Scotland with a strong army andfought 30 battles to again force Scotland to pay tribute. MAC FIACHA, Aongus Olmucach Angus I 20th King of Ireland at (I578)
 
693 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Asgaine Mor Alternate name forms: Ugaine More(Hugony the Great), Ugaine Ma, Ughaine Mor Son of Eochaidh Buadhach[Asgaine MA3r m. Echach Buadaig 652], son of Duach Ladhgrach #59.Married to Ceasir Chruthach, daughter of the king of the French,according to the Book of Invasions. Went to conquer France. He held swayover the islands of western Europe. He divided Ireland among 22 sons and3 daughters. Slain by Badhbhchadh, also a son of of Eochaidh Buadhach,and the brother of Ugaine More.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC EOCHAIDH, Asgaine MAr 66th King of Ireland at Tara (I592)
 
694 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Conn of the Hundred Battles #110 Alternate nameforms: Conn Ceadcatha, Conn Ceadcathach; ('Conn of the Hundred Fights'),Conn Cetchathach mc Feidelmid, Con Read Cead Chathach, Conn Ceadchatach,Conn Cedeathach (the Hundred fighter) Son of Feidhlimidh Reachtmhar#108 and Una, daughter of the king of Lochloinn. Married to Eithne. Connand Eoghan Mor, also called Mogha Nuadhad, fought a great battle atMaynooth in 123 AD and split Ireland in half. 'Resulting from thisbattle, Mogha forced Conn to divide Ireland with him into two equalparts by the boundary of Esker Riada, a long ridge of hills from Dublinto Galway, the south part he termed his and called it after his ownname, Leath Mogha, or 'Mogha's Half of Ireland'. The northern part wascalled Leath Cuinn, or Conn's Half.' 'Conn also gave his daughter,Sadbh, in marriage to Oiloll Olum, Son of Eoghan Mor.' Descent from theGreat Kings of Ireland. 'Conn's life and reign were ended by hisassassination at Tara. Fifty robbers hired by the king of Ulster, cameto Tara, dressed as women, and treacherously despatched the Monarch.' AHistory of the Irish Race. Another version of his death is: Slain byTibraite (Tiobraide) Tireach, son of Mal #107, son of Rochraidhe[Tipraiti Tirech la mc Mail m. Rochride 696], King of Ulster, at TuathAmrois. Father of Art #112.

Person Source 
MAC FEILIM, Conn Ceadcatha 110th King of Ireland (I613)
 
695 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Crimhthann Niadhnair Alternate name forms:Crimthann Niadh-Nar, Crimthan Nuadh-Nar, Ilair Cheting, CriomhthannNia Nar, Crimthann (or Criffan) Nia Nair Son of Lughaidh Sriabh nDearg#98. Married to Nar-Tath-Chaoch or Nar Tuathchuach (Baine, daughter ofthe King of Alba, and the mother of Feredach), daughter of Laoch, son ofDaire, who lived in the land of the Picts (Cruitheantuaith, Scotland).Married Baine (or Naira)daughter of Loich, son of Dareletus, king of the Northern Picts (alsoreferred to as Laoch, son of Daire who lived in the land of the Picts;i.e. Scotland). His son was Feareadach Fionn Feachtnach Feredach #102.Died in 9 A.D. at Dun Crimhthainn, at Edair, as a result of falling froma horse, after returning from a famous expedition Ļ'+probably hisexpedition to Britain and Gaul to assist the Picts and Britains in theirwars with the Romans.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC LUGHAIDH, Crimthann Niadh-Nar 100th King of Ireland at Tara (I608)
 
696 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Enna Aighneach Alternate name forms: EannaAigneach, Enna Airgdech, Enna Airgtech, Enda Agneach, Eanna III(Aigneach), Enna Aigneach Son of Aenghus Tuirmeach #81. Slain byCrimhthann Cosgrach.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC AONGUS, Eanna Aigneach 84th King of Ireland at Tara (I600)
 
697 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Eochaidh Ailtleathan Alternate name forms: EochaidhAltleathan, Eochu Altlethan, Eochaidh VIII (Ailtleathan), EochaidhAlt-Leathan, Eachaidh Foiltleathan, Eochy 'of the Long Hair'; Echachfoiltletain m Oilella caisfhiaclaigh m Connla cruaidcelgaigh m Irereogleofhataigh (O'Clery ) Son of Oilioll Caisfhiaclach #77.Slain by Fearghus Fortamhail #80.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC OLIOLL, Eochaidh Altleathan Eochiadh II 79th King of Ireland (I598)
 
698 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Eochaidh Feidhleach Alternate name forms: EochaidhFeidlioch, Eochu Feidlech, Eochaidh X (Feidhliach), Eochaidh Feidlioch,Eochaidh Feidhlioch, Eochaidh Fedlec, Eochaid Feidlech. Feidhleach meansconstant sighing Son of Finn,son of Finnlogha [m. Find m. Fintain m. Findguill 678]. son of RoighnenRuadh, son of Easamasn Easmhna, son of Blathacht, son of Labraidh Lorc,son of Enna Aighneach #84. Died at Teamhair Tara. Father of theamazonian Maeve (or Medb ),the first wife of Conor Mac Nessa, King of Ulster at the time of thecrucifixion of Christ, and grandson of Ruadhraighe. Conor separated fromher and she became Queen of Connaught by marrying Ailill mac Matach, theking. Conor found his happiness with her sister, Ethne, whom he took towife then, and who proved to all that was indicated by her name - Ethne,that is 'sweet kernel of a nut'.' A History of the Irish Race. The timing would suggestthat the Eochaidh, who was the grandfather-in-law of Connor Mac Nessa,should have reigned later, but Connor MacNessa's reputed grandfather,Ruadhraighe #86, preceded him.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC FIONN, Eochaidh Feidlioch 93rd King of Ireland at Tara (I605)
 
699 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach Alternate name forms:Feareadach Fionnfeachtnach, Feradach Find Fechtnach, FeredachFionn-Feachtnach ; FeredachFechtnac, Feredach Find Fectnach Fedelmid, Feareadach Fionn, Feachtnach Feredach, Feradach Fechtnach mcCrimthaind, Fearadhach Finn, Feradaig Fechtnaig, Fearadach FionnFeachtnach, Feredach Finn Fachtnach Son of Crimhthann Niadhnair orCrimthann-Niadh-Nar #100. King ofCruithentuath, the Irish name given to northern Scotland.Scotlandƒ_(tm)s Early History Part Two. Feredach Find Fectnach;Fedelmid, son of Ilair Cheting is said to havebeen in Emain Macha with the men of Ulster at Bricriu's Feast. Father ofFiacha Finnfolaidh #104. Died a natural death at Tara. Keating, in hislist of the 'chief authors of the Seanchas (recorders of historicaltruth) from age to age, lists 'Fearadach Fionn Feachtnach chief authorfor skill in Ireland.' (book II, section IV).

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC CRIMTHANN, Feredach Fionn Feachtnach 102nd King of Ireland at Tara (I609)
 
700 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Feidhlimidh Reachtmhar #98. Feidhlimedh RechtmharAlternate name forms: Felim Rachtmar, Feideilmid Rechtaid, Felim 'TheLawgiver', Fedhlimidh Rachtmar, Feidhlmidh Rechtman, Fedlimid Rechtmar(Felim the Lawgiver). Son of Tuathal Teachtmhar #106. [Feidelmid mcTuathail Techtmair 693] His mother was Baine, daughter of Scal Cnoc(Scal Balbh). Baine in Oirghialla is named after her, for it was thereshe was interred. Married Ughna daughter of the King of Denmarkƒ_'or Una'daughter of a legendary king of Lachlainn.' Father of Conn of theHundred Battles #110. The pedigrees of the Deisi Mumham flow back to 'm.Fiachach Suigde m. Feideilmid Rechtada m. Tuathal Teachtmar.' FiachaSuidhe was a brother of Conn. 'Died on his pillow.'

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC TUATHAL, Feilim Reachtmar 108th King of Ireland at Tara (I612)
 
701 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Fiacha Finnfolaidh Alternate name forms: FiachaFionn-Ola (Fiach of the White Oxen), Fiachu Findfolaid, FiachaidhFinnoladh, Fiacha Finnola. Son of Fearadhach Finnfeachtnach #102.Killed by the provincial kings (Keating call them 'rustic tribes'), atthe instigation of the Aitheach Tuatha, in the slaughter of Magh Bolg.Foirbre, son of Fin, King of Munster, was among the provincial kings whoslew Fiacha Finnfolaidh. (Keating says their leader was Cairbre Cinncait#101, and says this Cairbre succeeded Fiacha Finnfolaidh.) He left oneson, Tuathal Teachtmhar #106, who, at his death, was in the womb ofEithne, daughter of the King of Alba Scotland. 'This Fiacha was marriedto Eithne, daughter of the King of Alba; whither, being near herconfinement at the death of her husband, she went, and was theredelivered of a son, who was named Tuathal.' #106. Descendants ofMilesius on the Hynes Clan website. Keating notes: 'Know that, according to Stowe's Chronicle, therewere Scots residing in Alba in the year of the Lord 73, very soon afterFiachaidh Fionnoladh held the soverignty of Ireland, and that was beforeCairbre Riada lived.'

