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801 He was the Earl of Surrey. Kin of Mellcene Thurman SmithGenealogyLibrary.com Page 185 NOTE--By the marriage ofWilliam, 2nd Earl Warren and the CountessIsabel, every known Europeanline and also those of the Far East fromearliest history were united.Isabel was twice married; first to Robert de Bellomont, EarlofLiecester, and then to William, 2nd Earl Warren as shownabove.Among the American families which descend from one or other ofthesemarriages are those of Washington, Lincoln, Grant, Roosevelt,Lee,Dewey, Scott, Emerson, Lowell, Dwight, Treat, Wolcott, Bacon,Ballou,Dimock, Sewall, Leavitt, Bulkeley, Cheney, Maxwell, Peck,Edwards,Huntington, Field, Ellsworth--and many others, for mention ofwhichthis space is too limited. All of the above are eligible tomembership in The Order of the FirstCrusade by right of descent fromHugh the Great, one of the sevengreat leaders who carried the Cross toJerusalem in 1096. Of the Barons of Runnymede (1215), the descendants ofat least a dozenare similarly eligible; also many who trace to theearly KnightsGarter, or to certain of the 'Mayflower' passengers. In theScotch line practically all Campbells in America are descendedfromHenry, 1st Earl Huntington (8th from Malcolm I), who married AdaWarren,daughter of the 3rd Earl Warren. The greatest of all heritage is theknowledge that, however,lamentable be our own failure to attain thedesired results in life,there are behind us those who by sacrifice,suffering and undauntedcourage have not only left their mark on theworld of medieval times,but the memory of whose deeds will stand forthas a beacon-light solong as the Christian religion shall endure. Thoughwe cannot attain their heights, yet may we emulate theirexample and keepfresh their memory. DE WARENNE, William II Earl of Surrey (I5261)
802 He was the Earl of Warwick, England. DE BEAUCHAMP, Thomas (I6211)
803 He was the Earl of Warwick. DE BEAUCHAMP, Guy 10th Earl of Warwick (I57342)
804 He was the Earl of Worcester, and Count of Meulan. Waleran, and histwinbrother, Robert, were brought up in the court of Henry I. See TheComplete Peerage, Vol VII, p. 526-530, for furtherinformation. DE BEAUMONT, Waleran (I6680)
805 He was the Lord Mortimer of Wigmore. Though so listed, whether he wastheson of Melisande, or of Ralph's second wife Mabel, is not known.In 1144he initiated the reconquest of the Marches after the revolt ofthe Welshon the death of Henry I by successfully reoccupying thecantreds[districts comprising hundreds of villages] of Maelienydd andElfael andrepairing the castles of Cwmaron and Colwen in Wales. In1145 hecaptured and imprisoned (and in 1148 blinded) the Welsh princeRhys apHowel and in 1146 slew Meredith, son of Madog ap Idnerth, thethen latechieftain of Elfael and Maelienydd (Complete Peerage, Vol.IX, p268-269). DE MORTIMER, Hugh (I6591)
806 He was the Lord of Belvoir. DE TOSNY, Robert (I6687)
807 He was the Lord of Bourne, Deeping and Skellingthorpe in Lincolnshireandfounder of Bourne Abbey. Birth year after 1095 based on the factthathis mother was born after 1080. FITZGILBERT, Baldwin (I6485)
808 He was the Lord of Clare, so named about 1117. He was founder ofthepriory at Tonbridge. He was surprised and slain by the Welsh,nearAbergavenny on April 15, 1136. Birth year after 1095 based onthefact that his mother was born after 1080. DE CLARE, Richard (I6488)
809 He was the Lord of Copeland. LE MESCHINES, William (I6178)
810 He was the Lord of Eggington & Radbourne. DE FERRERS, Robert (I6376)
811 He was the Lord of Skipton-in-Craven, Yorkshire. LE MESCHIN, William (I6592)
812 He was the Lord of Thorngate Castle in Lincoln and of Wichambreux,Kent,Grmston, in County Nottingham, and South Carlton, Thurlby, EagleandSkellingthorpe in Lincolnshire. DE CONDET, Robert (I6690)
813 He was the Lord of Torre, Devonshire and of Horsley, Derbyshire.Hegained control of the Horsley estate and was also granted thehonourof the Lavendon estate in 1204. DE BRIWERE, William (I6349)
814 He was the Lord of Trim. DE GENEVILLE, Piers 'Peter' (I6647)
815 He was the Lord Of Wendover. DE FIENNES, William (I6333)
816 He was the Prince of England, and Earl of Salisbury. Sources differ onmother, and neither is proven. It is eitherAmabilia De Bailleol orAlice De Porhoet He is a natural son of King Henry II. He was named inthe Magna Carta in 1215. From Encyclopedia Britannica, article titled:'Salisbury, WilliamLongsword, 3rd earl of' 'Longsword also spelledLONGESPâEE, an illegitimate son of Henry II ofEngland, and a prominentbaron, soldier, and administrator under Johnand Henry III. He acquiredhis lands and title from Richard I, who in1196 gave him the hand of theheiress Ela, or Isabel, daughter ofWilliam, earl of Salisbury. He heldnumerous official positions inEngland under John. 'He was sent onmissions to France (1202) and to Germany (1209). In1213-14 he organizedJohn's Flemish allies, taking part in thedestruction (1213) of theFrench fleet at Damme, then the port ofBruges, and leading the rightwing of the allied army at Bouvines(July 27, 1214), where he wascaptured. He was exchanged and was backin England by May 1215, when hewas employed by John in inspecting thedefenses of royal castles andfighting the rebels in the southwest. 'During John's war against thebarons, Salisbury deserted the kingafter the landing of Louis of France(May 1216); he returned to royalallegiance, however, by March 1217,fought at Lincoln (May) andSandwich (August), and attested the Treaty ofKingston (September1217). Salisbury held various posts during theminority of Henry IIIand served against the Welsh in 1223 and in Gasconyin 1225. He andhis wife were benefactors of Salisbury Cathedral and laidfoundationstones of the new cathedral in 1220. William was buried thereand hiseffigy, a splendid early example, still survives.' LONGESPEE, William (I6414)
817 He was the Prince of North Wales1137-1170. GWYNED, Owain (I6609)
818 He was the Seigneur De Fienes. DE FIENNES, Enguerrand (I6337)
819 He was the Seventh Baron Mortimer of Wigmore. Edmund succeeded in 10thofEdward I, 1282, and the next year had livery of his lands. Hewasafterwards constantly employed in the Welsh wars, and was summonedtoParliament as a baron from 1294-1302. He was the Lord of Wigmore. DE MORTIMER, Edmund (I6595)
820 He was the Seventh Earl of Pembroke, heir of his brother Richard. MARSHALL, Gilbert (I6455)
821 He was the Sheriff of Chamberlain. DE VERE, Sherriff Aubrey (I6314)
822 He was the third Earl of Pembroke, 1176-1185. DE CLARE, Gilbert (I6452)
823 He was the Vicomte Chateaudun. DE CHATEAUDUN, Geoffrey (I6474)
824 He was the Vicomte of Bayeux in Normandy. LE MESCHIN, Ranulph (I6494)
825 He was the Viscount of Brienne. He was the Viscount of Beaumont. DE BRIENNE, Louis (I6410)
826 He ws the 2ND EARL OF PEMBROKE, EARL OF STRIGUIL, JUSTICIAR OF IRELANDRICHARD HAD THE CHRIST CHURCH CATHEDRAL IN DUBLIN REBUILT IN STONEAFTER1169 FOR THE LAURENCE O'TOOLE, ARCHBISHOP OF DUBLIN. THERE IS AMEMORIALIN THE CATHEDRAL NAVE FOR RICHARD SOURCE--ANCESTRAL ROOTS OF CERTAINAMERICAN COLONISTS WHO CAME TOAMERICA BEFORE 1700, SEVENTH EDITION,COPYRIGHT 1995, PAGE 69 FromEncyclopedia Britannica Online, articletitled 'Pembroke, RichardFitzGilbert, 2nd Earl of:' 'byname RICHARDSTRONGBOW, also called RICHARD DE CLARE, Anglo-Normanlord whose invasionof Ireland in 1170 initiated the opening phase ofthe English conquest.'The son of Gilbert de Clare, 1st Earl of Pembroke, he succeeded tohisfather's estates in southern Wales in 1148/49. Pembroke hadevidentlylost these lands by 1168; it was probably in that year thathe agreed toaid Dermot MacMurrough, king of Leinster, who had beenexpelled from hiskingdom by Roderic (Rory O'Connor), high king ofIreland. King Henry IIof England (reigned 1154-89) granted Pembrokepermission to invadeIreland, and on Aug. 23, 1170, the earl landednear Waterford. Waterfordand Dublin quickly fell to the Normans. After the death ofMacMurrough inMay 1171, Pembroke was besieged in Dublin by Roderic,but in Septemberhis forces broke out and routed Roderic's army. Inorder to preventPembroke from setting himself up as an independentruler, Henry II hadhim acknowledge royal authority over his conquestsin Leinster. Pembrokehelped the king suppress a rebellion in Normandyin 1173-74, and inreturn Henry granted him custody of Wexford,Waterford, and Dublin. Bythe time Pembroke died, all Ireland had beencommitted to his care, butwithin Ireland his supremacy was recognizedonly in Leinster. 'His sonGilbert de Striguil (or Strigoil) died unmarried, certainlybefore 1189,and as a minor was never styled earl. The earldom passedwith Richard'sdaughter Isabel (d. 1220) to her husband WilliamMarshal, the 1st Earl ofPembroke in the Marshal line.' DE CLARE, Earl Richard 'Strongbow' (I6451)
827 head of household SINGLETON, Adeline Bell (I30247)
828 Headstone:"On the Tenth day of December that Precious and Eminent Servantof God deceased, the Elder Thomas Cushman, being entered into the 84thyear of his Age." CUSHMAN, Thomas (I965)
829 heart disease MACDONALD, Mary Elizabeth (I776)
830 heart disease and brain cancer. LANDRY, Dr. Raoul David (I801)
831 heart disease and hypertension. CORBETT, Lt-Col John MacDonald E. D. (I779)
832 heart disease, high blood pressure and stomach ulcers CORBETT, Jessica Norberta (I5)
833 heart disease, high blood pressure and stroke. CORBETT, Ernest Alphonsus (I775)
834 Held fief in Jutland.
See Europäisch Stammtafeln Bund II tafel 89. 
OD NOVGOROD, Ryurik Grand Duke of Novgorod (I295)
835 Held lands in Barberth and Pebidiog in South Wales, as well as inIreland.Killed in the English attack on Anglesea in 1157. FITZHENRY, Henry (I6585)
836 Henry of Scotland (Eanric mac Dabíd, 1114 – 12 June 1152) was a Prince ofScotland, heir to the Kingdom of Alba. He was also Earl ofNorthumberland and Earl of the Honour of Huntingdon and Northampton.
He was the son of King David I of Scotland and Maud, 2nd Countess ofHuntingdon. His maternal grandparents were Waltheof, Earl of Northumbriaand Huntingdon, (beheaded 1075) and his spouse Judith of Lens.
Henry was named after his uncle, King Henry I of England who had marriedhis paternal aunt Edith of Scotland (the name Edith gallicised asMatilda after becoming Queen consort in 1100). He had three sons, two ofwhom became King of Scotland, and a third whose descendants were toprove critical in the later days of the Scottish royal house. He alsohad three daughters.
His eldest son became King of Scots as Malcolm IV in 1153. Henry'ssecond son became king in 1165 on the death of his brother, reigning asWilliam I. Both in their turn inherited the title of Earl of Huntingdon.His third son, David also became Earl of Huntingdon. It is from the 8thEarl that all Kings of Scotland after Margaret, Maid of Norway claimdescent. 
OF SCOTLAND, Henry Earl of Northumbria (I5254)
837 Henry was the first of the Plantagenets, the name coming from thefactthat he was fond of wearing a spring of the broom-plant in hishelmet.From Enclopedia Britannica Online, article titled Henry II: 'bynameHENRY OF ANJOU, HENRY PLANTAGENET, HENRY FITZEMPRESS, OR HENRYCURTMANTLE(SHORT MANTLE) duke of Normandy (from 1150), count of Anjou(from 1151),duke of Aquitaine (from 1152), and king of England (from1154), whogreatly expanded his Anglo-French domains and strengthenedthe royaladministration in England. His quarrels with Thomas Becket,archbishop ofCanterbury, and with members of his family (his wife,Eleanor ofAquitaine, and such sons as Richard the Lion-Heart and JohnLackland)ultimately brought about his defeat. 'Henry II lived in an age ofbiographers and letter writers of genius.John of Salisbury, ThomasBecket, Giraldus Cambrensis, Walter Map,Peter of Blois, and others knewhim well and left their impressions.All agreed on his outstandingability and striking personality andalso recorded his errors and aspectsof his character that appearcontradictory, whereas modern historiansagree upon the difficulty ofreconciling its main features. Without deepreligious or moralconviction, Henry nevertheless was respected by threecontemporary saints, Aelred of Rievaulx, Gilbert ofSempringham, and Hughof Lincoln. Normally an approachable andfaithful friend and master, hecould behave with unreasonableinhumanity. His conduct and aims werealways self-centred, but he wasneither a tyrant nor an odious egoist.Both as man and ruler he lackedthe stamp of greatness that marked Alfredthe Great and William theConqueror. He seemed also to lack wisdom andserenity; and he had nocomprehensive view of the country's interest, noideals of kingship, no sympathetic care for hispeople. But if his reignis to be judged by its consequences forEngland, it undoubtedly standshigh in importance, and Henry, as itsmainspring, appears among the mostnotable of English kings.' HenryII was Count of Anjou (1151-1189)whose family emblem was the'plantegenet', a yellow flowering broom; Dukeof Normandy (1151-1189);Duke of Aquitane (1152-1189) and as King ofEngland (1154-1189), ruledan empire that stretched from the Tweed to thePyrenees. He was theFounder of the Angevin, or Plantagenet, line. Henrywas the first offourteen hereditary kings, who were later referred to inthe historyoracles as Plantagenets. He is more commonly known asFitzEmpress,Henry II Curtmantle, King of England. In spite of frequenthostilities with the French King, his ownfamily and rebellious Barons(culminating in the great revolt of1173-74) and his quarrel with ThomasBecket, Henry II maintainedcontrol over his possessions until shortlybefore his death. Henry II's judicial and administrative reforms,which increasedRoyal control and influence at the expense of the Barons,were ofgreat constitutional importance. Henry II Introduced trial byJury. Henry II, by marrying ELEANOR OF AQUITAINE immediately afterherdivorce from Louis VII, King of France, gained vast territoriesinFrance. Henry had lands reaching for 1000 miles, and it was thisvastdomain, which was called the Angevin Empire. In 1153 he invadedEngland and forced STEPHEN to acknowledge him ashis heir. As king herestored order to war-ravaged England, subduedthe barons, centralizedthe power of government in royalty, andstrengthened royal courts.Henry's desire to increase royal authoritybrought him into conflict withTHOMAS áA BECKET, whom he had made(1162) archbishop of Canterbury. Thequarrel, which focused largely onthe jurisdiction of the church courts,came to a head when Henryissued (1163) the Constitutions of CLARENDON,defining therelationship between church and state, and ended (1170) withBecket'smurder, for which Henry was forced by public indignation todopenance. During his reign he gained northern counties from Scotlandandincreased his French holdings. Henry II was also involved in familystruggles. Encouraged by theirmother and LOUIS VI of France, his threeoldest sons, Henry, RICHARDI, and Geoffrey, rebelled (1173-74) againsthim. The rebellioncollapsed, but at the time of Henry's death, Richardand the youngestson, JOHN, were in the course of another rebellion. Hewasunfortunate in love, relentlessly and romantically pursuing thehandof his wife, Eleanor, who became a selfish spoilt lady, and whoturnedher sons against their own father. Because of the rebellion bytheeldest son, Henry was crushed, and Eleanor was placed underhousearrest for fifteen years. The other brothers placed continualpressureon their father, in alliances with the King of France. Henrydied alonely and grief stricken man deserted by all of those he hadlovedand honored. Contemporaries: Louis VII (King of France, 1137-1180),Thomas Beckett(Archbishop of Canterbury), Pope Adrian IV, Frederick I(FrederickBarbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor, 1152-1190) Henry II, first ofthe Angevin kings, was one of the most effective ofall England'smonarchs. He came to the throne amid the anarchy ofStephen's reign andpromptly collared his errant barons. He refinedNorman government andcreated a capable, self-standing bureaucracy.His energy was equaled onlyby his ambition and intelligence. Henrysurvived wars, rebellion, andcontroversy to successfully rule one ofthe Middle Ages' most powerfulkingdoms. Henry was raised in the French province of Anjou and firstvisitedEngland in 1142 to defend his mother's claim to the disputedthrone ofStephen. His continental possessions were already vast beforehiscoronation: He acquired Normandy and Anjou upon the death ofhisfather in September 1151, and his French holdings more thandoubledwith his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitane (ex-wife of King LouisVII ofFrance). In accordance with the Treaty of Wallingford, asuccessionagreement signed by Stephen and Matilda in 1153, Henry wascrowned inOctober 1154. The continental empire ruled by Henry and hissonsincluded the French counties of Brittany, Maine, Poitou,Touraine,Gascony, Anjou, Aquitane, and Normandy. Henry was technically afeudalvassal of the king of France but, in reality, owned more territoryandwas more powerful than his French lord. Although King John(Henry'sson) lost most of the English holdings in France, English kingslaidclaim to the French throne until the fifteenth century. Henryalsoextended his territory in the British Isles in two significantways.First, he retrieved Cumbria and Northumbria form Malcom IV ofScotlandand settled the Anglo-Scot border in the North. Secondly,although hissuccess with Welsh campaigns was limited, Henry invadedIreland andsecured an English presence on the island. English and Normanbarons in Stephen's reign manipulated feudal law toundermine royalauthority; Henry instituted many reforms to weakentraditional feudalties and strengthen his position. Unauthorizedcastles built during theprevious reign were razed. Monetary paymentsreplaced military service asthe primary duty of vassals. TheExchequer was revitalized to enforceaccurate record keeping and taxcollection. Incompetent sheriffs werereplaced and the authority ofroyal courts was expanded. Henry empowereda new social class ofgovernment clerks that stabilized procedure - thegovernment couldoperate effectively in the king's absence and wouldsubsequently provesufficiently tenacious to survive the reign ofincompetent kings.Henry's reforms allowed the emergence of a body ofcommon law toreplace the disparate customs of feudal and county courts.Jury trialswere initiated to end the old Germanic trials by ordeal orbattle.Henry's systematic approach to law provided a common basisfordevelopment of royal institutions throughout the entire realm. Theprocess of strengthening the royal courts, however, yielded anunexpectedcontroversy. The church courts instituted by William theConqueror becamea safe haven for criminals of varying degree andability, for one infifty of the English population qualified asclerics. Henry wished totransfer sentencing in such cases to theroyal courts, as church courtsmerely demoted clerics to laymen.Thomas Beckett, Henry's close friendand chancellor since 1155, wasnamed Archbishop of Canterbury in June1162 but distanced himself fromHenry and vehemently opposed theweakening of church courts. Beckettfled England in 1164, but through theintervention of Pope Adrian IV(the lone English pope), returned in 1170.He greatly angered Henryby opposing the coronation of Prince Henry.Exasperated, Henryhastily and publicly conveyed his desire to be rid ofthe contentiousArchbishop - four ambitious knights took the king at hisword andmurdered Beckett in his own cathedral on December 29, 1170.Henryendured a rather limited storm of protest over the incident andthecontroversy passed. Henry's plans of dividing his myriad lands andtitles evoked treacheryfrom his sons. At the encouragement - andsometimes because of thetreatment - of their mother, they rebelledagainst their fatherseveral times, often with Louis VII of France astheir accomplice. Thedeaths of Henry the Young King in 1183 and Geoffreyin 1186 gave norespite from his children's rebellious nature; Richard,with theassistance of Philip II Augustus of France, attacked anddefeatedHenry on July 4, 1189 and forced him to accept a humiliatingpeace.Henry II died two days later, on July 6, 1189. A few quotes fromhistoric manuscripts shed a unique light on Henry,Eleanor, and theirsons. From Sir Winston Churchill Kt, 1675: 'Henry II Plantagenet, theveryfirst of that name and race, and the very greatest King thatEnglandever knew, but withal the most unfortunate . . . his deathbeingimputed to those only to whom himself had given life, hisungracioussons. . .' From Sir Richard Baker, A Chronicle of the Kings ofEngland:Concerning endowments of mind, he was of a spirit in thehighestdegree generous . . . His custom was to be always in action; forwhichcause, if he had no real wars, he would have feigned . . . Tohischildren he was both indulgent and hard; for out of indulgencehecaused his son henry to be crowned King in his own time; and outofhardness he caused his younger sons to rebel against him . . .Hemarried Eleanor, daughter of William Duke of Guienne, late wifeofLewis the Seventh of France. PLANTAGENET, Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland.; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany. King Henry II of England (I6491)
838 Henry went from Plymouth to Scituate. He took a letter from the Plymouthchurch to join Rev. John Lothrop's church in Sciutate, where he waselected Ruling Elder on December 15, 1635. COBB, Elder Henry (I1472)
839 her feast day is 14 March VON RINGELHEIM, St. Saint Mathilde Queen of Germany (I4303)
840 Her heart was taken to London where it was buried at the Franciscan priory. DE PROVENCE, Eleanor Queen consort of England (I38314)
841 her mother tongue was French CRISPO, Anna (I784)
842 Her obituary states: "Mrs. Cobb had vivid recollections of the indianswho sometimes invaded the house in which she lived and withcharacteristic savage audacity took everything in sight which attractedtheir eye. SCOTT, Catharine (I1396)
843 Her remains are later removed to Winchester Cathedral Saint Ethelswitha (I5280)
844 Her remains were later translated to the Escorial in Madrid, Spain, herhead being buried in the Jesuit College at Douai, France. OF ENGLAND, Saint Margaret (I5258)
845 His ancestry reputedly goes back to the legendary Premysl. Converted byMethodius to Christianity, he was the last pagan Duke of Bohemia. Duke Borijov I od Bohemia (I64)
846 his army was defeated by Emperor Otto the Great OF HUNGARY, Prince Taksony (I4627)
847 his bones are now in one of the mortuary chests here. OF WESSEX, Egbert King of Wessex and Kent (I5283)
848 His father died when he was only a child and it was his mother, theformidable Olga, who ruled Kiev until he was old enough to take charge.He then defeated the Khazars, the Ossetians and the Circassians but, in968 while he was away from Kiev, he almost lost his home base when itwas attacked by the Pechenegs. Having extended his territories into theBalkans, in 969 he was threatened by the Byzantines as they wanted himto withdraw. When he attacked the Empire he was defeated and the treatythat followed forced him to return to Kiev. However, in 971 he returnedand this time was more successful, almost reaching Constantinople. TheEmperor bought him off with gifts and Svjatoslav also asked for gifts tobe given to the families of the men who had died in the battles. Havingmade his peace with the Emperor, he returned. However, the people ofPereyaslavets warned the Pechenegs that Svjatoslav was on his way withonly a small company of men. Returning by boat, Svjatoslav approachedrapids and, as it was not possible to pass through, he decided to winterthere. In the spring of 972 Svjatoslav again approached the rapids butthe Pechenegs, waiting for him, and attacked and killed him. Taking hishead, made a cup of his and, putting metal around the forehead, anddrank from it. IGOROVICH, Grand Duke of Kiev Svyatoslav I (I268)
849 His father's only surviving son, he was crowned emperor by his father in813 without assistance from the clergy. However, in 816 he was anointedby the pope, implying that the honour depended upon the pope. In 817 heissued the "Ordinatio Imperii" which effectively divided the Empirebetween his three sons. However, this was not the only reason for thedisintegration of the Carolingian Empire. High offices had becomehereditary and so less subject to the Emperor's favour. As well, theVikings began raiding the Empire more frequently. Just as Charlemagnehad been a Frankish warrior, Louis saw himself as a servant of theChurch. As a result, where the papal elections had previously requiredthe imperial approval, this was no longer the case under the rule ofLouis the Pious. In 817 he brutally suppressed his nephew, Bernard ofItaly; however, feeling guilty about the brutality, in 821 he pardonedthose involved in the uprising, only to have this public confessionabout his guilt interpreted by the Frankish nobles in 822 as a sign ofweakness. By now he had lost control over both church and nobility and,as well, as a widower he had married again and a fourth son was born.Now he was also going to be plagued by dynastic problems. His secondwife, Judith, wanting the largest part of the empire for her son, joinedforces with Louis's sons, Ludwig the German and Pippin, against Lothar,the eldest son. The results were that two factions developed in theEmpire, one wanting to keep the Empire united and the other to continuethe Frankish custom of dividing lands between all sons. In 829 Judithpursuaded Louis the Pious to set aside his settlement of 817 and includeJudith's son, Charles, in the partition of the Empire. However, Ludwigthe German and Pippin, jealous of Charles's portion, joined forces withLothar, their eldest brother and, in 830, rebelled against their father.The eldest three sons, supported by Pope Gregory IV, defeated theirfather in 833. Lothar was restored as Emperor designate and Louis thePious was forced to perform a humiliating penance. However, Ludwig theGerman and Pippin were still dissatisfied and again took up arms. In 838Pippin died followed, in 840, by Louis the Pious; but it took until 843when, at Verdun, the Frankish tradition triumphed and the Empire wasdivided between the three surviving sons.

