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Elder Henry COBB b. 1596 Reculver, Kent, England d. 1679 Barnstable, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, United States: Généalogie MORIN Roots

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Elder Henry COBB[1]

Male 1596 - 1679  (83 years)


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  • Name Henry COBB 
    Title Elder 
    Born 1596  Reculver, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender Male 
    Misc
    • "was the first known Cobb to emigrate from England to the PlymouthColony, Cape Cod, MA. Many distinguished descendants have long searchedfor his English origin and background. In developing this vignette ofthe immigrant I have drawn liberally from the scholarly works of PhilipL. Cobb, author of The Cobb Family (1907), Richard Cobb, Harvardprofessor and Richard Cobb a retired Navy Supply Corps Captain. However,the hypotheses and conclusions contained herein are my own. (TracyAshley Crocker Sr.)

      Much is known on the activities of Henry Cobb, the Puritan, in theBay Colony but little has been done to unravel the specifics of hisorigin. There is general agreement that "The Elder Henry or the DeaconHenry Cobb" came from an area in County Kent east of the Medway Riverwhich flows out of the hills of southern Kent through Maidstone andChatham and into the Thames Estuary. It is within this area thatinhabitants are called "Men of Kent" (Jutish origin); those to the westof the Medway are known as "Kentish Men" (Saxon origin). ProfessorRichard Cobb, through study and acquaintance with the Cape Coddescendants of Henry Cobb, suggests that as a young man Henry Cobb was"rather short, with blue eyes and reddish sandy hair." Interesting, asthis description agrees with the perceived appearance of the GermanicJutes who invaded and settled in Great Britain in the 5th century.
      The most visible trail of "Henry the Elder" in England is found inhis relationship with his church leader, the Reverend John Lothrop.Lothrop, "a man of good family and education" was baptized at Eton on 20December 1584. He received BA and MA degrees at Queens College,Cambridge. In 1611 we find him with the established Church of England atEgerton, Kent, a distance of about 15 miles from the probable home ofHenry Cobb in Reculver, Kent. Obviously disenchanted with the autocraticdogma of the King's Church, the Reverend Lothrop is found as minister ofan independent church in London in 1623; and then on 29 April 1632, wefind him imprisoned in London with 40 members of his flock for violatingthe laws relating to religious gatherings. Following two yearsimprisonment, Lothrop left England in the ship "Griffin" with his familyand some members of his church for the Plymouth colony, arriving there18 September 1634. Here Henry Cobb, the Lothrop protege who had been inthe Colony for about five years, responded to the call of his old friendand esteemed pastor. He aided the Reverend in getting his family andchurch established in the newly formed town of Scituate. Lothrop'srecords published in the New England Register, Volumes IX and X, leaveslittle doubt of Henry Cobb's membership in Lothrop's London church:
      "Uppon January 8, 1634, Wee had a day of humiliation and then atnight joyned in covenaunt together, so many of us had beene in covenauntbefore. To Witt.
      Mr. Gilsonn and his wife
      Goodman Anniball and his wife
      Goodman Rowly and his wife
      Goodman Cobb and his wife
      Goodman Turner
      Edward Foster
      Myselfe
      Goodman Foxwell
      Samuel House."