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC FEREDACH, Fiacha Fionn Ola 104th King of Ireland at Tara (I610)
 
702 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Fiacha Labhrainne Alternate name forms: FiachaLamhraein, Fiachu Labrinne, Fiachadh I (Labhrainne), Fiachach Labrinne,Fiachadh Lamraein, Fiacha Labhrainn, Fiachaidh Labhruinne [FiachachLabrinne m. Smirguill mc Enbotha m. Tigernmais m. Follaig. 726] Felledby Eochaidh Mumho, son of Mofebis. In the time of Fiacha's father,Smirguil, son of Enbotha, sin of Tighernmas, '... the Picts in Scotlandwere forced to abide by their oath, and pay homage to the IrishMonarch.' During Fiacha's reign '... all the inhabitants of Scotlandwere brought in subjection to the Irish Monarchy, and the conquest wassecured by his son [Aengus Olmucadha #20].' Descendants of Milesius on the Hynes Clan web site.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC SMIOMGHALL, Fiacha Lamhraein 18th Monarch of Ireland at Tara (I577)
 
703 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Giallchaidh Alternate name forms: Giallcadh,Giallchad, Gilallchadh, Gialchadh Son of Olioll Olchain, son of Sirna#34. Fell by Art Imleach, son of Elim Oillfinshneachta #36. [h-ArttInflig m. Ellim Ollfinsnechta. 619]

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC OLIOLL, Gallchadh 37th King of Ireland at Tara (I584)
 
704 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Lughaidh Sriabh nDearg Alternate name forms:Lughaidh Sriabh-n Dearg, Lugaidh Sriabhn Dearg, Lugaid Riab n-Derg,Lugaid Riab Derg (Lewy of the Red Circles). Son of Breas-Nar-Lothar, son of EochaidhFeidhleach #93. Married Dearborguilla, daughter of the King of Denmark,killed himself in 8 B. C. by falling on his sword. His son was CrimthanNuadh-Nar #100. The Annals say he 'died of grief.'

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC FINEAMHAS, Lughaidh Sriabhn Dearg 98th King of Ireland at Tara (I607)
 
705 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Melghe Molbhthach Alternate name forms: MelgMolbhthach, Meilge, Melog Molghthach, Meig Molbhthach Son of CobhthachCael #69 [Meilge mc Cobthaich 656]. Fell by Modhcorb #72.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC COBTHACH, Melg Molbhthach 71st King of Ireland at Tara (I594)
 
706 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Muireadhach Bolgrach Alternate name forms:Muireadach Bolgrach, Muiredach Balccrig, Muiridach Bolgrach, MuredachBolgach, Muireadhach I (Bolgrach) Son of Simon Breac #44 [mc Muiredaichmc SimA3in Bricc m. A_edain Glais 728] Fell by Enda Dearg #47.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC SIMEON, Muireadach Bolgach Tireach 46th King of Ireland at Tara (I588)
 
707 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Nuadhat Finnfail Alternate name forms: NuadhasFionnfail, Nuado Find Fail, Nuadhat II (Fionn Fail), Nuadha Fionn FaILSon of Giallchaidh #37 [Nuad Find Fail m. Giallchada m. AilellaOalchlA3en m. Sirnae Sirsaeglaich m. Dein m. Rothechtada. 727] Fell byBreas #40, son of Art Imleach.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC GIALCADH, Nuadhas Fionnfail 39th King of Ireland at Tara (I585)
 
708 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Oilioll Caisfhiaclach Alternate name forms: OliollCasfiacalach, Ailill Casfiaclach, Oilioll III (Caisfhiaclach), OliollCas-Fiachla, Olioll 'of the Crooked Teeth'; Oilella caisfhiaclaigh mConnla cruaidcelgaigh m Irereo gleofhataigh m Melge molbthaigh (O'Clery) Son of Connla Caemh #76. [mc Condlae 663], son ofIrereo. Slain by Adamair, son of Fearcorb..

Person Source 
MAC CONLA, Olioll Casfiachlach 77th King of Ireland at Tara (I597)
 
709 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Simon Breac Alternate name forms: Simeon Breac,SimA3n Brecc , SimA3inBricc, Simeon Breach, Simeon Breac Son of Aedhan Glas [m. A_edain Glais627], son of Nuadhat Finnfail #39. Fell by Duach Finn, son of SednaInnarraigh, who revenged his father's death by inflicting the samepunishment on Simon Breach that the latter had inflicted upon hisfather; i.e., tearing him asunder.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC AEDAN, Siemon Breac 44th King of Ireland at Tara (I587)
 
710 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Sirna Alternate name forms: Siorghnath Saoghalach,Siorna Saoghalach, Siorna Saoghaileach, Siorna 'Saoghalach' (long?'vus)Son of Dian, son of Deman. [According to Keating, Dian was the son ofRoitheachtaigh #22] After have been a century and a half in thesovereignty of Ireland [Keating says 21 years], fell by Roitheachtaigh#35, son of Roan.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC DEIN, Siorna Saoghalach 34th King of Ireland at Tara (I582)
 
711 FROM: High McGough, Irish Kings, www.magoo.com/hugh/irishkings.html, Aug8, 2001, Internet. Tuathal Teachtmhar other name forms: TuathaTeachdmar , TuathalTechtmar, Tuathal Techtmar mc Fiachach, Tuathal Teachtmair, Tuathal theLegitimate Son of Fiacha Finnfolaidh #104 and Eithne, daughter of theKing of Alba. [m. Fiachach Findfolaid mc Feradaig Fechtnaig mcCrimthainn Niad Naire mc Lugdach Riab n-Derg 738]. Born in Alba. Livedin Scotland until he was 25 years old. 'With the help of his Grandfather[father-in-law?], the King of Alba, and his friends, he went intoIreland and after scores of battles, restored the true royal blood andheirs to their respective provincial kingdoms.' Chief of Meath, chief ofFreamhainn. Married Baine, daughter of Sgaile Balbh, or Scal Cnoc, Kingof England. Said to have annexed the territory around Tara to make Midhe(Meath) the Royal Province. Slain by Mal, son of Rochraidhe. Father ofFeidhlimidh Reachtmhar #108.

Person Source

Person Source 
MAC FIACHA, Tuathal Teachtmar 106th King of Ireland at Tara (I611)
 
712 FROM: http://www.hickling.swinternet.co.uk/ Origins of the name HicklingThe fact that the Mercian royal family was known as Icelingasstrengthens the claim that it was Icel and his son Cnebba Iceling whocame to Britain in AD 499. The Icelingas entered Britain through theestuaries of the Wash and the Trent. They settled in navigable rivervalleys and areas served by Roman canals. Roman influence had wainedsome 100 years earlier although the network of roads and canalsremained. The English settlements became part of a sophisticated andprosperous society never far away from means of communication bynavigable rivers and canals or stone surfaced causeways and roads.Early pagan literature such as Beowulf, supplemented by recentarchaeological discoveries, provide insight into the beliefs of theAngles which were very similar to those of some non-christiancivilizations today. There was a belief in life hereafter and a profoundrespect for their ancestors. The more distant and admired ancestorsassumed in legend the stature of gods, e.g. Tiuw, Woden, Thor and Freyr,after whom the days of the week were named in Anglo-Saxon England. In1997 Northamptonshire archaeologists excavated a pagan and heroic burialin the gravel plain of the Nene Valley at Wollaston. It was the grave ofan Anglian nobleman at the side of a road leading to a Roman vineyardand has been dated about AD 650. The most important content of the gravewas a boar-crested helmet like those so often referred to in Beowulf.The boar which symbolised strength and was associated with the goddessFreyr would have been worn by Ickeling leaders of the time. 'He was anobleman and the boar insignia on his helmet could mean that he was aprince. He appears to have died when middle-aged, so he had probablybecome a war leader by fighting many bloody battles in his youth. Hewould have grown up in a village, living in a timber-framed long-housewith a thatched roof. As an aristocrat he would have learned how tofight with a spear and sword from an early age. He would have honed hisskills hunting wild boar, deer, bear and wolf in the forests thatcovered the country. As he grew older he would have carved out a namefor himself leading bands of men into war against rival tribes. After ahard day of hunting and pillaging he would have come home to his wivesand children. A goat, sheep or part of a cow would be thrown into thelong-hut's cauldron and his band would drink beer, mead or wine. Theprince would have led a very war-like lifestyle. Even when he died hissword was buried with hime to prepare him for a similar existence in theafter-life.' Prof. R Cramp of Durham University, England. From meagresurviving records it appears that the first king of Mercia was Creodaruling from 585 and he was an Ickeling. He was succeeded by his sonPybba in 597. The most famous Ickeling and last of the 'old paganreligion' was king Penda (582-654) and his genealogy links him withWoden and his spouse Freyr. The penny coin is named after him. Aformidable ruler he rivalled the power of the Christian Northumbriankings. The rivalry between the two kingdoms was notorious. Penda haddefeated and killed Edwin in 633 and Oswald in 642. Both Penda and hisspouse Cyneuise remained lifelong adherents to their inherited beliefsat a time when the conversion of the English to Christianity wasproceeding apace. Their eldest son Peada had been made Prince of theMiddle Angles by Penda. In 653, Peada along with all the Middle Anglesbecame Christian converts in order to marry Alchfled, daughter ofPenda's rival, king Oswy of Northumbria. This did not deter Penda fromcontinuing his campaigns against Northumbria and in the following yearon 15 Nov 654, Penda was defeated and killed at the battle of the riverWinwaed by Oswy and this was hailed by Bede as a victory for Christ overthe pagan gods. SOURCES: Bede: Ecclesiastical History of the EnglishNation, The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Beowulf. The 'Pioneer' Burial: IanMeadows: Current Archaeology 154. Northampton Chronicle & Echo, 23 April1997. Prof Rosemary Cramp of Durham University. FROM:http://www.bartleby.com/, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001 Anglo-Saxons name given to the Germanic-speaking peoples whosettled in England after the decline of Roman rule there. They werefirst invited by the Celtic King Vortigern, who needed help fighting thePicts and Scots. The Angles (Lat. Angli), who are mentioned in TacitusGermania, seem to have come from what is now Schleswig in the laterdecades of the 5th cent. Their settlements in the eastern, central, andnorthern portions of the country were the foundations for the laterkingdoms known as East Anglia, Mercia , and Northumbria. The Saxons, aGermanic tribe who had been continental neighbors of the Angles, alsosettled in England in the late 5th cent. after earlier marauding foraysthere. The later kingdoms of Sussex, Wessex, and Essex were theoutgrowths of their settlements. The Jutes, a tribe about whom verylittle is known except that they probably came from the area around themouths of the Rhine, settled in Kent and the Isle of Wight. TheAnglo-Saxons eventually formed seven separate kingdoms known as theheptarchy. The term 'Anglo-Saxons' was first used in Continental Latinsources to distinguish the Saxons in England from those on theContinent, but it soon came to mean simply the 'English'. The morespecific use of the term to denote the non-Celtic settlers of Englandprior to the Norman Conquest dates from the 16th cent. In more moderntimes it has also been used to denote any of the people (or theirdescendants) of the British Isles. Heptarchy (hpA'tark)[Gr.,=seven-kingdom], name traditionally applied to the kingdoms ofAnglo-Saxon England in the period prior to the Danish conquests of the9th cent. The term was probably first used by 16th-century writers whobelieved that in those early years England was divided into sevenkingdomsĻ'?orthumbria, East Anglia, Mercia, Essex, Sussex, Wessex, andKent. Actually the political and geographical divisions were neither soorderly nor permanent. At one time (c.600) there appear to have been asmany as 12 independent states, but the number of kingdoms, theirboundaries, and their political status shifted constantly throughoutthis period.