Profession : Roi d'Aquitaine en 781, Empereur d'Occident de 814 au 20Juin 840. 
Empereur Louis 'Le Pieux' roi d'Aquitaine (I4753)
850 his remains were later removed to Dumferline Abbey, Fife, and later,still, to the Escorial, Madrid, Spain MAC DONNCHADA, King Máel Coluim King of Scots (I5257)
851 Hroðgar, Hrothgar, Hróarr, Hroar, Roar, Roas or Ro was a legendary Danishking, living in the early 6th century.
A Danish king Hroðgar appears in the Anglo-Saxon epics Beowulf andWidsith, and also in Norse sagas, Norse poems, and medieval Danishchronicles. In both Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian tradition, Hroðgar is aScylding, the son of Healfdene, the brother of Halga, and the uncle ofHroðulf. Moreover, in both traditions, the mentioned characters were thecontemporaries of the Swedish king Eadgils; and both traditions alsomention a feud with men named Froda and Ingeld. The consensus view isthat Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian traditions describe the same person 
HALFDANSSON, Hroar (I5416)
852 http://www.auxancienscanadiens.qc.ca/Historiq.html est le site web oul'on parle de la maison Jacquet (maintenant restaurant) contruit parPierre Ménage MÉNAGE, Pierre (I3232)
853 http://www.castlewales.com/tintern.html DE CLARE, Earl Gilbert (I6263)
854 Hugh was employed in the conquest of Ireland, and for his servicesthereobtained from Henry II the whole county of Meath. He wassubsequentlyconstituted Governor of Dublin, and Justice of Ireland.But incurring thedispleasure of his royal master by marrying, withoutlicense, thedaughter of the King of Connaught, he was divested, in1181, of thecustody of the metropolis of Dublin. In four years he wasmurdered by oneMalvo Miadaich, in revenge for the severity with whichhe had treated theworkmen employed by him in erecting the Castle ofLurhedy. He left issueWalter, his successor, Hugh, Constable ofIreland, and a daughter,Elayne. DE LACY, Hugh (I6264)
855 Hugh Webb wrote:
In 1755 the Acadians were expelled from Nova Scotia. Thissituationexplains why Jeanne was born in France. Her parents were bornin Canada.The D'Aigles upon returning went to the Bonaventure region ofthe GaspePeninsula and then Nova Scotia and Cape Breton Island. 
D'AIGLE, Francoise Jeanne (I7040)
856 Hugh Webb wrote:
Land transactions at Guysborough, N.S. Registry of Deeds in INDEX # 1(1785 - 1815 ). James Imlay to Michael Webb Harbour au Bouche Bk.C.;1796; Deed ./// . Michael Webb to Timothy W. Herlihy - Antigonish Bk.C;pg. 64; 1798; deed .///.