      It is very probable that immigrant Henry Cobb of Plymouth andAmbrose Cobb of the Virgina Colony were of the same Kent Family, theyshared a common progenitor in John Cobb, Esquire (b. ca 1300) of Cobb'sCourt, Romney, Kent. The suggested (but undocumented) relationshipsshown are based primarily on the association of the family names,locations, and dates. That is, Henry Cobb of Plymouth Colony wouldappear to be a second son of Henry Cobb (1561-1617) of Reculver, Kent.The son Henry was born about 1605. (He married Patience Hurst inPlymouth in 1631; English Yeoman of his time, married at age 26, thusthe basis for his date of birth). Most men of Kent were farmers in anarea famous for hops, fruit, and grain. Even in this age, importance wasattached to the idea of status. The term "Yeoman" was commonly used inlegal and other documents to denote status above "Husbandman" (smaller,less prosperous farmer) and below that of "Gentleman" (upper middleclass). Yeomen, from whom Henry Cobb was descended, were reasonably welleducated. Some Yeomen sons attended the universities; some becameclergymen. A review of the Cobbs of Kent and a person inspection of theManor houses at Reculver and Eastleigh Court suggest 16th century gentrybut 17th century Yeomen. Suffice it to say that the emigrant Henry Cobbdid not inherit his father's estate. The major inheritance, by custom,probably went to Benjamin Cobb, the first-born son. This situation, aswell as the significant influence of Reverend Lothrop, could have giventhe impressionable 18 year old Henry Cobb ample justification to seek anapprenticeship in the shops or pubs of London in 1623, the year thatLothrop formed his church there. The influence of the charismatic Lotropon the Cobbs of Reculver must have been substantial. The Cobb home atReculver was about 15 miles from Egerton, Kent where Lothrop was inresidence from 1611 to 1623. Henry Cobb, the assumed father of theemigrant Henry, was himself censured by the establishment. He had becomeLord of the Manor of Bishopstone, Reculver Kent, when his father Richarddied in 1582. In the record of the Visitations of Archdeacon ofCanterbury in 1599 is found the following "We present these personswhose names are hereunder written for they refuse to pay unto a cessmade by divers of our parish for the reparation of our said church:.....Henry Cobb 3 shillings, 10 pence (owed)."
      The nature of Henry Cobb's apprenticeship or trade in London isopen to conjecture. The fact that he came from an area rich in hops andgrain and later in the Colony he was authorized to dispense winesuggests the production and/or sale of ale, the national beverage of theera. From the Plymouth Colony Record 1173; "5 June 1644, Henry Cobb islycensed to draw wine at Barnstable."
      What better place than an English pub in the 17th century to keepabreast of politics, religion and emigration. Henry Cobb of London mustcertainly have been aware of a number of significant events, viz: Thatin 1604, in a declaration at Hampton Court, James I said of thePuritans, "I shall make them conform themselves or I will harry them outof the Land or else do worst." Henry must have known the story of anundereducated group of separatists called "Pilgrims" who sough refugefirst in Amsterdam and subsequently in Leyden, Holland; and theunwilling to be assimilated into the Dutch culture, made their way toPlymouth in 1620 aboard the "Mayflower". (of the 101 passengers on thefirst voyage of the Mayflower, 35 were Leyden adventurers.) In 1628 thePuritans of Henry Cobb's sect began their mass exodus. In 1630 JohnWinthrop, a strong and able leader, led nearly 1000 Puritans with theircattle and horses to settlements in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Ingeneral the Puritans were a wealthier and better educated class than thePilgrims but they shared their deeply religious convictions. It wasshortly after the Winthrop departure that Henry Cobb made his move,probably in the ship "The Anne" in 1629. Other possible ships include "Mayflower II' and the "Little James", which also arrived at Cape Cod in1629. Professor Cobb said in his character analysis of Henry, theemigrant, that he was "sensible, shrewd, adverse to making trouble orbeing a part of it." Cobb didn't linger in London long enough to bejailed in the famous "clink" with the zealous Lothrop and his followersin 1632. When the great Civil War of 1642 came about to settle thequestion of supremacy between King and Parliament, High Church andPuritans, Henry Cobb is found saving souls and selling wine inMassachusetts."
      (John E. Cobb, Col., US Army)
    Residence 8 Jan 1634  Scituate, Massachussetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • Henry went from Plymouth to Scituate. He took a letter from the Plymouthchurch to join Rev. John Lothrop's church in Sciutate, where he waselected Ruling Elder on December 15, 1635.
    Misc 15 Dec 1635  Scituate, Massachussetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • elected Ruling Elder of his church
    Residence 1639  [3
    • In 1639 Henry removed with Rev. Lothrops to Barnstable where he settledpermanently. He was a deacon 44 years, and ordained Elder in 1670.Served as Deputy in the Plymouth Court or Legislature for 7 years. Was auseful and valuable man. Died in 1679, when he was about 83 years old.The descendants of Henry Cobb are very numerous and are at the presenttime very widely scattered. They were of the true Pilgrim stock and ithas always been a deeply religious family, numbering many Ministers andDeacons among its members, and as a class have been noted for theirloyalty to the church.
    Ordained 1670  Scituate, Massachussetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • ordained Elder
    _AMTID 330126059778:1030:114017017 
    _COLOR
    _FSFTID LR8H-184 
    _UID 5DC9E78BE6874888AE56F6F3CF33D148DD81 
    Died 1679  Barnstable, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I1472  May2018
    Last Modified 9 Dec 2009 

    Father Henry COBB,   b. 1561, Reculver, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1617, Reculver, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Family ID F1073  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Patience HURST,   b. 1610, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, New England USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 May 1648, Barnstable, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years) 
    Married 1631  Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, New England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Children 
     1. John COBB,   b. 7 Jun 1632, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, New England USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Feb 1714  (Age 81 years)
     2. James COBB,   b. 14 Jan 1634, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, New England USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1695, Barnstable, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)
     3. Edward COBB,   b. Abt 1635, Plymouth, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, New England USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Mary COBB,   b. 24 Mar 1636, Scituate, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Hannah COBB,   b. 5 Oct 1639, Scituate, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jan 1730  (Age 90 years)
     6. Patience COBB,   b. 13 Mar 1641, Barnstable, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, New England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Oct 1727  (Age 86 years)
     7. Gersham COBB,   b. 10 Jan 1644, Barnstable, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, New England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 24 Jun 1675  (Age 31 years)
     8. Eleazar COBB,   b. 30 Jan 1648, Barnstable, Plymouth County, Massachussetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 16 May 2018 
    Family ID F1070  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Sarah HINCKLEY 
    Married 1649 
    Children 
     1. Mehitabel COBB,   b. 1651,   d. 8 Mar 1652  (Age 1 years)
     2. Samuel COBB,   b. 12 Oct 1654, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Dec 1727, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
     3. Sarah COBB,   b. 15 Jan 1658, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jan 1658, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     4. Jonathan COBB,   b. 10 Apr 1660, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Sarah COBB,   b. 1663,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Henry COBB,   b. 3 Sep 1665, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. Mehitabel COBB,   b. 15 Feb 1667, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     8. Experience COBB,   b. 11 Sep 1671, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 16 May 2018 
    Family ID F1072  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S54] Tracy Crocker, p21 Cobb Chronicles.

    2. [S27] G. Fuller.

    3. [S28] Amis Otis.

    4. [S54] Tracy Crocker, Extract from his files.