Person Source 
ANGLES, Icel of the King of the Angles (I530)
 
713 FROM: http://www.tamworthcastle.freeserve.co.uk Tamworth Castle - TheGreat Little English Castle 795-821 AD: Coenwulf, King of Mercia. 814AD: Coenwulf of Mercia signs two charters 'in vico celeberimmo quivocatur Tomoworthing'. Tamworth Castle is a Norman motte and baileycastle set in the south-west corner of what was a Saxon burh, it'slocated to dominate the approach over the two rivers which meet belowthe Castle. Its sandstone walls and superb herringbone wall - all thatsurvives of the 'curtain wall' of the bailey are believed to date fromthe 1180s. They replaced a palisade and wooden tower, built on thepresent artificial mound shortly after the Norman Conquest of 1066.Numerous additions and alterations have been made to the castle bysucceeding generations of owners. Until in the late 1890's, MarquisTownshend decided to sell the Castle by auction. Tamworth Corporationpurchased it to mark Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee in 1897. Thepurchase price of Aœ3000 was later raised by public subscription and theCastle was formally opened and dedicated to the public two years later.

Person Source 
OF MERCIA, Ceolwulf King of Mercia (I514)
 
714 FROM: Matthew Geneological Research Foundation , ..Matthew GeneologicalResearch Foundation Web Site, www.users.qwest.net/~butchmatt, Internet. Lludd Llaw Encint (or Llud) (the silver handed), born Britain abt. 80b.c.. (c) Legendary king of the British mentioned in Geoffrey ofMonmouth's History. Lud is listed as the eldest son of Heli (or Beli),and the brother of the historically real Caswallon, which would placeLud's existence at about 60BC. Lud was that rare combination of warriorking and town planner. He rebuilt New Troy, or Trinovantum as it wasthen known, and renamed it KaerLud after him. This became Lud's Town orLondon. When he died he was buried by the city wall where Ludgate isnamed after him. There is a story of Lud in the Welsh tale 'Lludd andLlefelys' collected in the Mabinogion, wherein Lud consults his brotherLlefelys on how to combat three supernatural plagues that are smitingBritain. He succeeds in defeating the source of the plagues and rulespeacefully thereafter. This tale, like that of Merlin's, to which it isclosely related, may be about a real British prince who ruled later thanGeoffrey's Lud, possible in the first or second centruy AD. He hasbecome remembered in Welsh legend as the Celtic god Llud, also known asNudd, the Celtic form of Nodens. A temple to Nodens was built at Lydneyin Gloucestershire, where there are other places starting with Lyd-, andwhich may have some relation to a local prince who assumed the name Lud.Lludd Llaw Encint (the silver handed) Called Nodens by the Romans, wasthe Celtic god of Healing. He had a large shrine at Lydney inGloucesterhire, where the devoted made offerings of small bronzerepresentations of their deseased limbs. He was sometimes identifiedwith the protective Mars or the regenerative Silvanus and his companionand symbol was the dog: a deerhound whose lick could cure the afflicted.An old story explains his connection with amputees. At one time, Lluddwas the leader of the gods, but he was wounded in battle and lost hishand. Gorfannon, the divine-smith, made him a new one out of Silver, buthe was still forced to abdicate in favour of his nephew, Lleu LlawGyffes. Later, Lludd was troubled by a constant scream that was heardthe eve of every Beltane. He traveled to Gaul, where his brotherLlefelys, was particularly worshipped, to ask his advice. He explainedthat the cry was made by two fighting dragons. Lludd managed to capturethe creatures and imprisoned them deep below Dinas Emrys. Lludd may havebeen particularly worshipped in London, which was said to have beennamed after him. AP BELI, Lludd Llaw Ereint High King of Prydein or Britain K (I485)
 
715 FROM: Matthew Geneological Research Foundation , ..Matthew GeneologicalResearch Foundation Web Site, www.users.qwest.net/~butchmatt, Internet.Sons ruled over Brythons of Teyrnllwg and Latins of all the cities fromLancaster to Chester. AP CUNEDAG, Einion Yrth King of Gwynedd (I16)
 
716 FROM: P L Kessler , ...The History Files, HomePublishing A(c)1999, www.users.globalnet.co.uk\\_plk\\history.htm,Internet. Kings of Dal Riada Because they were coming under pressurefrom the powerful Ui Neill Clan, from the latter end of the 5th centuryScoti settlers from Ulster in Ireland began settling on the West Coastof Pictland. They founded a capital at Dunadd. MAC MUREDACH, Fergus Mor King of Dál Riata (I484)
 
717 FROM: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Ancestral File(TM), June 1998 (c), data as of 5 JAN 1998, Family History Library, 35 NWest Temple Street, Salt Lake City, UT 84150 USA. He was a minor in1055 OF HUNTINGDON, Earl Walther II (I6807)
 
718 FROM: The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001http://www.bartleby.com Austrasia (ostrA'zh), northeastern portionof the Merovingian kingdom of the Franks in the 6th, 7th, and 8thcent., comprising, in general, parts of E France, W Germany, and theNetherlands, with its capital variously at Metz, Reims, and Soissons. Itoriginated in the partition (511) of the realm of the Frankish kingClovis I among his four sons after his death. Austrasia was constantlytroubled by dynastic rivalries between its rulers and those of theneighboring kingdom of Neustria. These struggles, both political andcultural, reached their climax in the fierce fights between QueenBrunhilda of Austrasia and Queen Fredegunde of Neustria. During thereigns of Clotaire I, Clotaire II, and Dagobert I, Austrasia wastemporarily reunited with Neustria. This rivalry was only part of theregionalism that eventually brought an end to Merovingian rule. With thedecline of the royal power in Austrasia, the office of mayor of thepalace developed into the real seat of power and finally becamehereditary in the family of the Carolingians. Austrasia became part ofthe Carolingian empire. FROM: http://www.encyclopedia.com Pepin ofHeristal (Pepin II) heristl pepin, d. 714, mayor of the palace(680-714) of the Frankish territory of Austrasia; grandson of Pepin ofLanden and father of Charles Martel. After defeating the nobles ofNeustria at the battle of Tertry (687), Pepin made himself mayor, orruler, of all the Frankish kingdoms except Aquitaine, with theMerovingian dynasty retaining the nominal kingship. He defeated theFrisians, the Alemanni, and the Bavarians and established a stronggovernment, thus laying the foundation for the empire of hisdescendants, the Carolingian mayors and kings.

Having inherited the joint right to rule the kingdom of The Frankstogether with his brother, he became sole ruler in 747 when Carlomanretired into the monastery of Monte Casino. In 751 he asked PopeZacharias to end the nominal rule of the Merovingians and have the powertogether with the title of "King of The Franks". The Pope agreed andKing Childeric III was placed in a monastery. Saint Boniface anointedPepin as King of The Franks at Soissons. Two years later---having savedthe next pope, Stephen II, from the Lombards ---Pepin was again anointedat the Abbey of St. Denis, together with his two young sons, Charles andCarloman, by the pope himself. Pippin was a much more able king than theMerovingians "Rois faineants" (do nothing kings). The Franks went toItaly to support the pope and defeated Astolfo, King of the Lombards.Pippin was rewarded and made a senator of Rome even though he couldneither read nor write. After a subsequent attack on the pope, he againdefeated Astolfo and made a gift to the pope of Lombard lands near Rome.This bequest was the beginning of the pope's status as a temporalsouvereign. Pippin died at the Abbey of St. Denis in 768. His sonsCharles and Carloman forthwith divided the Frank domains. However,Carloman soon died leaving Charles, as the sole ruler of the kingdom ofThe Franks, to become the most important ruler ever to have "the Great"added to his name. Charles The Great, or Carolus Magnus, then becamebetter known as Charlemagne.