Michael was bapitized at Queen's Chapel (Anglican) Portsmouth,NewHampshire, USA 
WEBB, Michael Theodore (I7052)
857 Hugh Webb wrote:
The Crispo name is Spansish or Portugese 
CRISPO, Marc (I7038)
858 Humphrey was Earl Hereford and Constable of England in right ofhismother, if the chronicles of Lathony be correct. His lordshipmarriedMargaret of Scotland (daughter of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon, andAdade Warren; son of David I, King of Scotland, and Maud; daughterofWaltheof and Judith; daughter of Adelaide; sister of William,theConqueror). David I of Scotland was son of Malcolm III, KingofScotland, and Margaret, princess and heiress of the Saxon royalline.Thus bringing into the de Bohun family the royal English,Saxon,Scottish, French and Dukes of Normandy. Upon the death of MilodeGlos in 1146, this Humphrey IV assumed thetitle of Earl of Hereford,but died before his father, hence was neverconfirmed in it. Thehereditary right descended to his son. He was the Earl of Hereford. DE BOHUN, Humphrey IV (I6214)
859 Humphrey was Steward and Sewer to King Henry I. This feudal lordmarriedMargery, daughter of Milo de Gloucester, Earl of Hereford,Lord HighConstable of England, last Lord Hereford of that family. Shewas co-heirwith her sister Mabel. At the instigation of which Milo heespoused thecause of the Empress Maud and her son, afterwards HenryII, against theKing Stephen, and so faithfully maintained hisallegiance that theEmpress, by her especial charter, granted him theoffice of steward andsewer, both in Normandy and England. In the 20thof Henry II thisHumphrey accompanied Richard de Lacy, Justice ofEngland, into Scotlandwith a powerful army to waste that country, andwas one of the witnessesto the accord made by William, King of Scots,and King Henry as to thesubjection of that kingdom to the crown ofEngland. Humphrey, third Baronde Bohon (1109-87) succeeded his father Humphreythe great in 1129 andbecame involved in the struggle for the throneof England on the death ofHenry I in 1134. When King Henry II becameking, Sir Humphrey becameSteward of Henry II's household and waslater named hereditary Constableof England, a position previouslyheld by his father-in-law and then byhis brother-in-law. Humphrey, in1138, had married Margaret, daughter ofMiles of Gloucester, Earl ofHereford and High Constable of England. WhenMiles sons died heirless,Henry II gave the title of High Constable toMiles' son-in-law,Humphrey, 3rd Baron de Bohon. Humphrey and Margaret ofGloucester hadfive sons, Humphrey, Richard, John, Miles and Robert. KingHenry II (1154-89) had many difficulties during his reign,includingnumerous revolts led by his sons. Humphrey (1109-87) thethird Baron deBohon, and his eldest son, Sir Humphrey (1141-83)usually known as theYoung Earl of Hereford, remained loyal to HenryII throughout his reign.Sir John de Bohon, the third son, was a veryclose friend and supporterof Henry II's 4th son Geoffrey as long asGeoffrey lived. Sir Robert deBohon, the youngest son, was a veryclose friend of Prince Henry; HenryII's second son and heir. Sir Robert le Bon died in 1183, four yearsbefore his father BaronHumphrey de Bohon's death. Consequently, whenHumphrey the third Barondied in 1187, he was succeeded by his 12 yearold grandson, Henry(1176-1220) as fourth Baron de Bohon. Upon coming ofage, Henry wasknighted and made High Constable of England and held manorhouses andcastles at Caldicot, Haresfield, Oaksey and Walden in additionto themain Hereford holdings. DE BOHUN, Humphrey III (I6215)
860 hypertension & cardiac MORIN, Marie Cécile (I830)
861 hypertension, maladie coronarienne et accident cerebro-vasculaire MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
862 I have been told that Margaret enjoyed smoking her pipe. At. Arisaig, N.S. on Friday, March 19, 1926, Margaret relict of Donald Ross anddaughter of Alexander Gillis, Alasdair Maclain bhan, at the venerableage of 93 years. In her last illness, she was often fortified by thesacraments of Holy Church, and was accorded the rare favor of dying onthe Feast of Saint Joseph, the glorious patron of a happy death. And herlive was exemplary as her death was happy. Of her family of tenchildren, seven survive, namely John, Arisaig; William J., Antigonish;Ronald, Newton, Mass.; Mrs John C. MacDonald, Vancouver, B. C.; Mrs AlexJ. MacDonald, Maryvale, N. S. ; Mrs. Alex A. MacDonald, and Mrs. RonaldMcInnis, Lourdes, N. S. Her funeral was largely attended. The requiemmass was celebrated by Rev. J. J. MacKinnon, a nephew of the deceased,and Father Rankin, the pastor, officiated at the grave. Eternal restgrant to her, O Lord. and let light perpetual shine upon her. GILLIS, Margaret T (I1211)
863 III PASQUIER DE FRANCLIEU, Pierre écuyer (I5040)
864 Il a les yeux crevés par son frère Hunald en 745. DE GASCOGNE, Hatton (I5765)
865 Il accompagna en 1147 ses frères Louis VII de France et Robert Ier de Dreux à la deuxième croisade, prenant part à tous les combats dont celui de Laodicée et au siège de Damas (1148). Parmi les croisés il y avait également Renaud de Courtenay, le père de sa future femme Élisabeth de Courtenay. DE COURTENAY, Pierre I Sieur de Courtenay Montargis Châteaurenard Champignelles Tanlay Charny et Chantecoq. (I8777)
866 Il descend de Saint Liutwin, évêque de Trèves. Profession : Religieux auMans en 643. DE TREVES, Bodilon (I5654)
867 Il est arrive a quebec en 1641 sur le navire qui amenait Maisonneuve, lefondateur de Montreal. Associe aux Gagnon, il defricha des terres aChateau-Richer tout en poursuivant son commerce a Quebec. Il futegalement maçon et charpentier et participa, en 1647 et 1648, a laconstruction du Chateau St-Louis, elevé par le Gouverneur de Montmagny,et de la premiere eglise de Quebec. Ses onze enfants savaient tous lireet ecrire, fair rare a cette epoque. GRAVEL, Joseph-Massé d. Brindelière (I3778)
868 Il était capitaine de la milice BELANGER, François (I2210)
869 Il était le Seigneur de Port-Daniel près de la Baie des Chaleurs. DENEAU, René (I1260)
870 Il fait son testament suite à une maladie ou une blessure? DE BAILLON, Sr de Valence et de la Mascotterie escuyer Alphonse (I3314)
871 Il obtint, en 1651, une concession au pied de la cote de la Montagne, ouil batit une maison.. En 1656 il recevait un second lot (no 2126) sur lerivage. Il y construisit deux ans plus tard une maison de bois qu'ilhabita avant de la vendre en 1665. CLOUTIER, Zacharie (I3124)
872 Il prit Rome le 23 août 476. Profession : Roi des Hérules (peuplade demercenaires venus de Poméranie) puis d'Italie HÉRULE, Odoacre Ier (I5520)
873 Il semble, d'après l'Histoire de l'Alsace de Philippe Dollinger & RaymondOberlé, qu'il n'ait jamais régné, le duché d'Alsace ayant été intégré auroyaume Franc. D'ALSACE, Liutfrid II (I5831)
874 Il signait d'un dessin en forme de hache CLOUTIER, Zacharie (I3124)
875 In 1131, at the age of eleven, he was anointed as his father's successor;and when his father died in 1137 he became sole ruler of France. In thesame year he married Eleanore de Poitou, Duchess of Aquitaine, soextending the Capetingian lands to the Pyrenees. He continued hisfather's program of appointing trustworthy people of lower origin to theadministration of his government, thus improving the prestige of themonarchy. From 1141 to 1143 he was involved in a fruitless conflict withThibaut, Count of Champagne, and the papacy. After this period hisrelations with the popes improved to such an extent that he supportedPope Alexander II against Frederick Barbarossa and even allowed the poperefuge in France. However, the main threats to his kingdom came fromGeoffrey, Count of Anjou, and later from Geoffrey's son, the futureHenry II, King of England. When Louis VII went on crusade, he took hiswife with him. However, on their return he divorced her, the groundsofficially being consanguinity, but the reasons were her rumouredaffairs. Almost immediately she married King Henry II of England, takingAquitaine with her. Louis VII then married Constance of Castile and,when she died, he married Alix de Champagne who became the mother of hisson and heir, the future King Philippe II August. Louis VII might havedefeated King Henry II had he made a concerted attack instead of thehalf-hearted attacks on Normandy, while at the same time France wasspared attacks from the Anglo-Normans because of their internalquarrels. He also benefited from the long-standing quarrel between HenryII and Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, and a revolt of Henry'ssons. @ M k EAlix de Blois-Champagne F E(1140-1206), Page 2. FKing Louis VII of France was in urgent need of a son and heir as hisfirst two wives, Eleonore de Poitou and Constance of Castile, had madehim the father of only four girls. And so, on 13 November 1160, only amonth after the death of his second wife, he married Alix de Blois. In1165 she became the mother of a son, Philippe II August, later to befollowed by two more daughters. In 1180, Louis VII died, making the15-year-old Philippe II king of an area little larger than the Ile deFrance. Perhaps this was the reason why he took some of his mother'scastles, causing a quarrel. However, these disagreements were settledand, when Philippe II went on crusade (1190-1191), she acted as hisRegent. Louis VII roi de France (I4283)
876 In 1631, Charles de La Tour gave to Philippe Mius d'Entremont the choiceto settle wherever he would like. He chose what was then known to theIndians as Pobomcoup, (a place where holes have been made through theice to fish). Charles La Tour erected the place into a barony, the firstever constituted in Acadia, and the second in all Canada. He gave toPhilippe Mius d'Entremont the title of Baron. The centre of the baronywas located on the east side of the harbour, not far from its head. Itwas at this time, 1653, that Philippe came to live here with his wife(Madeleine Helie) and their daughter (Marguerite). Who was born inFrance and was to become the wife of Pierre Melanson, the founder ofGrand-Pre. It is here that Philippe's four sons (Jacques, Abraham,Philippe, and Madeleine) were born. Philippe having been named AttorneyGeneral of the King in Acadia, had to follow the Governor wherever hewould be. That is why he did not stay very long at the barony. He diedin Grand-Pré in 1700, probably at his daughter's , being about the ageof 91. Charles La Tour, died in 1663. MIUS, Lieutenant-Major Philippe Sieur d'Entremont Baron de de Pob (I4490)
877 In 1639 Henry removed with Rev. Lothrops to Barnstable where he settledpermanently. He was a deacon 44 years, and ordained Elder in 1670.Served as Deputy in the Plymouth Court or Legislature for 7 years. Was auseful and valuable man. Died in 1679, when he was about 83 years old.The descendants of Henry Cobb are very numerous and are at the presenttime very widely scattered. They were of the true Pilgrim stock and ithas always been a deeply religious family, numbering many Ministers andDeacons among its members, and as a class have been noted for theirloyalty to the church. COBB, Elder Henry (I1472)
878 In 1837 he was 'set apart' for the office of Deacon in the M.E. Church,by Bishop Waugh, at Hallowell, Maine. He held charges in Maine fromabout l839 to 1843, at Alfred, Hallowell and Kennebunkport. BRAGDON, Charles Powers (I944)
879 In 1855 he was given a charge in the Rock River Conference at the town ofWaukegan, Illinois. He also had charges in Elgin and Evanston. On Sept.24, 1860, he writes to Mrs. Caldwell from Evanston: "All well but me"and adds that he will take work again soon in Rock River Conference, butthat he would like to return to New York State, although he could not doso at once because it would be difficult to dispose of his property toadvantage . A further consideration was that two of his children werestudents in Northwestern University. BRAGDON, Charles Powers (I944)
880 In 495 he came over to England with his father and, in 534, succeeded himas King of the West Saxons (Wessex). In 552 he fought with the Britonson the spot that is called Sarum, putting them to flight.

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

Profession : Roi de Wessex de 542 à 560. Les sources britanniques lesplus répandues ne connaissent qu'un seul Cynric, fils, et nonpetit-fils, de Cerdic, qui aurait régné de 534 à 560. Mais ce Cynric estdéjà attesté (jeune) adulte en 495 ! 
OF WESSEX, Cynric King of Wessex (I714)
881 In 613 he was responsible for the downfall of Queen Brunhild and in 622was appointed as advisor of King Dagobert I. However, in 629 he wasbanished to Orl‚ans but, in 630, returned to the court in Paris. In 639he was appointed 'major domus' in Austrasia but died about a year later.

Profession : Maire.du.palais d'Austrasie (617/618-639) 
DE LANDEN, Pépin Ier Le Vieux (I5633)
882 In 800 at the decease of King Brithric, Egbert was called by the voice ofhis countrymen to assume the Government of Wessex, and he subsequentlysucceeded in reducing all the Kingdoms of the Heptarchy under his sway.His reign, a long and glorious one, is memorable for the great victorieshe achieved over the Danes. See Europaisch Stammtafeln Bund II tafel 58.

became 'Subregulus" of Kent in 790/96, and succeeded Beorthric as king ofWessex in 802. There is no record of his coronation. From 825 onwards,he had established his supremacy over all other rulers in England, andwas effective overlord of all the south-eastern kingdoms. In 829, hesucceeded Wiglaf as King of Mercia, although he was expelled thefollowing year.
Expelled from England, he sought refuge at the Frankish Court where hemet and married his wife, Raedburh or Redburga, who was perhaps a nieceof Charlemagne. Returned to England, he peacefully became King of Wessexin 802 after the death of King Beorhtric. Ostensibly they lived in peaceas for many years nothing was recorded until 825 when he defeatedBeornwulf, King of Mercia. Egbert's son Aethelwulf drove King Baldred ofKent out of his kingdom of Kent and, by 829, Egbert was regarded as kingof all England. Still peace did not prevail as the invading Danes werethen helped by the Cornish, only to be expelled by Egbert who wasprobably in his sixties when he died in 839. 
OF WESSEX, Egbert King of Wessex and Kent (I5283)
883 In 840 he became Count of Maasgau and, from 846 till 849, Count ofLommengau. He abducted Irmingard, daughter of the Emperor Lothar, andmarried her in Aquitaine before March 846. It was only after the diet inThionville, October 848, that the Emperor made his peace with him. In863 Giselbert also became Count of Darnau and died after 14 July 877. Giselbert Count in Maasgau (I4857)
884 In 917 the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded: "Many people who had beenunder the rule of the Danes both in East Anglia and in Essex submittedto him; and all the army in East Anglia swore agreement with him, thatthey would agree to all that he would, and would keep peace with allwith whom the king wishes to keep peace, both at sea and on land."Overshadowed by his father Alfred and upstaged by his son Athelstan, itwas Edward who reconquered much of England from the Danes (909-919),established an administration for the kingdom of England, and securedthe allegiance of Danes, Scots, Britons, and English. Using Alfred'smethods and in alliance with Mercia, he spread English influence andcontrol. The Danes of Northumbria were defeated (910) at Tettenhall (inStaffordshire), the Viking kingdom of York acknowledged his power in918, and most Welsh kings submitted to him. In 921 the submission of notonly Viking York and Northumbria but also of the kings of Strathclydeand of the Scots gave his kingdom primacy in the British Isles. Edwardwas a patient planner, systematic organizer, a bold soldier; by the timehe died, he had completed the New Minster at Winchester where he himselfwas buried. Though twice married, his eldest son and successor,Athelstan, was the son of a mistress.

defeated the Danes and took East Anglia

conquered Mercia

conquered Northumbria 
OF ENGLAND, Edward the Elder (I4310)
885 In Annie's father's Will, she was given the 75 acres of land which wasapparently meant for farming [most or all would have been south of thepublic road judging by the Will]. RANDALL, Annie Smith (I3898)
886 in battle DE POITOU, Ranulf I Duc D'Aquitaine (I4582)
887 in battle DE POITOU, Ranulf I Duc D'Aquitaine (I4582)
888 in battle Luitpold Markgraf (I4637)
889 in battle against the Fresians Arnulf Count of Holland (I4377)
890 in captivity DE NORMANDIE, Robert (I4571)
891 In charge of Dover Castle and of the Honour of Peverel of doverin1157-58; held lands at Eaton, Bedford, and Wendover in Buckshire. BOULOGNE, FARAMUS of (I6601)
892 in childbirth OF FLANDERS, Gundred Countess of Surrey (I5263)
893 in medicine at the Chicago Medical College, the Hahnemon Medical Schoolin Philadelphia and took surgical training in Vienna, Austria BRAGDON, Dr. Merritt Caldwell M. D. (I941)
894 In the name of God, amen.
On the 23rd day of August 1763 I Samuel Cushman of Attleboro in theCounty of Bristol in the Province of the Massachussetts Bay in the NewEngland, yeoman, being of perfect mind and memory, blessed be God for itand calling all men once to die do make this my last will and testamentand principally and first of all give and recomend my soul to the Handsof God who gave it and my body I recommend to the earth to be buried ina decent christian burial at the discretion of my executor after namednothing doubting but that the general resurection of ye body I shallreceive ye same again by ye mighty power of God and as touching allwordly goods or estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in thislife and world I give and dispose of in the following manner and form.
I give to Fear my dearly beloved wife a fire-room in my house where sheshall choose to dwell in also what room in ye chamber and cellar sheshall need. Likewise I give to my wife ye use of all my household goodswithin doors further my will is that my two daughters Desire Foster andMercy Fuller shall have all my household goods which remain after mywife Fear decease (the hatchel only excepted) 
CUSHMAN, Samuel (I1858)
895 Incertain : certains auteurs l'appellent Hersent de FRANCE ou Albérade deMONS. DE LORRAINE, Albérade ou Hersent (I6000)
896 Incertain : d'autres sources en font le fils d'Amalaric, frère deGésalic, et de Clotilde de Francie, fille de Clovis Ier Roi des Francs. DE WISIGOTHIE, Athanagilde Ier (I5565)
897 Incertain : Stuart donne bien deux Hugues père et fils, mais il sembleavoir fait quelques confusions dans les datations. Profession : Comtede Tours. DE TOURS, Hugues III (I5938)
898 Inhumé dans la chapelle de l'Hotel-Dieu, en reconnaissance de donationsfaites par lui à cette institution. COUILLARD, Guillaume de l'Espinay (I2168)
899 inhumée au cimetière de la cathedrale de Quebec. MIVILLE, Marie Catherine (I5193)
900 interested in public affairs BRAGDON, Dr. Merritt Caldwell M. D. (I941)
901 interprete et commis de la Compagnie des Cent-Associés, agent de liaisonentre les Français et les Indiens, explorateur, né vers 1598,probablement à Cherbourg à Cherbourg (Normandie), de Thomas Nicollet,messager postal ordinaire du roi entre Cherbourg et Paris, et de Mariede Lamer, noyé près de Sillery le 27 octobre 1642.
Nicollet arriva au Canada en 1618, au service de la Compagnie desMarchands de Rouen et de Saint-Malo. Comme Marsolet et Brùlé, On ledestinait à vivre parmi les Indiens alliés afin qu'il apprît leurlangue, leurs coutumes et explorât les régions qu'ils habitaient. On nesait rien de son éducation ni de son tempérament, sauf cette remarque dupère Vimont, en 1643 : « son humeur & sa mémoire excellente firentespérer quelque chose de bon de luy ».
Champlain, lors de ses explorations, était entré en relations avec lesAlgonquins de l'Outaouais (Ottawa) supérieur. On présume que, désireuxde consolider une alliance à peine ébauchée, c'est lui qui chargeaNicollet, l'année de son arrivée, de se rendre hiverner à l'île auxAllumettes. Cet endroit était le centre de ralliement de la grandefamille algonquine commandée par Tessouat (mort en 1636). L'île étaitsituée en un lieu stratégique sur l'Outaouais, la route des fourrures.Il importait, dans l'intérêt du commerce, que les tribus qui vivaientsur les bords de l'Outaouais fussent amies des Français. Nicollet restadeux ans à l'île aux Allumettes, s'acquittant fort bien de sa mission.Il apprit le huron et l'algonquin, vécut la vie précaire des indigènes,s'initia à leurs coutumes et explora la région. Les Algonquins netardèrent pas à le considérer comme l'un des leurs. Ils le firentcapitaine, lui permirent d'assister à leurs conseils et l'emmenèrentmême chez les Iroquois négocier un traité de paix.
Nicollet revint à Québec en 1620. Il rendit compte de sa mission et enreçut une nouvelle : entrer en rapport avec les Népissingues quivivaient sur les bords du lac du même nom. Ces indiens occupaient chaqueannée une place plus importante dans le commerce des fourrures, seposant en intermédiaires entre les Français et les tribus indiennes del'Ouest et de la baie d'Hudson. Nicollet devait consolider leur allianceavec les Français et veiller à ce que leurs fourrures ne prennent pas laroute de l'Hudson.
Dès l'été 1620, Nicollet se rendit chez les Népissingues. Neuf annéesdurant, il allait vivre parmi eux. Il avait sa cabane à part et unmagasin. Le jour, il commerçait avec les Indiens des différentes tribusqui se rendaient sur les bords du lac des Népissingues (Nipissing) etles interrogeait sur leur pays ; le soir, il notait par écrit ce qu'ilavait recueilli. Ces mémoires de Nicollet, malheureusement perdusaujourd'hui, nous sont parvenus indirectement par les Relations. Le pèrePaul le Jeune, qui a pu les consulter, s'en inspira pour décrire lesmoeurs des indiens de cette région.
Lors de la prise de Québec par les Anglais en 1629, Nicollet, fidèle àla France, se réfugia au pays des Hurons. Il contrecarra tous les plansdes Anglais pour amener les Indiens à commercer avec eux.
Nicollet parut à Trois-Rivières et à Québec en 1633. Il demanda lapermission de s'établir à Trois-Rivières à titre de commis de laCompagnie des Cent-Associés. On accéda volontiers à son désir.Cependant, avant d'assumer ses nouvelles fonctions, il fut prié, sansdoute par Champlain, d'entreprendre un voyage d'exploration et depacification chez les Gens de Mer, appelés aussi Puants, Ounipigons ouWinnebagoes. Ces Indiens vivaient au fond de la baie des Puants (GreenBay), entourés de tribus algonquines avec qui ils étaient en froid ausujet du commerce des fourrures Une alliance entre les Gens de Mer etles Hollandais de l'Hudson était à craindre. Il fallait rétablir la paixau plus tôt dans cette région. Nicollet devait en profiter aussi pourvérifier les renseignements qu'il avait recueillis concernant la mer deChine qui, selon les Indiens, était à proximité de la baie des Puants.Aussi Nicollet se munit-il, avant son départ, d'une robe de damas deChine, toute parsemée de fleurs et d'oiseaux multicolores.
Nicollet se mit en route durant l'été de 1634, probablement à lami-juillet. Il suivit la route traditionnelle de l'Outaouais, bifurqua àl'île aux Allumettes en direction du lac des Népissingues puis descenditla rivière des Français pour atteindre le lac des Hurons. Cheminfaisant, il recruta une escorte de sept Hurons. Il se dirigea versMichillimakînac, pénétra dans le lac Michigan et atteignit la baie desPuants. Revêtu de sa robe de damas, il sema un moment l'épouvante parmiles Winnebagoes, qui le prirent pour un dieu. Il réunit 4 000 ou 5 000hommes, groupant les différentes tribus de J'endroit qui, dans la fuméedes calumets, conclurent la paix.
Nicollet avait atteint le premier objectif de son voyage.Malheureusement, il-n'avait pas trouvé la mer de Chine. En vaindescendit-il la rivière aux Renards jusqu'à un village de Mascoutens,situé à trois jours de la rivière Wisconsin, affluent du Mississipi. Unepercée vers le Sud, en direction de la rivière des Minois, ne fut guèreplus fructueuse. Sans doute déçu du succès partiel de sa mission, ilrevint à Québec à l'automne de 1635. Il n'en reste pas moins qu'il futle premier Blanc à explorer la région du Nord-Ouest américain actuel.
Nicollet s'installa définitivement à TroisRivières, en qualité de commisde la Compagnie des Cent-Associés. Il reçut une « concession de 160arpents de bois en commun avec Olivier Letardif dans la banlieue le 23mai 1637 ». Ce serait à la meme époque qu'il aurait obtenu, encopropriété avec son beau-frère Letardif, le fief de Belleborne, situéprobablement dans les plaines d'Abraham, à Québec. Il épousa, en octobre1637, Marguerite, fille de Guillaume Couillard et de Guillemette Hébert,qui lui donna un garçon et une fille. Cette dernière, prénomméeMarguerite, devint la femme de Jean-Baptiste Legardeur de Repentigny,membre du Conseil souverain. Jusqu'à sa mort, Nicollet apparaît commeune figure dominante du bourg de Trois-Rivières. Les services signalésqu'il a rendus à la colonie, sa connaissance des langues et des coutumesindiennes lui valurent le respect de tous.
Les Relations des Jésuites font souvent l'éloge de sa conduiteexemplaire : à l'encontre de la plupart des coureurs de bois de sontemps, Nicollet aurait toujours vécu suivant les principes de sareligion. Pourtant, il eut en 1628 une fille naturelle née probablementd'une Népissingue. En 1633, il demanda à rester à Trois-Rivières, « pourmettre, rapporte le père Le Jeune, son salut en assurance dans l'usagedes sacrements ». Sa plus grande joie, dans les moments de loisirs quelui laissaient ses fonctions, était de servir d'interprète auxmissionnaires et d'enseigner la religion aux Indiens.
Nicollet mourut prématurément à Québec en 1642. Il remplaçaittemporairement le commis général de la compagnie, son beau-frèreLetardif, quand on lui demanda de se rendre au plus tôt à Trois-Rivièrespour délivrer un prisonnier iroquois que les Hurons s'apprêtaient àtorturer. La chaloupe qui le transportait vers Trois-Rivières futrenversée par un fort coup de vent, près de Sillery. Ne sachant pasnager, il se noya. 
NICOLET, Jean Sieur de Belleborne (I3535)
902 interprète, commmis de la Compagnie des Cent-Associés, agent de liaisonentre les Français et les indiens, explorateur NICOLET, Jean Sieur de Belleborne (I3535)
903 Invalid endowment temple code: Slak. DE BOURGOGNE, Ermengarde Countess of Vermandois (I262)
904 inventaire 22-12-1727 Michon CHOUINARD, Jacques (I4217)
905 inventaire 23-02-1679 Vachon LEBLOND, Nicolas (I3100)
906 inventaire Filion VALLÉE, Pierre (I3377)
907 Ira and his brother William were both named in the Hallowell Grant,Guysboro County, Nova Scotia. 'Ira Atwater apparently returned toYalesville, Conn., and has not been trace.' [Jost, page 397] ATWATER, Ira (I3960)
908 Irish