Profession : Maire.du.Palais de 741 à 751, Roi des Francs de 751 à 768. 
DE FRANCIE, Pépin III Le Bref (I5788)
 
719 FROM: www.britannia.com/bios/ebk/coelhnt.html Coel Hen, King of NorthernBritain (c.350-c.420) (Welsh-Coel, Latin-Coelius, English-Cole) CoelHen or Coel the Old is known to most of us through the famous nurseryrhyme: Old King Cole was a merry old soul And a merry old soul washe. He called for his pipe, And he called for his bowl, And hecalled for his fiddlers, three. He is also a familiar figure in ancientWelsh genealogies, for most of the Celtic British monarchies claimeddescent from him in one form or another. He appears to have lived aroundthe turn from the 4th to the 5th century, the time when the Romanofficials returned to Italy, leaving Britain and her people to fend forthemselves. Coel's particular association with the north of Britain hasled to the suggestion that he may actually have been the last of theRoman Duces Brittanniarum with his headquarters at York. He certainlyimposed his power over a great swathe of the country, and can beconsidered the first King in Northern Britain. (This Coel should not beconfused with the legendary Coel Godhebog 'the Magnificent', Lord ofColchester, whose daughter, St. Helen, supposedly married the EmperorConstantius Chlorus two centuries earlier.) There is an old story toldin the north about Coel's last campaign. What is now Scotland wasoriginally inhabited by the Pictish race. It was during Coel's time thatimmigrant Irishmen from the Scotti tribe began to settle the Westerncoast around Argyle. Coel, fearing that the two peoples would uniteagainst the British, sent raiding parties across his northern border tostir up discord between them. The plan, however, backfired for the Pictsand the Scots were not taken in. Coel merely succeeded in pushing thetwo even closer together, and they began to attack the British Kingdomof Strathclyde. Coel declared all out war and moved north to expel theinvaders. The Picts and Scots fled to the hills ahead of Coel's army,who eventually set up camp at what became Coylton alongside the Water ofCoyle (Ayrshire). For a long time, the British were triumphant, whilethe Scots and Picts starved. Desperate for some relief, however, theenemy advanced an all-or-nothing attack on Coel's stronghold. Coel andhis men were taken by surprise, overrun and scattered to the winds. Itis said that Coel wandered the unknown countryside until he eventuallygot caught in a bog at Coilsfield (in Tarbolton, Ayrshire) and drowned.Coel was first buried in a mound there before being removed to thechurch at Coylton. The year was about AD 420. After his death, Coel'sNorthern Kingdom was divided between two of his sons, Ceneu andGorbanian. FROM: P L Kessler , The History Files,Home Publishing A(c)1999, www.users.globalnet.co.uk\\_plk\\history.htm,Internet Coel Hen Coel Hen is a familiar figure in many ancient Welshgenealogies. Most of the Celtic British kings of the north of Britaincould trace their descent from him in one form or another, as could manyWelsh kings. In the short time after his life that Central and NorthernBritain remained free of the invading Angles, between the start of thefifth century and mid-sixth century, all of the kingdoms that wereestablished were by his sons or grandsons. Although the evidence istypically patchy, he appears to have lived from around 350 - 420, duringthe time when the last Roman officials returned to the heart of thefaltering empire, leaving Britain and her people to fend for themselves.Coel's particular association with the north of Britain has led to thewell-founded suggestion that he was the last of the Roman DucesBrittanniarum (Dukes of the Britons). Only one existed at any time. Theywere selected as generals of the army with direct authority from thegovernor of Britannia to defend the coast from the increasing barbarianraids). The Roman dux disappear from the Notitia Dignitatum in about 400and it is not unnatural to presume that Coel took his place. He seems tohave made his headquarters at Britain's northern capital of Eburacum(York), and he certainly imposed his power over a great swathe of thecountry. Coel Hen can be considered by tradition to be the first kingin, and of, Northern Britain, as seems to have overseen the transitionfrom direct Roman rule to an independent Britain which took care of itsown defence. In the Celtic tradition, because of his dominance, he isknown fully as the High King of Northern Britain (as opposed to othermajor kings of his generation, such as Cunedda Wledig, who was King ofNorth Wales - later Gwynedd, or Antonius Donatus Gregorius (Anwn), whowas King of South Wales - Demetia). From his headquarters Coel Hengoverned the territory between Eburacum and Hadrian's Wall (which formedthe later British kingdoms of Ebrauc, Deywr, and Bernaccia), and west tocover the area of Rheged, (later North Rheged, South Rheged, Dunoting,Elmet, Caer-Guendoleu, and a kingdom which, to deduce its name from thelater Saxon Pecset, was probably called the Kingdom of the Peak).According to later claims, he also had a hand in structuring theGoutoddin in the eastern territory between the Walls after the departureof Cunedda Wledig. As a result of the many kingdoms which wereinherited by his immediate descendants, Coel became the foundingancestor of what came to be known as The Men of the North (Gwyr yGogledd). These were the Britons of the surviving kingdoms who werefighting the advancing Angles in the 6th and 7th centuries. They weredrawn from the kingdoms of Goutoddin and Rheged, from Strathclyde andvarious minor principalities, and together they upheld the tradition ofbattling Celtic warriors, feasting together before riding out with thewarband to do battle with the enemy. Their stubborn resistance was dealta fatal blow at Catreath (Catterick) in around 600, and these events(detailed in The Mabinogion) cemented the reputation of The Men of theNorth in their glorious, but ultimately futile, efforts of resistance tothe Teutonic invaders. Most people today will have heard of Coel Hen(or 'King Coel' - with 'Hen' the Brito-Welsh word for 'old'), even ifthey don't realise it. He is immortalised in verse: Old King Cole was amerry old soul And a merry old soul was he. He called for his pipe,And he called for his bowl, And he called for his fiddlers, three The legends of the Northern British were preserved by Rhodri Mawr, whenhe became King of Gwynedd. One of those legends concerned Coel Hen'slast campaign. It was during Coel's time as High King that immigrantIrishmen from the Scotti tribe of Dalriata (in the region of Ulster)began to settle the western coast of Pictland, around Argyle. Coel,fearing that the two peoples would unite against the British, sentraiding parties across his northern border to stir up discord betweenthem. The plan backfired as the Picts and the Scots were not taken in.Coel merely succeeded in pushing the two even closer together, and theybegan to attack the British Kingdom of Strathclyde. Coel declared allout war and moved north to expel the invaders. The Picts and Scots fledto the hills ahead of Coel's army, who eventually set up camp at whatbecame Coylton alongside the Water of Coyle (Ayrshire). For a long time,the British were victorious, while the Scots and Picts starved.Desperate for some relief, the enemy advanced in a last-ditch attack onCoel's stronghold. Coel and his men were taken by surprise, overrun andscattered to the winds. It is said that Coel wandered the unknowncountryside until he eventually got caught in a bog at Coilsfield (inTarbolton, Ayrshire) and drowned. Coel was first buried in a mound therebefore being removed to the church at Coylton. The year was circa AD420. After his death, Coel's Northern Kingdom was divided between two ofhis sons: Ceneu (St) assumed control of the kingdoms of the North &Midland Britain, remaining based at Ebrauc. Gorbanian founded thedynasty that ruled over the Kingdom of Bernaccia (Bryneich), which waslater taken over by the Angles, who pronounced it Bernicia. Because ofCoel's, and his son's, apparently continued use of Eburacum as a base ofoperations and also as the traditional Roman capital of North Britain,it makes sense to list the Kings of North Britain alongside the Kings ofEbrauc (as the evolving Brito-Welsh language dubbed it). There were onlythree of the former, with the next in line ruling only half the land ofhis father, as the rest of it had been inherited by his brother. MagnusMaximus (Macsen Wledig) 383 - 388 AD Western Roman Emperor 383-388.Selected Coel Hen as his replacement in most of Northern Britain. 400AD The reorganisations of Magnus Maximus and his subsequent withdrawalof troops from Britain virtually signals the end of Roman rule over theisland. From this point on, all of Britain's High Kings originate fromwithin the country.

Person Source

Person Source 
AP TEGFAN, Coel Hen of Britain King of Northern Brit (I450)
 
720 FROM: www.britannica.com Charles Martel b. c. 688 d. Oct. 22, 741,Quierzy-sur-Oise, France Latin CAROLUS MARTELLUS, German KARL MARTELL,mayor of the palace of Austrasia (the eastern part of the Frankishkingdom) from 715 to 741. He reunited and ruled the entire Frankishrealm and stemmed the Muslim invasion at Poitiers in 732. His byname,Martel, means 'the hammer.' Charles was the illegitimate son of Pepin ofHerstal, the mayor of the palace of Austrasia. By this period theMerovingian kings of the Frankish realm were rulers in name only. Theburden of rule lay upon the mayors of the palace, who governedAustrasia, the eastern part of the Frankish kingdom, and Neustria, itswestern portion. Neustria bitterly resented its conquest and annexationin 687 by Pepin, who, acting in the name of the king, had reorganizedand reunified the Frankish realm. The assassination of Pepin's onlysurviving legitimate son in 714 was followed a few months later by thedeath of Pepin himself. Pepin left as heirs three grandsons, and untilthey came of age, Plectrude, Pepin's widow, was to hold power. As anillegitimate son, Charles Martel was entirely neglected in the will. Buthe was young, strong, and determined, and an intense struggle for powerat once broke out in the Frankish kingdom. Both Charles and Plectrudefaced rebellion throughout the Frankish kingdom when Pepin's will wasmade known. The king, Chilperic II, was in the power of Ragenfrid, mayorof the palace of Neustria, who joined forces with the Frisians inHolland in order to eliminate Charles. Plectrude imprisoned Charles andtried to govern in the name of her grandchildren, but Charles escaped,gathered an army, and defeated the Neustrians in battles at Ambleve nearLiege (716) and at Vincy near Cambrai (717). His success made resistanceby Plectrude and the Austrasians useless; they submitted, and by 719Charles alone governed the Franks as mayor. Assured of Austrasia,Charles now attacked Neustria itself, finally subduing it in 724. Thisfreed Charles to deal with hostile elements elsewhere. He attackedAquitaine, whose ruler, Eudes (Odo), had been an ally of Ragenfrid, butCharles did not gain effective control of southern France until late inhis reign. He also conducted long campaigns, some as late as the 730s,against the Frisians, Saxons, and Bavarians, whose brigandage endangeredthe eastern frontiers of his kingdom. In order to consolidate hismilitary gains, Charles supported St. Boniface and other missionaries intheir efforts to convert the German tribes on the eastern frontier toChristianity. Ever since their arrival in Spain from Africa in 711, theMuslims had raided Frankish territory, threatening Gaul and on oneoccasion (725) reaching Burgundy and sacking Autun. In 732 'Abdar-Rahman, the governor of CA3rdoba, marched into Bordeaux and defeatedEudes. The Muslims then proceeded north across Aquitaine to the city ofPoitiers. Eudes appealed to Charles for assistance, and Charles' cavalrymanaged to turn back the Muslim onslaught at the Battle of Poitiers. Thebattle itself may have been only a series of small engagements, butafter it there were no more great Muslim invasions of Frankishterritory. In 733 Charles began his campaigns to force Burgundy toyield to his rule. In 735 word arrived that Eudes was dead, and Charlesmarched rapidly across the Loire River in order to make his power feltaround Bordeaux. By 739 he had completely subdued the petty chieftainsof Burgundy, and he continued to fend off Muslim advances into Gaulduring the decade. Charles' health began to fail in the late 730s, andin 741 he retired to his palace at Quierzy-sur-Oise, where he died soonafter. Before his death he divided the Merovingian kingdom between histwo legitimate sons, Pepin and Carloman. He continued to maintain thefiction of Merovingian rule, refraining from transferring the royaltitle to his own dynasty.