Married at St. James Presbyterian church. 
RANDALL, Harriet Grace (I3884)
909 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I932)
910 is listed in the Parliamentary Guide for 1905: CORBETT, JOHN EDWARD. S.of Edward Corbett, who was 42 yrs. Postmaster and Customs officer atHarbor Bouche, N.S. B. in Antigonish, Sept. 8, 1850. Ed. at Com. Sch.M., Annie Crispo, d. of Michael Crispo, Merchant and Ship Owner. Was15 yrs. mem. of Municipal Council of Antigonish Co. Resigned Wardenshipof Co. in 1896 to take seat in Legislative Council. A Liberal. CORBETT, Honorable John Edward MLC (I783)
911 is mentionned in the will of her grandmother Elizabeth Tilley Howland CUSHMAN, Desire (I1839)
912 Isabella was betrothed to Hugh before she married John, King ofEngland.After John's death she retired to her native city andeventually marriedHugh after about 3 years. ANGOULÊME, Isabella De Taillefer of (I6248)
913 ISBN 2-89448-305-8 Source (S188)
914 Issuer of Marriage Licences and Deputy Registrar of Marriages , Birthsand Deaths for the County of Antigonish CORBETT, Squire Edward (I1045)
915 It appears that he was once the King, as well as one time CountofBrienne. What exactly is his title is uncertian to me! KingofJerusalem; Regent of Jerusalem 1212-1225. Emperor ofConstantinople1228-1237. DE BRIENNE, John (I6292)
916 It is known that Agatha was a mistress of John, but it is onlysuppositionthat she is the mother of his child. DEFERRERS, Agatha (I7617)
917 It is possible that he was born in 1175. D'AUBIGNEY, William (I6665)
918 It is possible that her father was Hilderic, King of The Vandals, whichwould open a line to Genseric, a Vandal who conquered much of Africafrom about 425 till 455. OF THE VANDALS, Hildis (I5376)
919 It is possible that she may have died in 1167. OF NORMANDY, Empress Matilda (I6426)
920 It is possible that they could have been married in 1127. AfterGeoffreyPlantagenet's death, Matilda was married to Henry V Emperorof the HolyRoman Empire. Family F3592
921 It shows John as head of household containing 4 men between 16 & 50, 1boy, 1 woman, 2 girls. 5 are Irish, 1 scotch & 2 acadians. Family F850
922 Its possible that he may have been born in 1128. D'AUBIGNEY, Earl William of Arundel (I6666)
923 IV PASQUIER DE FRANCLIEU, Pierre écuyer (I3803)
924 Jabez Vaughn's place of residence during the revolution was Lyme, NewHampshire and Pomfret, Vermont. He is listed on the roll of the militiacompany in Lyme, 1776, under the command of Captain John Sloan. FromDecember 5 1776 to March 15 1777 he was a member of Captain JonasHaywords company - last recorded rank was colonel. In 1777, he was onthe payroll of Captain Jeremiah Post's Company in Colonel David Hobarts'Regiment and Brigadier General John Starkes Brigade, Militia July 1777Command of which company was given to Lieutenant Jabez Vaughn as Captainby Order of general Stark the 27th day of August. On May 1, 1778, whilestill living in Lyme, he bought of John Paddock for 50 pounds, 80 acresin Pomfret, Vermont, where he settled at once. Within two years, he sowon the good opinions of his fellow townsmen as to be elected asselectman. He held office frequently until 1791 when his family wasbroken up by the insanity of his wife, who turned against him and alltheir children. He sold his farm and arranged with John Paddock for thecare of his wife as long as she should live, and went with three of hissons (Ebenezer, Jabez and Jonah) to New Vineyard, Maine. VAUGHN, Jabez (I1434)
925 Jacob (Jacques) BOURGEOIS, apothicary, 50; wife Jeanne TRAHAN;children:Jeanne 27, Charles 25, Germain 21, Marie 19, Guillaume 16, Marguerite13, Françoise 12, Anne 10, Marie 7, Jeanne; cattle 33, sheep 24 Family F2812
926 James petitioned for 200 acres of land in 1818, with Lumen Atwater andothers. He also made p married and has one child. He asks certain landsback of Little River, Sydney County.' [see r Sydney Regiment of Milita,'Aug. 1830. An early family group record sheet gives his occupati RANDALL, James (I3888)
927 Jealous of the great influence which Ludmilla wielded over Wenceslaus,Drahomira instigated two noblemen to murder her. She is said to havebeen strangled by them with her veil. Saint Ludmilla Heiress of Psov (I65)
928 Jean TERRIAU, 70, wife, Perrine BREAU; Children: Claude 34, Jean 32,Bonaventure 30, Germain 25, Jeanne 27, Catherine 21, Pierre 16; cattle6, sheep 1 THÉRIOT, Jean (I5014)
929 Jenkin of Folkstone
JENKINS, William (I8314)
930 Jeune fille austrasienne, fille d'un bûcheron. Ragnetrude (I5663)
931 JOHANNES IIITH VATATZES, emperor of the Byzantine realm of NikaiaNymphaion 1222-1254, * 1192 (or 1194) as a son of the Basileios Vatatzesand its wife Angelina in Didymoteichon, + 3.11. 1254 in the garden ofthe palace of Nymphaion (today: Nif, KemalpatA). - J. probably 1212, hadmarried the daughter of the emperor Theodor Ith Laskaris, Irene,: as ason-in-law of the emperor it could begin the follow-up immediately withits death (January 1222). 1224 it erfocht a shining victory over theLateiner with that Poimanen¢n, with which Theodor I. 1204 hadschmaehlich lost; but as the most dangerous opponents not so much theLateiner proved as rather the Greek rulers of Epiros from the sex of theAngeloi. Theodor Angelos could be proclaimed after the income ofThessalonike 1224 to the emperor, which was obviously against therequirement for rule of J. directed. But to 9.3. 1230 were destroyingstruck Theodor Angelos with Klokotnitza, by the Bulgaren under Ivan IITHAsen: this Bulgarian victory served the interests of the J in doubleregard. On the one hand the Angeloi rose never more against J.: in thewinter 1241 to it Johannes Angelos was subjected, in December 1246finally drew in emperors J. with all Pomp and splendor in Thessalonike,the rule of the Angeloi over north Greece was thereby to end. To secondhowever J. a purpose alliance with the Bulgaren was received: Byzantinerand could not Bulgaren besieged 1234 to 1237 together those at that timelatin capital Konstantinopel, however despite all efforts the Lateinerout not drive. In the spring 1235 took place the wedding of the emperorson Theodor Laskaris with the Bulgarian Zarentochter Helena Asen,finally 1237 the final peace between the Greeks and the Bulgaren wassigned. In the meantime however as the most dangerous enemies of theByzantine realm of Nikaia Nymphaion the Mongols had emerged: againstthese J. closed 1243 an alliance with the former ore enemy, with theSeldschuken of Konya. Since already 1238 it had insured itself to thefriendship of the Stauferkaisers Friedrich II.; after the death of itsfirst wife he married 1244 (or already 1242?) however their maid, aContessa from Italy, as Maetresse, which it had to send back however dueto violent meeting with hostility relatively soon into their homeland,held itself Friedrichs and the Beatrice Lancia blood-young daughter AnnaKonstanze (+ 1313 as a nun in Valencia). - J. operated an extremelyintelligent and foresighted policy, outward by the mentioned victoriesand the diplomatic alliances, on the inside by measures of the nationaleducation (so for instance reestablishment of public libraries), by thecreation of large grain supplies and particularly by the attachment ofthe borders of its realm. He was a ruler, like he only rarely a peoplegranted (B. Sinogowitz); like that it is understandable that it wasadmired already briefly after its death as holy.

Lit.: August Heisenberg, emperor J. of the Barmherzige, in: Byz. Zschr.14, 1905, 160-233; - Bernhard Sinogowitz, those abendlaend. Politicsgriech. of the state world at present the Lat. of empire (1204-1261),Diss. Munich 1944; - Herbert hunger, of science and art of the earlyPalaiologenzeit, in: Jb. of the Oesterr. Byz. society 8, 1959, 123-155;- George Ostrogorsky, Gesch. byz. of the state, 1963 3 ; - HélèneAhrweiler, L'histoire et la géographie de la région de Smyrne entre lesdeux occupations turques (1081-1317), particulièrement outer XIII esiècle, in: Travaux et Mémoires 1, 1965, 1-204; - Demetrios Ith Polemis,The Doukai, A Contribution ton of Byzantine Prosopography, 1968; - G.Cankova Cankova-Petkova, Griech. bulgar. Alliances in the years 1235 and1246, in: Byzantino Bulgarica 3, 1969, 49-79; - Johannes Irm, Nikaea as"center griech. Patriotismus ", in: Byz. research 4, 1972, 114-137; - S.Brezeanu, Notice sur les rapports de Frédéric II de Hohenstaufen avecJ., in: Rev. of the Etudes Sud Est Européennes 12, 1974, 583-585; -Erasmo Merendino, Federico II e Giovanni III Vatatzes, in: ByzantinoSicula 2, 1975, 371-383; - Hélène Ahrweiler, L'expérience nicéenne, in:Dumbarton Oaks PAPERS 29, 1975, 21-40; - most active ones of the emperordocuments of the Ostroem. Rich, treatment of Franz Doelger, 3. Part:Most active one of 1204-1282, treatment of Peter Wirth, 1977 2 ; - JohnSpringer Langdon, John III Ducas ' Vatatzes Byzantine Imperium inAnatolian of exiles, 1222-1254: The Legacy OF his Diplomatic, Militaryand Internal Program for the Restitutio Orbis, Diss. University OFCalifornia, 1978, 1979; - Alexis G. C Savvides, Byzantium into the NearEast: Its relation with the Seljuk of Sultanates of OF rum in AsiaMinor, the Armenians OF Cilicia and the Mongols A.D. 1192-1237, 1981; -Donald M. Nicol, Byzantium and Venice, A study in diplomatic andcultural relation, 1988; - Georgios Akropolites (1217-1282), thechronicle, in gel, over and erl. of William Blum, 1989; - LThK 2 V,1045; - Catholicisme VI, 521 f.; - NewCathEnc VII, 1022.