Chosen Duke of Austrasia (in France) in 714, he became mayor of thepalace of King Clothaire IV in 720 and was the true ruler of theFranks.His first battles were with the Saxons, Alemanni and Bavarians. However,his importance was established when he rolled back the tide of theSaracen Moslem conquest in a desperate battle between Tours and Poitiersin 732. Prior to the battle, Abdul Rahman, the Arab governor of Spain,had won a great battle near Bordeaux. This Moslem threat united theBurgundians and the Gauls of Provence who then acknowledged sovereigntyto Charles Martel, as they saw him as their saviour from the Moslemconquests. The battle at Poitiers, now almost forgotten, must rank amongthe most important as it halted the Moslem conquest of Europe. Charlesfinished his work by driving the Saracens out of Burgundy and theLanguedoc in 737. Great as he was, he never aspired to being more than"mayor of the palace" and Duke of Austrasia. When he died in 741, hissons, Carloman and Pepin, still as joint mayors of the palace, dividedthe power for Merovingian King Childeric III of the Franks.

Profession : Maire.du.Palais d'Austrasie, Maire du Palais de Neustrie,Duc des Francs 
DE FRANCIE, Charles Martel (I5755)
 
721 GAGNON (Gaingnon, Gangnon et Gaignon), MATHURIN, habitant, commerçant,membre de la Communauté des Habitants, né en 1606 à Saint-Aubin deTourouvre (Perche), de Pierre Gagnon (Gaignon) et de Madeleine-RenéeRoger, décédé à Château-Richer en 1690.

Influencé sans doute par la propagande de Robert Giffard et deNoël Juchereau, qui recrutaient des colons dans le Perche, MathurinGagnon décide de s’établir au Canada avec ses frères Pierre et Jean. Ilsarrivent à Québec avant 1640. Ils s’adonnent au commerce, travaillant ensociété. Nombre de documents notariés de l’époque portent en signature «Sieurs Mathurin, Jehan et Pierre Gangnon, frères ». Mathurin est le plusinstruit des trois : seul il sait écrire. Aussi fait-il figure de chef.C’est lui qui passe en France, en 1642, régler les affaires de familleet de négoce. Vers 1651, les frères Gagnon construisent un magasin surla place de la basse ville, près du magasin appartenant à la Communautédes Habitants.

Cependant, les frères Gagnon aimaient la terre. En 1640, ilsavaient occupé des terres sur la côte de Beaupré, à Château-Richer.Plusieurs Percherons s’établirent sur cette côte entre 1635 et 1660. Ilsy implantèrent la dévotion à Sainte-Anne, à l’honneur alors au célèbre «Carrefour de Sainte-Anne », dans le Perche. Mathurin s’appliqua àdéfricher sa terre. Membre de la Communauté des Habitants, iltravaillait sur sa ferme l’été et s’adonnait au commerce à Québec durantl’hiver. Il ne s’établit définitivement à Château-Richer qu’en 1650,année où il y reçut une concession de six arpents de largeur sur unelieue et demie de profondeur.

Mathurin se maria le 30 septembre 1647. Il, épousa FrançoiseGoudeau qui n’avait. que 13 ans ; elle lui donna 16 enfants. Nommémarguillier en 1662, il apparaît comme un notable de la paroisse. Auxdivers recensements, il est parmi les habitants les plus dynamiques : en1681, il possédait 20 bêtes à cornes et 45 arpents de terre en culture.Il mourut le 20 avril 1690, âgé de 84 ans. Il fut inhumé le lendemaindans le cimetière paroissial. Il est à l’origine d’une des plusnombreuses familles du Canada français. 
GAGNON, Mathurin (I2292)
 
722 Ganet fut change par la suite a Guenette. GUENETTE, Jacques (I2059)
 
723 Gave consent to her husband to grant the church of Airainestheinheritance of Ralph (her father) and herself to the prioryofSaint-Martin-des-Champs in Paris. DE MORTIMER, Hawise (I6604)
 
724 Geoffrey was also known as 'The Plantagenet' and more commonlyas'Plantagenet, Geoffrey V the Fair, Count of Anjou and Maine'. HewasDuke of Normandy 1144-1150 abdicating ca 1151. The Plantagenetsurname was originally a nickname, of the Englishroyal house of Anjou orthe Angevin dynasty, founded by Geoffrey V,Count of Anjou (1113-51),husband of Matilda (1102-67), daughter ofKing Henry I of England. Thename is derived from the Latin planta('sprig') and genistae ('broomplant'), in reference to the sprig thatGeoffrey always wore in his cap.Burke says the marriage was 3 Apr1127. The name Plantagenet, accordingto Rapin, came from when Fulkthe Great, being stung from remorse forsome wicked action, in orderto atone for it, went a pilgrimage toJerusalem, and was scourgedbefore the Holy Sepulchre with broom twigs.Reigning from 1154 to 1485, the Plantagenet kings, in the main lineofdescent, were Henry II, Richard I, John, Henry III, Edward I,EdwardII, Edward III, and Richard II; through the house of Lancaster,HenryIV, Henry V, and Henry VI; and through the house of York, EdwardIV,Edward V, and Richard III. Geoffrey was the Count of Anjou and Maine.From EncyclopediaBritannica Online, article entitled Geoffrey IV: 'Alsocalled GEOFFREY PLANTAGENET, byname GEOFFREY THE FAIR, FrenchGEOFFROIPLANTAGENET, OR GEOFFROI LE BEL, count of Anjou (1131-51),Maine, andTouraine and ancestor of the Plantagenet kings of Englandthrough hismarriage, in June 1128, to Matilda, daughter of Henry I ofEngland. OnHenry's death (1135), Geoffrey claimed the duchy ofNormandy; he finallyconquered it in 1144 and ruled there as dukeuntil he gave it to his son,Henry (later King Henry II of England) in1150. Geoffrey was popular withthe Normans, but he had to suppress arebellion of malcontent Angevinnobles. After a short war with LouisVII of France, Geoffrey signed atreaty (August 1151) by which hesurrendered the whole of Norman Vexin(the border area betweenNormandy and ãIle-de-France) to Louis.' Weis(Line 1-24) lists Geoffrey as Geoffrey V, not Geoffrey IV. FromEncyclopedia Britannica Online, article entitled Geoffrey IV: 'Alsocalled GEOFFREY PLANTAGENET, byname GEOFFREY THE FAIR, FrenchGEOFFROIPLANTAGENET, OR GEOFFROI LE BEL, count of Anjou (1131-51),Maine, andTouraine and ancestor of the Plantagenet kings of Englandthrough hismarriage, in June 1128, to Matilda, daughter of Henry I ofEngland. OnHenry's death (1135), Geoffrey claimed the duchy ofNormandy; he finallyconquered it in 1144 and ruled there as dukeuntil he gave it to his son,Henry (later King Henry II of England) in1150. Geoffrey was popular withthe Normans, but he had to suppress arebellion of malcontent Angevinnobles. After a short war with LouisVII of France, Geoffrey signed atreaty (August 1151) by which hesurrendered the whole of Norman Vexin(the border area betweenNormandy and ãIle-de-France) to Louis.' Weis(Line 1-24) lists Geoffrey as Geoffrey V, not Geoffrey IV. PLANTAGENET, Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and then Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144 Geoffrey V 'The Fair' Duke of Normandy (I6408)
 
725 Geoffrey was arrested with his father in 1330. DE MORTIMER, Geoffrey (I6637)
 
726 Gilbert de Striguil Type: AKA DE CLARE, Gilbert (I6452)
 
727 gored by a stag DE NORMANDIE, Richard (I4572)
 
728 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I3)
 
729 graduated from Smith College, where she formed part of the firstperforming Arts class ever taught at that institution. BRAGDON, 'Casey' Helen Cushman (I840)
 
730 Grand Butler of France,1258. DE BRIENNE, Jean (I6454)
 
731 Granted a lifetime interest in Lechlade,Gloucestershire, andOakham,Rutland. DE FERRERS, Isabell (I6430)
 
732 Guardian of the young Duke William Of Normandy, later The Conqueror OSBERN, Steward Of Normandy (I6730)
 
733 Gudrod Halfdansson "Mikillati" (the magnificent), King of Vestfold andRoumarike, ruled in Norway and Denmark. He was probably the same"Godfrey the Proud", who opposed Charlemagne. OD HALFDANSSONN, Gudr King in Vestfold (I170)
 
734 Guillaume I 'le Pieux', Duke of Aquitaine, in 892 also became Count ofBourges and, in 893, Count of Macon and lay-Abbot of Brioude. Before 898he married Engelberge, daughter of the King of Lower-Burgundy and theybecame the parents of a son and a daughter. In 910 he founded the abbeyof Cluny. He died either 28 June or 6 July 918. duc d'Aquitaine Guillaume I 'le Pieux' (I4769)
 
735 Gundred, Gundreda, or Gundrada was probably born in Flanders , sister ofGerbod the Fleming, Earl of Chester.
Gundred married William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey (d. 20 June1088), who rebuilt Lewes Castle, making it his chief residence. In 1078he and Gundred founded a Cluniac Priory at Southover, adjoining Lewes,where both were buried.
The Countess had died at Castle Acre, Norfolk, one of her husband'sestates.
In the course of the centuries which followed both tombstonesdisappeared from the priory but in 1774 William Burrell, Esq., anantiquary, discovered Gundred's in Isfield Church (seven miles fromLewes), over the remains of Edward Shirley, Esq., (d. 1550), whosefather John was Clerk of the Kitchen to King Henry VII, and had itremoved on October 2, 1775, to St. John's Church, Southover, the nearestplace to its original site, and placed inside and at the south-westcorner of the church, where, until 1847, it could be seen on the floorbetween pews with a very fine inscription detailing its origins etc.
In 1845, during excavations through the Priory grounds for the SouthCoast Railway, the lead chests containing the remains of the Earl andhis Countess were discovered, and deposited temporarily, for the nexttwo years, beneath Gundred's tombstone. In 1847 a Norman Chapel waserected by public subscription, adjoining the present vestry andchancel. Prior to re-interring the remains in this chapel, both cystswere opened to ascertain if there were any contents, which was found tobe the case. New cysts were made and used, and the ancient onespreserved and placed in two recessed arches in the southern wall.Gundred's remains in a good state of preservation although the Earl'shas lost some lead. Across the upper part of the right arch is the nameGvndrada. Her tombstone is of black marble. 
OF FLANDERS, Gundred Countess of Surrey (I5263)
 
736 Habitait chez la veuve de Paul LeMoyne, Sieur de Maricourt. Lui, sa femmeet ses enfants sont morts sans doute d'une epidemie. MORIN, Jean-Marie dit Ducharme (I1181)
 
737 habitant Family F1885
 
738 habitant, commerçant, membre de la Communauté des Habitants.Juchereau, qui recrutaient des colons dans le Perche, Mathurin Gagnondécide de s'établir au Canada avec ses frères Pierre et Jean. Ilss'adonent au commerce, travaillant en société. Nombre de documentsnotariés de l'époque portent en signature "Sieurs Mathurin, Jehand etPierre Gangnon, frères". Mathurin est le plus instruit des trois: seulil sait écrire. Aussi fait-il figure de chef . C'est lui qui qui passeen France, en 1642, régler les affaires de famille et de négoce. Vers1651, les frères Gagnon construisent un magasin sur la place de la basseville, près du magasin appartenant à la Communauté des Habitants.avaient occupé des terres sur la côte de Beaupré, à Château-Richer.Plusieurs Percherons s'établirent sur cette côte entre 1635 et 1660. Ilsy implantèrent la dévotion à Ste-Anne, à l'honneur alors du célèbre"Carrefour de Sainte-Anne", dans le Perche. Mathurin s'appliqua àdéfricher sa terre. Membre de la Comunauté des Habitants. Il travaillaitsur sa freme l'été et s'adonnait au commerce à Québec durant l'hiver. Ilne s'établit définitivement à Château-Richer qu'en 1650, année où il yreçut une concession de six arpents de largeur sur une lieue et demie deprofondeur.Aux divers recensements, il est parmi les habitants les plus dynamiques:en 1681, il possédait 20 bêtes à cornes et 45 arpents en culture. (perJean Hamelin) GAGNON, Mathurin (I2292)
 
739 had an excellent sense of humour and was renowned for his jokes; he wasvery kind and was interested in local history and genealogy LANDRY, Dr. Raoul David (I801)
 
740 Had five sons according to Rankin's history of the county. WEBB, Jeremiah (I4137)
 
741 Halfdan Olafsson "Huitbein" (white leg), King of the Uplanders of Sweden,King of Salver and Vestfold, conquered Roumarike and founded the pagantemple at Skiringssal. Halfdan King of the Uplanders Salver Ve (I4843)
 
742 Hannah Pangborn was his second wife. TUTTLE, Ephraim (I1969)
 
743 Having relapsed to paganism he was expelled from Frisia, Jutland, andbecame the ruler of the trading town of Novgorod. OD NOVGOROD, Ryurik Grand Duke of Novgorod (I295)
 
744 He 'came from Enniswithey, Ireland, to Little River, (Bayfield) about1817. He m. Catherine ... and later moved to Antigonish, where for yearshe did a tanning business on Church Street.' [p. 183] O'BRIEN, James (I1061)
 
745 He bequeathed his residence (100 acre farm) and implements etc. to hisson Daniel. He also bequeathed 35# to his son-in-law James O'Brien; 10#to son Richard; 10# to son Thomas; 15# to son William; 20# to son-in-lawAlex Chisolm; 10# to son-in-law Patrick Leydon and his bedding tograndson Morgan (son of Thomas). Morgan made his mark on the will. Thewill was probated on 13 Jan 1846. James O'Brien executed the will. CONNORS, Morgan (I1063)
 
746 He built the castle at Wettin which gave its name to his dynasty Thimo II 'der Tapfere' count von Wettin (I4385)
 
747 He died as a conseqeunce of injuries received in a tournament. MARSHALL, Gilbert (I6455)
 
748 He died inside the Kilkenny Castle. MARSHALL, Richard (I6449)
 
749 He drowned on the White Ship. Richard (I6524)
 
750 He has succeeded his brother, Roger in 1153 as Lord Mortimer ofWigmore,Herefordshire. When Henry succeded to the throne in December1154 herequired from Mortimer Bridgnorth Castle, but he refused tosurrender it.The King, in person, proceeded to Cleobury which hedestroyed June 17,1755 and then to Bridgnorth which was taken on July7 after several daysof assault. In 1167 Hugh was fined in Hantsbecause he refused at theKing's command to give up to one of his ownknights certain animals takenin distraint when security was offered.The foundation of Wigmore Abbey,for which he was a benefactor, wascompleted before his death. He wsalso a benefactor to the Templarsin Lincolnshire (Complete Peerage, Vol.IX, p 271). DE MORTIMER, Hugh (I6590)
 
751 He is described as "Woden-born" King of Uppsala in Sweden, by conquest;circa 690 King of Lethra, in Denmark." HALFDANSSON, Ivar King in Sweden (I420)
 
752 He is said to have perished in a Northumbrian snake pit. SIGURDSSON, Ragnar Lodbrok (I67)
 
753 He married Catherine MacAdam February 11, 1862 (This marriage date wastaken from the Casket), daughter of Ronald MacAdam. She was born 1840 inMalignant Cove, and died May 26, 1921 in North Grant age 80. Obitutaryfrom the Casket, Antigonish "An old, widely-known and highly-respectedresident of Malignant Cove, Peter Ross, Esq., departed this life on the8th inst., at the age of 74, after a painful illness of eight weeks,borne with edifying Christian patience. The deceased carried on amerchantile business at that place for many years, and by his industry,integrity and closs attention to his affairs, acquired a gererouscompetence of this world's good. His customers always found him generousand forbearing, and his death causes regret whereever he was known.During his illness he frequently and devotingly received the sacramentsand he yielded his soul to God in the firm hope of an eternal reward.His funeral was on the 10th inst. was very largely attended. May he restin peace." ROSS, Peter (I5123)
 
754 He may have died on April 11, 1222. MARSHALL, Earl William of Pembroke (I6418)
 
755 He reunited the Frankish kingdom in 613 after torturing to death thedominant figure in Frankish politics for twenty years, his aged auntBrunhild. Circa 614 he signed the "Perpetual Constitution" regarded asan early Magna Carta. In 622 he made his son Dagobert king in Austrasia,the north-eastern portion of the Frankish kingdom, while he himself keptthe rest of Gaul under his direct rule, residing in Neustria, the regioncentred on Paris.

Profession : Roi des Francs de 613 à 629. 
DE NEUSTRIE, Roi Clotaire II (I5639)
 
756 He spent his early years at the court of Theodebert II, King ofAustrasia. Aged thirty and a widower, he wanted to retire from publiclife but even though he was not a priest, in 614 he was chosen Bishopof Metz.However, he remained an adviser to King Chlotar II, whom he hadhelped to gain the Frankish throne, and was tutor to his son Dagobert.It took him until 629 before he was able to retire to the Vosgesmountains after resigning his offices. His friend Romaric had thereearlier and began the monastic community at Habend that was later calledRemiremont. Arnulf settled nearby and lived there until he died twelveyears later.