William Blum 
VATATZES, Jean III (I5238)
932 John was born on Christmas Eve 1167. His parents drifted apart afterhisbirth; his youth was divided between his eldest brother Henry'shouse,where he learned the art of knighthood, and the house of hisfather'sjusticiar, Ranulf Glanvil, where he learned the business ofgovernment.As the fourth child, inherited lands were not available tohim, givingrise to his nickname, Lackland. His first marriage lastedbut ten yearsand was fruitless, but his second wife, Isabella ofAngouleme, bore himtwo sons and three daughters. He also had anillegitimate daughter, Joan,who married Llywelyn the Great, Ruler ofAll Wales, from which the Tudorline of monarchs was descended. Thesurvival of the English governmentduring John's reign is a testamentto the reforms of his father, as Johntaxed the system socially,economically, and judicially. The Angevinfamily feuds profoundly marked John. He and Richardclashed in 1184following Richard's refusal to honor his father'swishes surrenderAquitane to John. The following year Henry II sentJohn to rule Ireland,but John alienated both the native Irish and thetransplantedAnglo-Normans who emigrated to carve out new lordshipsfor themselves;the experiment was a total failure and John returnedhome within sixmonths. After Richard gained the throne in 1189, hegave John vastestates in an unsuccessful attempt to appease hisyounger brother. Johnfailed to overthrow Richard's administratorsduring the German captivityand conspired with Philip II in anotherfailed coup attempt. UponRichard's release from captivity in 1194,John was forced to sue forpardon and he spent the next five years inhis brother's shadow. John'sreign was troubled in many respects. A quarrel with the Churchresultedin England being placed under an interdict in 1207, with Johnactuallyexcommunicated two years later. The dispute centered onJohn's stubbornrefusal to install the papal candidate, StephenLangdon, as Archbishop ofCanterbury; the issue was not resolved untilJohn surrendered to thewishes of Pope Innocent III and paid tributefor England as the Pope'svassal. John proved extremely unpopular with his subjects. In additionto theIrish debacle, he inflamed his French vassals by orchestratingthemurder of his popular nephew, Arthur of Brittany. By spring 1205,helost the last of his French possessions and returned to England.Thefinal ten years of his reign were occupied with failed attemptstoregain these territories. After levying a number of new taxes uponthebarons to pay for his dismal campaigns, the discontentedbaronsrevolted, capturing London in May 1215. At Runnymeade in thefollowingJune, John succumbed to pressure from the barons, the Church,and theEnglish people at-large, and signed the Magna Carta. Thedocument, adeclaration of feudal rights, stressed three points. First,the Churchwas free to make ecclesiastic appointments. Second,larger-than-normalamounts of money could only be collected with theconsent of theking's feudal tenants. Third, no freeman was to bepunished exceptwithin the context of common law. Magna Carta, although atestament toJohn's complete failure as monarch, was the forerunner ofmodernconstitutions. John only signed the document as a means of buyingtimeand his hesitance to implement its principles compelled thenobilityto seek French assistance. The barons offered the throne toPhilipII's son, Louis. John died in the midst of invasion from theFrench inthe South and rebellion from his barons in the North. John wasremembered in elegant fashion by Sir Richard Baker in AChronicle of theKings of England: '. . .his works of piety were verymany . . . as forhis actions, he neither came to the crown byjustice, nor held it withany honour, nor left it peace.' MAGNA CARTA The Great Charter ofEnglish liberty granted (under considerableduress) by King John atRunnymede on June 15, 1215 John, by the graceof God King of England,Lord of Ireland, Duke of Normandy andAquitaine, and Count of Anjou, tohis archbishops, bishops, abbots,earls, barons, justices, foresters,sheriffs, stewards, servants, andto all his officials and loyalsubjects, greeting. Know that before God, for the health of our soul andthose of ourancestors and heirs, to the honour of God, the exaltation ofthe holyChurch, and the better ordering of our kingdom, at the advice ofourreverend fathers Stephen, archbishop of Canterbury, primate ofallEngland, and cardinal of the holy Roman Church, Henry archbishopofDublin, William bishop of London, Peter bishop of Winchester,Jocelinbishop of Bath and Glastonbury, Hugh bishop of Lincoln, WalterBishopof Worcester, William bishop of Coventry, Benedict bishopofRochester, Master Pandulf subdeacon and member of the papalhousehold,Brother Aymeric master of the Knights of the Temple inEngland,William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, William earl of Salisbury,Williamearl of Warren, William earl of Arundel, Alan de Gallowayconstable ofScotland, Warin Fitz Gerald, Peter Fitz Herbert, Hubert deBurghseneschal of Poitou, Hugh de Neville, Matthew Fitz Herbert,ThomasBasset, Alan Basset, Philip Daubeny, Robert de Roppeley, JohnMarshal,John Fitz Hugh, and other loyal subjects: In French JEAN SANSTERRE king of England from 1199 to 1216. In a warwith the French kingPhilip II, he lost Normandy and almost all hisother possessions inFrance. In England, after a revolt of the barons,he was forced to sealthe Magna Carta (1215). From the Encyclopedia Britannica Online, articletitled 'John:' 'John's reputation, bad at his death, was furtherdepressed by writersof the next generation. Of all centuries prior tothe present, onlythe 16th, mindful of his quarrel with Rome, recognizedsome of hisquality. He was suspicious, vengeful, and treacherous;Arthur I ofBrittany was probably murdered in captivity, and Matilda deBraose,the wife of a recalcitrant Marcher baron, was starved to deathwithher son in a royal prison. But John was cultured andliterate.Conventional in his religion rather than devout, he wasrememberedfor his benefactions to the church of Coventry, to ReadingAbbey, andto Worcester, where he was buried and where his effigy stillsurvives.He was extraordinarily active, with a great love of hunting andareadiness to travel that gave him a knowledge of England matched byfewother monarchs. He took a personal interest in judicial andfinancialadministration, and his reign saw important advances at theExchequer, inthe administration of justice, in the importance of theprivy seal andthe royal household, in methods of taxation andmilitary organization,and in the grant of chartered privileges totowns. If his character wasunreliable, his political judgment wasacute. In 1215 many barons,including some of the most distinguished,fought on his side.''Lackland' refered to John's status as the youngest son, resulting innosignificant inherited fiefs from his Father. His titles includedKing ofIreland 1177, Count of Mortain 1189, Earl of Gloucester. Johnsucceededhis brother Richard I as King in 1199. In 1215 he put hisseal on theMagna Carta (Great Charter). The Magna Carta is thefoundation of EnglishConstitutional law and liberties and placed theKing, like the subjectshe ruled, subject to the rule of law. He isInterred in WorcesterCathedral. 'The Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages'Norman F. Cantor,General Editor. PLANTAGENET, John 'Lackland' (I6386)
933 Joint a l'armee active du Canada (Canadian Active Service Force) commelieutenant-adjudant du depot regimentaire MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
934 Jost

Family in 'Guysborough Sketches & Essays,' by Jost. 
STROPLE, George Henry (I3924)
935 Jost

Is this same as the previous child, John Alexander? Consider that therewas a son older than either of these boys who was called James Williamand went by the name William! Either the birth or baptismal name may bein error. 
STROPLE, William Alexander (I3930)
936 Jost

James was only 6 years old when his mother died. He was 'adopted' by hisname- sake and uncle, James Randall. According to Martha (Randall)Feltmate, he was given half the farm by his cousin ('brother') Elisha W.Randall; even if he actually bought the property, he eventually set upfarm next door to Randall's where Roy Hulbert now lives (1994). The oldplace next door was at one time called the Gass house (Elisha W.'sdaughter married a Mr. Gass). In 1871 (27 yrs old) he was still singleliving with Elisha (who was 52 yrs old). 
COOK, James Randall (I3916)
937 Jost

Resided Bayfield, Nova Scotia. 
STROPLE, James William (I3928)
938 Jost

The date of death and age as given by Jost I suspect should actually bethat of his son Joseph, by comparing to other dates. 
HADLEY, Joseph (I3914)
939 Jost

Youngest daughter of William Strople. 
STROPLE, Marianne Anabelle (I3911)
940 Jost STROPLE, Sarah Amelia (I3925)
941 Jost STROPLE, Rufus William (I3926)
942 Jost STROPLE, Elisha Randall (I3927)
943 Jost STROPLE, John Alexander (I3929)
944 Jost STROPLE, Joseph Luman (I3931)
945 Jost STROPLE, Esther (I3932)
946 Jost's history has only to say that she was married to John Dunn. In hermarriage record to Morgan Connors he is a 'bachelor' and she is a'widow,' namely 'Sabina Dun.' [see Christ Church, Anglican,Guysborough]. ATWATER, Sabina (I1064)
947 Jost's history lists William as the third child, but no date of birth isgiven and no middle name is assigned. The first son by his father'snext marriage is another 'William,' meaning this William probably diedyoung, possibly even at child birth, which might explain Elizabeth'sdeath in 1818 [speculation!]. ATWATER, William (I4177)
948 Julien LORD 33, Charlotte GIROUARD 26; children:
Alexandre 10, Jacques 8. Pierre 5, Marie 1. 
Family F2793
949 jumelle avec Benjamin ROUER, Genevieve Francoise Marie de Villeray d'Artigny de la Cardon (I2474)
950 Karen Randall

John's home along the Little River [now the Afton River] is stilloccupied by his descendants. I believe the property, along withadjoining lands, was original land granted to Elisha Randall. Farmer;Anglican. 
RANDALL, John Alexander (I3889)
951 killed OD HALFDANSSONN, Gudr King in Vestfold (I170)
952 Killed at a tournament by his horse. PLANTAGENET, Geoffrey (I6388)
953 killed by a falling tree ATWATER, Rufus (I1065)
954 Killed by anti-tank mine. CORBETT, Lt. Mark Alphonsus (I788)
955 King Louis VII of France was in urgent need of a son and heir as hisfirst two wives, Eleonore de Poitou and Constance of Castile, had madehim the father of only four girls. And so, on 13 November 1160, only amonth after the death of his second wife, he married Alix de Blois. In1165 she became the mother of a son, Philippe II August, later to befollowed by two more daughters. In 1180, Louis VII died, making the15-year-old Philippe II king of an area little larger than the Ile deFrance. Perhaps this was the reason why he took some of his mother'scastles, causing a quarrel. However, these disagreements were settledand, when Philippe II went on crusade (1190-1191), she acted as hisRegent. DE BLOIS, Adèle de Champagne (I4282)
956 King of England OF NORMANDY, William I 'The Conqueror' King of England (I4418)
957 King of Leinster, 1098-1115; killed in battle against Domnall UaBriain. MACMURCHADA, King Donnchad Of Leicester (I6571)
958 King of Scotland OF SCOTLAND, king David I (I5255)
959 King of the Franks Type: Distinction OF THE FRANKS, Pharamond King of the Franks (I316)
960 King of the Germans and Emperor of Rome, son of Otto I and Adelaide, b.955; d. in Rome, 7 Dec., 983. In 961 he was elected king at Worms, andwas crowned at Aix, 26 May. Frail in body, he possessed an intrepid andarbitrary spirit. With him began that extravagant policy of imperialism,which aimed at restoring the world boundaries of the ancients, and toencompass the Ancient Sea (the Mediterranean). Germany and Italy were towield the balance of power. Reacting against this imperialistic policywas the revived strength of particularism. The conflict with the ducalHouse of Bavaria gave a dangerous aspect to affairs. In Bavaria (withOtto's approval) the duchess dowager Judith acted as regent for her sonHenry. Upon coming of age he was given the Duchy of Bavaria in fee byOtto II, who, at the same time, invested Ludolph's son Otto with Swabiaon the death of Duke Burchard, ignoring the latter's widow, Hedwig, adaughter of Judith. Henry, named the "Quarrelsome", supported by Abrahamof Friesing, Boleslaw of Bohemia, and Mesislav of Poland, opposed this.The war finally ended by Judith being immured in a cloister and Henrydeclared to have forfeited his duchy. Ludolph's son Otto received thevacant ducal throne. The Eastmark was separated from Bavaria and givenin fee to Luitpold of Babenberg, who laid the foundation of the futurerenown of his family. In 978 Lothair, who aspired to the acquisition ofWestern Germany, invaded Lorraine, and pillaged Aix where Otto narrowlyescaped capture. But Lothair did not advance further. In Dortmund a warof reprisal was at once decided upon; with 60,000 men, Otto marched uponParis, which he failed to take. Lothair, however, was obliged to come toterms, and in 980 the two kings met near Sedan, where Otto obtained anagreement securing the former boundaries.