Profession : Maire.du.Palais d'Austrasie, Evêque de Metz (614-629) 
Saint Arnulf évêque de Metz (I5636)
 
757 He succeeded his father as Lord of Wigmore befoe 1086 when he islisted inthe Domesday Book as tenant in chief in twelve counties,largely inHerefordshire and Shropshire. In 1088 he, with Bernard deNeufmarche andRoger de Lacy, at the head of a large body of English,Norman and Welshfighting men, attacked Worcester with the intentionof brning the townand pillaging the church. The Bishop's mendefeated them (one accountsays that the broken troops were'miraculously stricken by the Bishop'scurse.' In 1089 he was one ofthe barons of Eastern Normandy who sidedwith William Rufus againstRobert Curthose, even though he laterwitnessed with Duke Robert acharter for Jumieges. In 1104 he supportedHenry I against DukeRobert. (Complete Peerage, Vol. IX, p. 267-68) DE MORTIMER, Ralph (I6627)
 
758 He was 60 years old at the time of his death, he answered 48 years in1666, 54 in 1667 and at Isle of Orleans. In 1652 he was an inhabitant ofTrois- Riviers. HEwas from St-Aubin-de-Tourouvre, Mortagne, Perche,France. He filed Contract of marriage with notary - Audouart at Quebec,PQ. ROULEAU, Gabriel dit Sanssouci (I2222)
 
759 He was a commander and Colonely of the Cote du Sud. In 1734 he was thefirst captain from the parish of Saint-Joseph de Levis in the royaldomain of Lauzon and commander of the Rive du sud, which was over thewhole territory under the jurisdiction of the Government of Quebec. LAMBERT, Louis Joseph Sieur de Ste-Marie (I2473)
 
760 He was a Crusader.He was the Earl of Arundel. D'AUBIGNEY, Earl William of Arundel (I6666)
 
761 He was a Knight of the Garter, and Lord of Bergavenny. DE BEAUCHAMP, William (I6330)
 
762 He was a ranking Jewish leader and, if not contested, his ancestry may beone of the great lineages of antiquity. DE TOULOUSE, Duc Makir Judiarch of Narbonne (I4897)
 
763 He was a Saxon count 'of the Buzizi tribe' Dietrich Count. im Hassegau (I4616)
 
764 He was a Saxon warlord based in Engern, and became lord of Brunisbergenear Hoxter. DE SAXE, Prince Billung I (I4790)
 
765 He was a son or son-in-law of Clodion, who governed the Salic Franks from428 till 448. Merovech governed the Salic Franks from 448 till 457 anddefeated Attila "the Hun" in 451. Merovech (I5404)
 
766 He was about fifteen years old when, on 19 June 936 in Laon, he wascrowned king. Late in 939 he married Gerberga of Saxony, the widow ofGiselbert II of Lorraine, who then was anointed Queen of the Franks. InNovember 942 he lost Lorraine and part of Burgundy. On 13 July 945, atRouen, he was captured by the Vikings who handed him over to Hugues theGreat. After he was released he settled, on 1 July 946, at Compiègne. Hewas about thirty-four when he died, on 10 September 954 in Reims, aftera fall from his horse. His widow became regent for their son and, in959, Abbess of Notre Dame in Soissons. She died in Reims on 5 May 984. DE FRANCE, Roi Louis IV (I117)
 
767 He was also known as 'Baudouin', Latin king of Jerusalem (1143-1162),sonand successor of Fulk. Until 1152 he ruled with his mother,Melisende. Inhis reign began the decay of Latin power in the East.Edessa fell to theMuslims (1144); the Second Crusade failed; andSultan Nur ad-Din seized(1154) Damascus and N Syria. Baldwin in 1153took Ashkelon and foolishlydirected his policy against the Egyptiansrather than the Turks. Hisbrother succeeded as Amalric I. PLANTAGENET, King Baldwin III of Jerusalem (I6480)
 
768 He was also known as Foulques 'Le Jeune', Latin King ofJerusalem(1131-1143), Count of Anjou (1109-1129) as Fulk V,great-grandson ofFulk Nerra. He journeyed (1120) to the Holy Land as apilgrim andreturned there in 1129, making his son, Geoffrey Plantagenet,count ofAnjou as Geoffrey IV. Having taken as his new wife Melisende,daughterof King Baldwin II of Jerusalem, he succeeded hisfather-in-law in1131. Fulk's reign was disturbed by dissensions amongthe Latinprinces and by the raids of the Turks, whose prisoner he wasfor atime in 1137. He was succeeded as King of Jerusalem by his sonbyMelisende, Baldwin III. From Encyclopedia Britannica Online,articletitled Fulk: 'byname FULK THE YOUNGER, French FOULQUES LE JEUNE,count of Anjou andMaine as Fulk V (1109-31) and king of Jerusalem(1131-43). 'Son of Fulk IV the Surly and Bertrada of Montfort, he wasmarried in1109 to Arenburga of Maine. Fulk exerted his control over hisvassalsand was later caught up in dynastic quarrels between the FrenchandEnglish kings. In 1128 his son Geoffrey Plantagenet marriedMatilda,daughter of Henry I of England, and became the progenitor ofEngland'sbranch of the Angevin dynasty. Fulk first visited Palestine in1120and returned in 1129 to marry Melisend, daughter of King Baldwin IIofJerusalem. 'Fulk became king of Jerusalem on Baldwin II's death in1131 and spentthe first year of his reign settling a dispute in Antioch(Turkey) andputting down a revolt led by his wife's lover, Hugh of LePuiset. In1137 he allied himself with the Byzantines against a Turkishleader,'Imad ad-Din Zangi, of Mosul (Iraq), and in 1140 helped theMuslims ofDamascus ward off Zangi's armies. He protected Jerusalem inthe southby constructing a series of fortresses, including Krak ofMoab.' D'ANJOU, Foulkes V (I6478)
 
769 He was born at Falaise, the bastard son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, byArlette, a tanner's daughter. On his father's death in 1035, the noblesaccepted him as duke, but his youth was passed in difficulty and danger.When in 1047 the lords of the western part of the duchy rebelled, HenriI of France came to his help and the rebels were defeated atVal-des-Dunes. In 1051 he visited his cousin, Edward the Confessor, andreceived the promise of the English succession. He married Matilda,daughter of Baudouin V, Count of Flanders, in 1053. In the next tenyears William repulsed two French invasions, and in 1063 conqueredMaine. Although he was never keen on actual capital punishment, Williamthe Bastard could get touchy about jokes too near the bone and, when hecaptured the town of Alencon that had displayed flayed skins on itswalls in allusion to the tanner's trade (his maternal grandfather,Fulbert, had been a tanner), he chopped the right hand and left foot offeach citizen to teach them a lesson about laughing last. Probably in1064, Harold was at his court and swore to help him gain the Englishcrown on Edward's death. When, however, Edward died in 1066, Haroldbecame king. William laid his claim and, on October 14, defeated Haroldat the battle of Hastings or Senlac. Harold was slain and William wascrowned on December 25. The west and north of England were subdued in1068; but next year the north revolted, and William devastated thecountry between York and Durham. The constitution under William assumeda feudal aspect, the old national assembly becoming a council of theking's tenants-in-chief, and all title to land being derived from hisgrant. The Domesday Book contains the land settlement. He also broughtthe English Church into closer relations with Rome. The Conqueror's rulewas stern and orderly. In 1070 there was a rebellion in the Fen Countryand, under the leadership of Hereward the Wake, the rebels held out forsome time in the Isle of Ely. English exiles were sheltered by theScottish king, Malcolm, who plundered the northern shires; but Williamin 1072 compelled Malcolm to do him homage at Abernethy. In 1073 hereconquered Maine. He also made a successful expedition into SouthWales. His eldest son, Robert, rebelled against him in Normandy in 1079.Having entered on a war with Philippe I of France in 1087, Williamburned Mantes. As he rode through the burning town, his horse stumbledand he received an injury of which he died at Rouen on September 9. Heleft Normandy to his son Robert, and England to William. OF NORMANDY, William I 'The Conqueror' King of England (I4418)
 
770 He was chamberlain of Louis "the Pious" but, after the latter died in840, was executed in 844. Bernhard Comte d'Aulun (I4772)
 
771 He was from Caux, ar. Dieppe, Normandy, France. He filed marriagecontract with notary Audouart in Quebec on 27 DEC 1660. He left LaRochelle 5 Apr, 1657 at the age of 24 years, saying he was fromNieul-sur-Mer (Charente-Maritime), France. At the 1666 recording heanswered that he was 35 years and living at Ile d' Orleans, and in 1667he was 35 living at Charlesbourg. CHARPENTIER, Jean dit Lapaille (I3079)
 
772 He was known as 'Black Will', he was the 6th Baron of Braiose,Descendentof Griffith, Prince of Wales. William de Braose fell victim to thejealousy of Llewellyn, Prince ofWales, who suspecting an intimacybetween him and the princess, hiswife, King Henry's sister, invited himto an Easter feast, andtreacherously cast him in prison at theconclusion of the banquet. Hewas soon afterwards put to death with theunfortunate princess. He hadmarried Eve (Eva) Marshal, daughter ofWilliam Marshal, and sister ofRichard, Earl of Pembroke, by whom he hadfour daughters, hisco-heirs. He was the Earl of Abergavenny. Lord ofAbergavenny.Sixth Baron deBraiose. He was hanged by Llewelyn Fawr in1230. From DougThompson;http://freespace.virgin.net/doug.thompson/BraoseWeb/index1.htm:'William succeeded his father as Lord of Abergavenny, Builth andotherMarcher Lordships in 1227. Styled by the Welsh as 'Black William'hewas imprisoned by Llewelyn ap Iorwerth in 1229 during Hubert deBurgh'sdisastrous Kerry (Ceri) campaign. He was ransomed and releasedafter ashort captivity during which he agreed to cede Builth as amarriageportion for his daughter Isabella on her etrothal to David,son and heirof Llewelyn. The following Easter, Llewelyn discovered anintriguebetween his wife, Joan, and William. Supported by a generalclamour forhis death, Llewelyn had William publicly hanged on 2nd May1230.' DE BRAOSE, Baron William (I6344)
 
773 He was Lord Of Brambar. OF BRECKNOCK, ABERGAVENNEY AND GOWR 1ST BARON OFGWENTLAND SOURCE--ANCESTRAL ROOTS OF CERTAIN AMERICAN COLONISTS WHO CAMETOAMERICA BEFORE 1700, SEVENTH EDITION, COPYRIGHT 1995, PAGE 152FirstBaron of Gwentland; Sheriff of Herefordshire, 1174-1192. DE BRAOSE, Baron William (I6351)
 
774 He was mortally wounded in 1303 in a battle against the Welsh and diedatWigmore Castle. DE MORTIMER, Edmund (I6595)
 
775 He was named First Earl of Pembroke in 1138; became a baron by obtainingthe estates of his paternal uncles Roger and Walter, both of whom diedwithout offspring. When he was named Earl of Pembroke, King Stephenalso gave him the rape and castle of Pevensy. When the Empress landedin 1139, Gilbert marched with the King to Arundel. At the battle ofLincoln, Feb. 2, 1140/41, he was one of those nobles who fled when thefirst division of Stephen's army was put to flight, but then reallied tothe Queen after she recovered London in June. He waswith Stephen at thesiege of Oxford in 1142 and, in 1144, invaded South Wales and capturedor built (differing versions from differentsources) Carmarthen Castle.He was a benefactor to the abbey ofTintern and the priories of Lewes ,Southward and St. Neots, and theTemplars. (Complete Peerage, VolX:348-350) DE CLARE, Earl Gilbert (I6263)
 
776 He was Prince of Bihar Khazars and Khagan of Jewish Khazars between therivers Theiss and Szamos. Maroth Prince of Bihar Khazars (I4926)
 
777 He was said to be 60 at his death. He was probably the brother of Jeannewho married Marin Dalleray. He answered that he was 36 in 1666, 40 in1667 and 54 at the recording of 1681 and living on Isle Orleans. He wascited as being in Chateau-Richer, QP 31 JUL 1665. DUFRESNE, Pierre (I2220)
 
778 He was the 1st Earl of Norfolk. BIGOD, Hugh (I6428)
 
779 He was the 1st Earl of Oxford. DE VERE, Aubrey (I6693)
 
780 He was the 1st Lord of Genevil, Sire De Vaucouleurs, Lord ofLudlow(salop) and Trim in Ireland. DE JOINVILLE, Geoffrey (I6649)
 
781 He was the 2nd Earl Of Derby. DE FERRERS, Robert (I6375)
 
782 He was the 3rd Earl of Pembroke Knight Templer Earl of Striguil Lord ofLeinster Marshall of England Protector, Regent of the Kingdom from1216-1219 Named in the Magna Charta as a noble who advised King John.He wasnot a surety. There is a tomb effigy at Temple Church in Londonwhich is believed tobe of William Marshall. He met his wife for thefirst time in a room in the Tower of LondonAugust of 1189, shortlybefore his marriage. Less than a year after his death his son, WilliamII, commissioned anauthor whose name is only known as Jean, to do arecord of hisfather's life. Jean titled his work 'L' Historie DeGuillaume LeMarechal.' William was trained to be a knight by hisfather's cousin William ofTancarville, cira 1159. It is believed hisuncle knighted him in1167. In 1170 he was appointed head of the MesnieHousehold for theyoung Prince Henry by King Henry II. He remained withthe youngprince till his death in June, 1183. He knighted the youngprince andbecame his 'Lord in Chivalry'. From 1170 TO 1183 Williamcreated thestatus of an undefeated knight in tournaments. On princeHenry'sdeath, William gained permission from the king to carry theprince'scross to Jerusalem. He spent two years in the Holy Land andfoughtfor King Guy of Jerusalem and the Knights' Templar. His firstfiefwas Cartmel in Lancashire in 1187. When Richard came to the throne,herecognized William as a brother and equal in Chivalry and fulfilledhisfather's promise by giving William the Heiress Isabel De Clare towed andall of the lands which that entailed. King John beltedWilliam Marshaland named him as Earl of Pembroke on the same day thatJohn himself wascrowned King, May 27, 1199. Later King John accused William of being atraitor and took all of hisEnglish and Welsh castles. He tookMarshall's two older sons hostage,tried to take his lands in Leinsterand even tried to get his ownhouse hold knights to challenge Marshall totrail by combat. Even through all of this William remained loyal to hisking, whichsays alot for his beliefs. William had swore fealty to hislord, andhis word was his bond. To do anything else whould have loweredhisown image of himself. On the death of John, William became regentforthe young King Henry III. Henry was knighted and crowned undertheseal of the Earl of Pembroke.Third Earl of Pembroke 1189-1219(firstof the Marshall line), Earl of Strigoil; Marshall ofEngland,Protector, Regent of the Kingdom 1216-1219. Named in theMagnaCharta, 1215, as an advisor to King John. The Marshal of England.Pembroke, Netherwent, Leinster, Orbec,Bienfaite, half Giffard. MARSHALL, William Earl of Pembroke (I6448)
 
783 He was the 4th Baron of Braoise. DEBRAOSE, William (I7590)
 
784 He was the Archbishop of York from 1190-1212. PLANTAGENET, Geoffrey (I6535)
 
785 He was the Baron of Baynard; Steward to King Henry I; Lord ofLittleDunmow. DE CLARE, Robert (I6554)
 
786 He was the Baron of Tingry. DE FIENNES, Jean (I6471)
 
787 He was the Bishop of Exeter. Bishop of Exeter 1194-1206. MARSHALL, Henry (I6669)
 
788 He was the Count of Clermont in Beauvaisis, France. DE CLAREMONT, Count Hugh (I6718)
 
789 He was the Count of Clermont in Beauvaisis. DE CLERMONT, Renaud II Count of Clermont (I6545)
 
790 He was the Count of Dammartin through his marriage to Matilda (Maud). DE DAMMARTIN, Alberic (I6695)
 
791 He was the Count of Marche & Angouleme. DE LUSIGNAN, Hugh (I6254)
 
792 He was The Count of Marche. He was the Count of Marche and Angouleme. DE LUSIGNAN, Hugh (I6257)
 
793 He was the Count of Poictou. PLANTAGENET, William (I6427)
 
794 He was the Duchess of Huntingdon. DE HUNTINGDON, Margaret (I6204)
 
795 He was the Earl of Chester, and Viscomte d'Avranches. Hedistinguishedhimself as a soldier both on the side of the EmpressMaud and of that ofKing Stephen with impartiality. He was one of thefive earls whowitnessed the Charter to Salisbury granted at thenorthampton Council ofHenry I on September 8, 1131. He took partagainst King Stephen in thebattle of Lincoln February 2, 1141, inwhich Stephen was made prisoner.Stephen retaliated on Ranulph onAugust 29, 1146 by seizing him at courtat Northampton. Ranulph wasgranted the Castle and city of Lincoln after(probably) thepacification of 1151. It is thought that he was poisonedto death byhis wife and William Peverel since he was distrusted by bothsides. Wallop, p. 198: also aka 'de Gernon', also ViscountAvranches;alternate account: d. 16 dec 1153, supposedly poisonedPlantagEncy,167: 5th earl Chester, a great magnate, one of baronswarring vs.Stephen. 1141 helped Angevins capture both king & castle ofLincoln,hoping to get back lands in Carlisle from Scottish king David I.1145,switched sides; but king turned on him, accuing him of treachery&taking his castles. 1149 leading supporter of Henry II. Acc. to RalphofDiceto, he was poisoned by William de Peverel, a Notts. baron.Henry ofHuntingdon said he was 'audacious but lacking in judgement,aiming beyondhis reach; whatever he begins like a man he ends like awoman.' LE MESCHINES, Ranulph IV (I6175)
 
796 He was the Earl of Chester. Lord of Cumberland, vicomte of BayeuxinNormandy; Earl of Chester in 1121; in 1124 commander of theRoyalForces in Normandy. LE MESCHINES, Ranulph III (I6182)
 
797 He was the Earl of Hereford 1141-1143; Sheriff and ConstableofGloucester. He was present at the siege of Shrewsbury in 1138,butjoined the Empress on her arrival in 1139 and took heer toGloucesterwhere he did homage and received from her the castle ofSt.Briavells's and the Forest of Dean. FITZWALTER, Miles (I6558)
 
798 He was the Earl of Hereford. DE BOHUN, Humphrey VII (I6192)
 
799 He was the Earl of Pembroke. Eighth Earl of Pembroke, heir of hisbrotherGilbert. In 1233 he supported his brother Richard against theKing'sforeign favorites, and his lands were forfeited, thoughsubsequently hewas pardoned. In 1239 he was alienated from the Kingdue to the King'shostility to his brother Gilbert. In 1241 he was inthe tournament thatresulted in the death of Gilbert, but the King atfirst refused Walterinvestiture as Earl of Pembroke and MasterMarshal. Later that year herelented and Walter was named Earl andMaster Marshal. He was abenefacotr, or confirmed prior grants, tothe priories of Pembroke,Goldcliff, Stanley and Kells. (CompletePeerage, Vol X:374-75) MARSHAL, Walter Earl of Pembroke (I6674)
 
800 He was the Earl Of Pembrooke.He was the Fifth Earl of Pembroke1219-1231;Master Marshall. Magna Carta Surety, 1215. Weis (Line260-30) has adeath date of April 15, 1231. MARSHALL, Earl William of Pembroke (I6418)
 

      «Prev 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ... 15» Next»