In Rome, Crescentius, a son of Theodora, headed a disorderly factionalgovernment and sought to settle the affairs of the Holy See by coercion.Otto crossed the Alps and freed the papacy. While in Rome his mindbecame imbued with dreams of ancient imperialism; he would give hisimperialistic policy a firm foundation by bringing all Italy undersubjection. In Southern Italy the Byzantines and Saracens united againstthe German pretensions, and in 982 the war with these ancient powerscommenced. Tarentum fell into the hands of the German king, but 15 July,982, he was defeated near Capo Colonne, not far from Cotrone. Thisbattle resulted in the surrender of Apulia and Calabria and destroyedthe prestige of the imperial authority throughout Italy. The effectspread to the people of the North and the turbulent Slavs on the East,and shortly after the Danes and Wends rose up in arms. But Otto wasvictorious. The Christian mission, under the leadership of pilgrims ofPassau, had made great progress in the territory of the Magyars. Thencame the defeat in Calabria, whereupon all of Slavonia, particularly theheathen part, revolted against German sovereignty. The promisingbeginnings of German and Christian culture east of the Elbe, inauguratedby Otto, were destroyed. In Bohemia the ecclesiastical organization wasthorougly established, but the emperor was unable to support the bishopwhom he had placed there. On the Havel and the Spree Christianity wasalmost annihilated. Affairs were in equally bad condition among theWends. The reign of Otto II has been justly called the period ofmartyrdom for the German Church. The missions which had been organizedby Otto I were, with few exceptions, destroyed. Otto II now renewed thedespotic policy towards the Saxonian border nobles and incited opendiscontent. In 983 he held an Imperial Diet where his son was electedking as Otto III and where the assembled nobles pledged their support.He departed with high hopes for Southern Italy. Fortune seemed to favourthe imperial leaders, who expected to wipe out the disgrace suffered inthe south. He chose a new pope, Peter of Pavia (John XIV). While in Romehe was stricken with malaria and was buried in St. Peter's. At the timeof his death the relations of the empire towards the papacy were stillundefined. He had been unable to maintain his political ascendency inRome. His imperialistic policy had placed the restraints of progressiveand pacific Christianity and Germanization on the borders; and he,pursuing fanciful dreams, believed that he might dare to transfer thegoal of his policy to the south. 
Otto II Holy Roman Emperor (I4918)
961 king of Wessex OF ENGLAND, Edward the Elder (I4310)
962 King of Wessex OF WESSEX, King Ethelbald (I4751)
963 king of Wessex and Danish Mercia OF WESSEX, King Alfred (I5281)
964 King's Constable. He held the honour of Abergavenny for about ayear,having obtained it following the death of his brother Michael.He wasmortally wounded by a stone dropped from Bronlly Tower, CountyBrecon. FITZMILES, William (I6582)
965 known as "the Unraed" or "the Redeless" (both of which mean "withoutcounsel") King Ethelred II of England (I5271)
966 Known as Edward the Sheriff, made sheriff by 1080. In 1086 he heldinchief 33 manors in Wilsts as well as smaller estates in Surrey,Hants,Dorset, Somerset, Middlesex, Bucks, Oxfordshire and Herts. DE SALISBURY, Count Edward (I6497)
967 known as the Gracious, he became King of Strathclyde in 1018. Hesucceeded his grandfather, Malcolm II, as King of Scotland on 25thNovemebr, 1034, thus becoming the first sovereign of the House ofDunkeld, named after his father's abbacy OF SCOTLAND, King Duncan I (I5286)
968 Konrad "the Great", Count of Brehna and Camburg, Markgraf of Meissen andLausitz, Count of the Groitsch-Rochlitz, divided his lands in 1156 amonghis five sons and became a monk in the monastery of Petersburg nearHalle where he died. Konrad I Markgraf von Meissen (I4383)
969 L'eveque a accorde les dispenses de trois bans et d'affinite au troisiemedegre. Temoins: William Strouds (bourgeois de Quebec), ChristopheHilarion Dulaurent (Notaire Royal de la prevote de Québec), Guerne (secretaire de l'eveque), Maderan (chirurgien de la Pointe-de-Levy) Family F1569
970 La.filiation avec ses parents reste à vérifier L'hypothèse est deMoriarty in 'Plantagenet Ancestry' p. 226. André Chédeville et HubertGuillotel in 'La Bretagne des Saints et des Rois, Vè-Xè siècle' onttenté une hypothèse très proche qui consisterait à confondre ce Bérengeravec celui de même nom dont Rollon, ancêtre des ducs de Normandie avaitenlevé la fille Poppée (Poupe, Poppa) lors du siège de Bayeux.Profession : Comte de Senlis & de Valois, ainsi que de Bayeux & deRennes selon les hypothèses. Il aurait bien pu cumuler le tout puistransmettre à chacun de ses fils la moitié de son bien. Décès : après le8 janvier 893 DE SENLIS, Pépin III Bérenger (I5981)
971 La.filiation avec ses parents reste à vérifier. Profession : Roi deCologne DE COLOGNE, Chlodwig (I5508)
972 Laboureur. Possede 3 betes a cornes, 4 brebis, 1 arpent en culture. MORIN, Pierre dit Boucher (I1163)
973 LADY GODIVA (Godgifu, in the spelling of her time.)


An Anglo-Saxon gentlewoman, patron of the arts, equestrienne, and taxprotester, etc. All the historians say that she "flourished, circa 1040- 1080 A.D."

Leofric, earl of Mercia, and husband of Lady Godiva, was a man of broadbut obscure interests; a religious man thoroughly Christian, and anentrepreneur, raconteur, and general all around good sport. At the sametime, he did have an avaricious streak in him, and it is for this reasonthat his name has survived through the ages, but more prominently forhis interesting response to the nagging of his bleeding-heart wife, whopestered him incessantly over details of the daily lives of the peasantsunder his control, and similar fussy matters.

It's not that she was always being petulant about everything he did, butcertain of his actions caused her to be irritable, but that part of thestory comes later.

Actually both Leofric and Godiva were quite religious, and upon theirmove to Coventry, Warwickshire, from Shrewsbury, Shropshire (whereLeofric had earned his fortune and title from amazing successes in themutton trade), they were immediately impressed by the lack of properfacilities for training and housing men of the cloth in or around theraucous little district of Coventry (pop. 6215). How, they thought, werethe spiritual needs of these simple souls to be cared for? At the sametime, being somewhat "nouveau riche" and anxious to make their mark inwhat passed for genteel society there (not having had the propercredentials to enter such circles back in Shropshire -- which may havebeen a big piece of the motivation for the move), they decided to applysome of their ready cash to a worthy public cause.

Near the physical center of Coventry, where the bombed-out ruin ofmighty Coventry Cathedral stands today, Leofric and Godiva (in 1043)founded and funded an abbey (some accounts say monastery), named inhonor of Ste. Eunice of Saxmundham (an early martyr, slain by flaying atthe hands of the Romans). The abbey faced the rising sun, as was decreedit should by Leofric in a moment of romantic inspiration. A simpleaffair, made of wattle and daub with a roof of thatched reeds in themanner of the day, it was nevertheless imposing by standards in thevillage otherwise; it was the biggest structure in the entire region.

Before long this edifice was something of a social focus for the town,functioning not only as a center for the education and housing of thosewho had received the calling, but also as a gathering point where morevulgar popular events and festivities could be celebrated. Leofric andGodiva came to be awarded the attention and respect they longed for fromthe start, and they had served the purposes of the church as well. Theydid not seem to mind that much of the activity circulating around theabbey was decidedly Druid in origin; at least the peasants were occupiedand happy. Coventry grew around the abbey.

As a gentleman, and now established philanthropist of some local repute,Leofric assumed a growing role in the governance of public affairs, andwas given responsibility for certain financial matters (the town hadgrown enough to actually have financial matters), which he quicklyunderstood as presenting especially interesting opportunities. Onepublic work generated the idea of another, if only some money were athand to facilitate such growth...

Meanwhile, Godiva's proficiency as a horsewoman had become polished to aconsiderable degree, as she had acquired a taste for the hunt and thesocial pleasantries which accrue to the activity "apres." Plus, thepeople she met during these excursions which provided such complacency,were of a disposition and delicacy of interest to which she had aspiredfor some time. She could do worse than to engage in certainpreoccupations of the intellect, and considerations of the aesthetic,and so she immersed herself in the arts and, therefore, society.

Perhaps, she earnestly thought, aid to those industrious in this fieldof elevated concern (artists) would inspire the rude masses by means ofexample. Commissioning a proper portrait of herself would be a goodplace to start; it would be an inspiration for simpler souls, so thework was begun.

It only slowly entered Godiva's consciousness that the lack of successshe was having in interesting the base masses in artistic concerns,beautiful pictures of herself spread around or not, was rooted in thefact that nearly all of them spent 100% of their waking hours inpartially effective efforts to feed and clothe themselves, and toprovide some form of shelter from the elements. Most were having a hardtime of it, in light of the fact that Leofric, in his new-foundmegalomaniacal grand-public-works mode, had been taxing everything hecould think of, even including a levy on manure.

Lady Godiva would not have such noble aspirations -- such as art foreveryone -- placed on a back burner for the sake of boringconsiderations like a municipal water supply. Men had such ignoblevisions, always functional and mechanical, mostly never above waistlevel. This would not do, the taxes must be reduced if this earlymedieval subsistence-agriculture village was going to pull itself upinto the 11th century and its more cultured concerns. She went to have apointed talk with Leofric.

Beside himself with raucous laughter, Leofric injured his left wristslightly as he fell off his stool in the hall of the village burghers,and this sobered him up rather quickly. Reduce taxes in order to fosterthe peasants' appreciation of silly pictures? Was she mad? Nowaterworks? There would be no tax reduction; as a matter of fact,Leofric added a new tax on pictures, which only had to be paid by hiswife since she was the only person who had any, except for the churchwhich was exempt.

Their argument became a classic war of wills, taking the equally classicform of nagging versus stone-walling. However, at very long last, sincehis wife would not give up and was driving him to distraction and worse,Leofric capitulated, but, regarding it all as something of a sport,attached an interesting condition to his offer to allow some reductionin taxation.

The ancient Greeks, he pointed out, and those coarser Romans as well,viewed the nude human body as one of the highest expressions of theperfection of Nature. Nudity was not seen as erotic in any sense, but aspurity, and a celebration of the wonderful form of a sensuous beingdisplayed in all its marvelous glory for the betterment and appreciationof those enlightened enough to consider this aesthetic. To present awell formed nude body as an object of great beauty, even art, would beto offer a lesson of inestimable value to the simple peasants ofCoventry, whose experiences and perceptions had never been enlightenedto appreciate such perfection.

If Lady Godiva truly believed in the crusade she was promoting, then sheshould lead it herself, and offer to the citizens of Coventry an exampleof the glorious beauty to be understood by careful consideration of aperfect nude human body. There could be no shame in this, it would bethe most gross error to consider it as such. Was she ashamed of thewonders of God's work? Besides, with all that horse-back riding, andsimilar, she had lost some weight and looked pretty good.

Therefore, Leofric proclaimed that if Lady Godiva would ride her horsethrough the crowded market-place of Coventry, in the full light ofmid-day, clothed in only that which God had given her, as an example ofthe perfection of God's work and as an expression of the highestpossible aesthetic -- she had been spreading pictures of herself aroundanyway -- then he would reduce taxes on the populace, lifting from themthe burden Godiva perceived, and erasing from himself any further doubthe might harbor of the sincerity of Godiva's convictions.

To Leofric's absolute surprise, she agreed, once she had ensured thatshe actually had his "permission" to do so.

Taken aback by his wife's courage and certainty in her purposes Leofric,somewhat overwhelmed, then stated that he fully accepted the truth ofLady Godiva's belief in the merits of her cause, and so in response, oncompletion of her ride he would not just reduce taxes, but would removeall of them -- save those tolls on horses which were already in placebefore he assumed his office, and which were necessary for basic needsof the city.

A day was chosen for the event, and while no particular effort had beenexpended to publicize the ride, talk of it had spread in whispersthroughout the whole of Coventry. Not wishing to reveal that thisconcealed discussion had taken place, and since people were curiousabout all aspects of the affair and did not want to interrupt it, themarketplace's business proceeded as it might have done on any other lessinteresting Thursday in late August.

As noon approached, so did Lady Godiva. She was not alone, but wasaccompanied by two female aides also on horseback, but normally clothed;one rode on each side and slightly to the rear. Three horses walking onthe cobbles in formation at a measured gait did not have the sound ofthe usual traffic and bustle, and so -- since all were secretly andeagerly anticipating the event -- her appearance was announced clearlyto everyone.

She sat straight and properly in the saddle with a look of composure onher face; relaxed, confident, unashamed. Her hair was done in two largebraids which were curled snugly at the back of her head, one on eachside; she wore no jewelry or other adornment. People looked at her andsaw that she was not merely naked, or nude; rather she was in a higherstate of presentation -- being a correct and elevated quality of hercomposure, and resulting also from the people's appraisal, appreciation,and consideration beyond simple voyeurism.

To all present this was an experience like no other in their lives. Theonly images of people unclothed they had ever seen were in the church:Adam and Eve, and the crucified Christ. This was a lady, simple andnormal with a body like that of every other woman present, a human, acreature of God's earth. Though he half meant it as a joke, Leofric'swords rang true: here was a celebration of being in its perfection.

Perhaps, as well, some believed with Zoroaster that sex is the bounty ofGod.

So, all survived the event with peacefulness and dignity, and the taxeswere removed.

In the CHRONICA, written by Roger of Wendover (who died in 1236), theaccount of the year 1057 tells the story of Godiva's ride in fulldetail, and is the earliest surviving written description.

Even more complete versions are provided by the famous historian RanulfHigden (died in 1364) in his POLYCHRONICON, and by Henry Knighton (diedc. 1396) who followed him, which explain not only the details of theride and its reasons, but also the specifics of the removed taxes, inparticular that all save those on horses were eliminated.

Much later, King Edward I, being an inquisitive man (he devised anearnest, but rather awkward system for the classification of songbirdsin Wales), wished to discover the truth of the Godiva story and,therefore, commissioned an inquiry of ancient records which showed thatin 1057 and thereabouts, there were indeed no taxes levied in Coventryexcept those on horses, which was a rather anomalous situation not seenelsewhere at the time, thereby establishing the merit and probableaccuracy of the legend.

The tale of "Peeping Tom", who was struck blind (or dead) when he alonegazed upon Lady Godiva was not added until the 17th century. This isalso true of the detail of the story, often added, that Godiva wascovered totally, except for her legs, by an enormous and improbablequantity of hair.

Doubtless both of these embellishments were supplied later by prudishChristian churchmen who entirely missed the point and considered thatviewing the unclothed human body under any circumstance was a heinousact which would damn one to eternal hell fire; they certainly thoughtthe female body to be dirty and inferior to appreciation, and onlyworthy of being hidden from view. On the face of it such a view wouldseem to be a perversion, and affront to the beauty of God's work. TheGreeks felt that the idealized human form was the only one worthy torepresent the gods on earth. On the other hand, the Christian faith isunique in that it alone has, throughout its history, suppressed anycelebration of the beauty of the human body.

So, what was Lady Godiva? A visionary; a social climber; a patron of thearts; a dilettante of the worst order?

In any estimation, she had the guts to follow her convictions, and mayhave brought a degree of enlightenment to a small corner of 11th centuryEngland. And, probably, no one went to Hell because of it.

© Jerome C. Krause
A Festival in her honor was instituted as part of Coventry Fair in1678. 
OF COVENTRY, Lady Godgifu (I6905)
974 LAJOÜE, FRANÇOIS DE, arpenteur-mesureur, maître maçon,architecte-entrepreneur, marchand, bourgeois, ingénieur, né vers 1656dans la région parisienne (Saint-Giruault), fils de Jacques de La Joue,,maître chirurgien, et de Madeleine Guérin, décédé en Perse en 1719 oupeu avant.
François exerça son métier d'arpenteur 'à Paris avant de venir s'établir'à Québec, en 1689 ou peu avant, à l'âge de 33 ans environ. Il logeachez Pierre Ménage dont il épousa la fille, Marie-Anne, le 3 novembre1689. De cette union naquirent plusieurs filles dont Marie-Agnès etMarieThérèse, qui épousèrent respectivement PierreNoël Levasseur etl'ingénieur Laguer de Morville. Les Lajoüe résidèrent rue Saint-Louis,près des Ménage, jusqu'en 1700 environ; ils se firent ensuite construireune demeure vis-à-vis de la fontaine Royale, rue du Garde-fou. C'estdans cette maison, en pierre et en mansarde, que sont venus se réfugierles Bégon, chassés du palais dans la nuit tragique du 5 au 6 janvier1713.
La carrière canadienne de Lajoüe dura un quart de siècle, dans lapériode d'activité de Vauban [Le Prestre] en France, des ingénieursJacques Levasseur de Neré et Boisberthelot de Beaucours au Canada. Le 22décembre 1689, Lajoüe reçut sa commission de mesureur et d'arpenteurroyal, en même temps que Bernard de La Rivière. Par la suite, sonactivité se partagea entre l'expertise, le mesurage et la construction,avec une tentative -commerciale avortée. La première commanded'importance que nous lui connaissions est le projet d'un bâtiment de100 pieds de long dont il commença la construction pour les religieuseshospitalières en 1691 et dont il fit un petit relief; ce bâtiment ne futpas achevé avant 1698. En 1692, il soumit les plans pour la constructiondu château et du nouveau fort. A propos du château, Frontenac [Buade1déclarait que « ce n'est pas sans quelque espèce de miracle que je n'aipoint été accablé sous les ruines du vieux bâtiment », dans lequel ilvoyait néanmoins un des ornements de la ville de Québec. Cetteconstruction ne fut pas terminée avant 1700. En 1693, il construisit laporte Saint-Jean avec son confrère et associé La Rivière, conformémentaux dessins de Beaucours. Janson, dit Lapalme, et Jean LE ROUGE bâtirentla porte Saint-Louis sur le même modèle. La même année, Lajoüe passa enFrance pour enquêter sur les titres et l'inventaire d'un nommé Leboeuf.
En 1700, il dirigea la construction du château et de la nouvelleenceinte et il devint actionnaire de la Compagnie de la Colonie. En1702, il soumit des recommandations pour la restauration de l'église deSainte-Famille, à l'Ile d'Orléans. En 1703, il soumit un plan auséminaire pour la construction d'un nouveau presbytère, et, l'annéesuivante, il s'occupa de l'église des Jésuites à Sillery. Il com- mandavers cette date « un beau tabernacle » à Hulot, sculpteur du ducd'Orléans, oeuvre qu'il voulait donner aux religieuses de ]«Hôtel-Dieudont il était l'architecte attitré. Il versa une avance de 400 francsmais ne put payer le reste, ses affaires ayant baissé. Les religieusesdurent inter- venir auprès de la cour pour récupérer cet ornement quiavait été saisi, et ce n'est que 12 ans plus tard, le jour del'Assomption, qu'il fut placé dans l'église à l'occasion des travaux deréfection. En 1708, il fournit un plan des canalisations de l'Hôtel-Dieusur lequel sont spécifiés les « endroits où on veut faire passer leseaux de la ville de Québec conceddées par M. Talon [ ] ». Ces travauxfurent ajournés. On le retrouve en 1710 armateur de l'Africain, vaisseaude 431 tonneaux dont la faillite fut la cause de démêlés entre lui etDenis Riverin ; il accusa ce dernier de l'avoir embarqué dans unemauvaise affaire et de l'avoir trompé. En 1714 et en 1715, il auraittravaillé pour les Récollets et peutêtre pour les Ursulines, pourlesquelles il aurait préparé les plans de leur église. (Il s'agitd'hypo. thèses qu'il nous a été impossible de vérifier.) Nous conservonsde lui un plan du séminaire qui montre également la cathédrale etl'évêché.
Il quitta le pays vers 1715, après avoir confié ses effets à la gardedes religieuses de l'Hôtel-Dieu. En 1717 et en 1718, on le dit absent.Une lettre de l'évêque de Babylone, datée du 30 juillet 1719, nousapprend qu'il est décédé en Perse, où il tenait les fonctionsd'ingénieur. l'inventaire de ses papiers, daté du 3 avril 1721, offrepeu d'intérêt, sinon la mention de 16 procès-verbaux d'arpentage « tiréspar La Joue en qualité d'arpenteur-juré ». Le règlement de la successionvacante de Lajoüe eut des prolongements jusqu'en 1743.
La carrière de Lajoüe bénéficia de l'administration énergique desgouverneurs Frontenac, Callière, Vaudreuil [Rigaud] et d'intendants telsque Champigny [Bochart]. L'échec de Phips contrer Québec et le traité deRyswick favorisaient lés grands projets : Québec s'entoura alors de -sapremière enceinte régulière et reçut sa parure de bâtiments et declochers. Pour ces constructions, des militaires, choisis pour leursqualités artisanales, étaient secondés par l'équipe du séminaire; cetteinstitution avait une école d'art qui groupait Baillif, Denis Mallet,Jacques Leblond de Latour, auprès desquels évoluaient des personnagestels que Lajoüe, Ménage, La Rivière. Après la mort tragique etprématurée de Baillif, survenue en 1699, Lajoüe tint un rôleprépondérant dans la construction.
Le travail des architectes fut d'ailleurs parallèle à celui desmenuisiers et des décorateurs d'intérieurs. L'oeuvre des architectes futperpétuée par les réalisations des maitres décorateurs, dont lesretables, tabernacles, baldaquins sont autant de temples fictifs dérivésdes grands modèles. Mais la nature du matériau 'disponible et la raretéde certains moyens empêchaient souvent l' architecte de faire valoir sontalent. La construction à Québec durant cette période ne peut doncs'évaluer en termes de personnalités et de réalisations grandioses; elleest surtout le résultat d'apports multiples Une multitude d'artisanss'acharnèrent avec des moyens très inégaux, à établir à Québec devieilles habitudes importées de France et à les adapter aux conditionsnouvelles. Cette architecture est caractérisée par l'exploitation dusite et la mise en valeur d'éléments simples.
Les origines parisiennes de Lajoüe, son activité multiple, son artordonné, sa mort mystérieuse en Perse, font partie de la légende dontsont entourés la plupart de nos artisans. 
DE LAJOÜE, François (I3228)
975 Last survivor of those who left England in Mayflower. ALLERTON, Mary (I966)
976 Laurens GODIN 32, Anne GUERIN 26; children: Pierre 8,
Marie 6, Guillaume 4, Anne 5 months; 7 cattle, 7 sheep. 
Family F1535
977 le premier à combler la fonction importante de lieutenant particuliercivil et criminel de la Sénéchaussée de Québec SEVESTRE, Charles (I2495)
978 Le premier mariage franÇais célébré à Montréal fût celui de MathurinMeusnier et FranÇoise Fafart. Family F1307
979 Le Ruisseau-a-Morin, au Cap des Rosiers en Gaspesie, tient son nom delui. MORIN, Antoine (I1175)
980 le seize decembre mil neuf cent cinquante huit, nous, pretre, sous-signe,avons inhumé dans le cimetière de cette pariosse le corps de RichardMorin, enfant bien-aimé du major J-Athanase Morin et de Bertie Corbettde cette paroisse dédédé à domicile le quatorze du mois courant à l'agede deux ans et un mois. Présents plusieurs parents et amis dont quelquesuns sous-signés avec nous.
Lecture faite
J-Ath Morin | Serge Cote | Michel Cote | Richard Lacasse | J. Morin| Sylvio Roy
Eug Morrisette, ptre 
MORIN, Richard Pierre Ross Ernest (I773)
981 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I1)
982 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I800)
983 Les Blanchard, comme d'ailleurs plusieurs autres Français qui s'étabirenten Acadie, sous d'Aulnay, étaient censitaires de la seigneurie d'Aulnay,propriété de la mère de Charles de Menou de Charnisay, sieur d'Aulnay,l'un des premiers gouverneurs de l'Acadie. Cette seigneurie comprenaitles villages de Martaizé, d'Angliers, d'Aulnay et vraisemblablementaussi de La Chaussée. Voir Les parlers français dAcadie par GenevieveMassignon, vol. 1, pp. 36-38, ou Histoire des Acadiens et Histpire etGenealogie des Acadiens, par Bona Arsenault, chapitre 7, intitulé: "Lespremieres familles acadienes". BLANCHARD, Guillaume (I4492)
984 Letterhead upon which O.P. Hughes writes a letter to his childrenoutlining his cancer treatment. Letter is possession of C.P. Hughes. Source (S59)
985 Lettre de Mathieu de Goutin au ministre: "Sieur Philippe Mius d"ENtremontnatif de Normandie, decede il y a sept ans age de 99 annees et quelquesmois, il ne lui manquoit pas une dent, il avoit este major sous feuMonsieur de La Tour, Gouverneur de ce pays, il y a du exerce pendant dixhuit ans les charges de Procureur du Roy et il n'a cesse que par songrand age" MIUS, Lieutenant-Major Philippe Sieur d'Entremont Baron de de Pob (I4490)
986 leukemia and skin cancer FOOHEY, Dr. Fleur Cornelius (I793)
987 Leukemia. He was treated by Dr. Richard in Hotel-Dieu de Quebec. MORIN, Richard Pierre Ross Ernest (I773)
988 libere de l'hopital General 23 MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
989 libere du 5CCS MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
990 libere du Regiment de la Chaudiere et pris a l'effectif du 4CITR MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
991 libere son poste de Quartier Maitre et mute a la liste XL du Regiment dela Chaudiere MORIN, Major Joseph Athanase ED (I4)
992 lieu de naissance en raison du situement de la ferme DE BAILLON, Catherine Marie (I3296)
993 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I823)
994 Line 403 from GEDCOM File not recognizable or too long: NAME FerdinandII Alfonsez King Of /LEON/

-- MERGED NOTE ------------

From Encyclopedia Britannica Online, article titled 'Ferdinand II:' 'kingof Leon from 1157 to 1188, second son of Alfonso VII. 'Despite severalinternal revolts against his rule, Ferdinand's reignwas notable for therepopulation of Leonese Extremadura and for thevictories he securedfarther south against the Almohads in the last 20years of his reign.These included the capture of Alcâantara (1166)and Badajoz (1169). Healso gave important support to the new militaryorder of Santiago,founded with his approval in 1170. Ferdinand, whocalled himself rexhispanorum ('king of the Spaniards'), established atemporary tutelageover Castile during the minority of his nephewAlfonso VIII and occupiedSegovia and Toledo (1162-66), though Alfonsolater reacted violentlyagainst Ferdinand. Ferdinand was alsofrequently engaged in hostilitieswith the nascent Portuguese kingdombut came successfully to the rescueof the Portuguese when theAlmohads invested the key city of Santarâem(1184).' 
LEON, King Ferdinand II Alfonsez (I6223)
995 Line 816 from GEDCOM File not recognizable or too long: NAME Sancho IIIAlfonsez King Of /CASTILE/ CASTILE, Sancho III Alfonsez (I6225)
996 Line 830 from GEDCOM File not recognizable or too long: NAME BeatriceSancha Princess Of /CASTILE/ CASTILE, Beatrice Sancha Princess (I6226)
997 lived in three (3) centuries and was 108 years, 7 months and 6 days ofage at the time of his death. COBB, Ebenezer (I1508)
998 Liverpool to NYC. HUGHES, Craig Parry (I766)
999 Liverpool to NYC. BRAGDON, Mrs. Nancy Wayne (I767)
1000 Living in 1441, 19th yr. of the reign of Henry VI. COBB, Thomas Esq. (I1956)

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