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KEKUAOKALANI (KEKUAOKALANI I, KAIWI-KUAMO?O KEKUA-O-KALANI) b. Dec 1819 Kuamo'o d. Yes, date unknown: Généalogie MORIN Roots

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KEKUAOKALANI (KEKUAOKALANI I, KAIWI-KUAMO?O KEKUA-O-KALANI)

Male 1819 - Yes, date unknown


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  • Name KEKUAOKALANI (KEKUAOKALANI I, KAIWI-KUAMO?O KEKUA-O-KALANI) 
    Born Dec 1819  Kuamo'o Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    _UID 663413A7A6532246B3007694FA442D8764E9 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    Notes 
    • *** NOTE: EXTENSIVE NOTES FOR THIS INDIVIDUAL - GO PAST THESE NOTES TO SEE THE WIFE AND CHILDREN
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      Kapi'iwi Kekuaokalani

      Also Known As:
      * Ka'owa Kekua-o-Kalani
      * Keaoua Kekua-o-kalani
      * Kaiwi-Kuamo?o Kekua-o-kalani
      * Kapi'iwi Kekuaokalani
      * Kapii'iwi o-ke Akua-o-kalani


      FROM ANCESTRY OF JOHN LIWA ENA (SLK Peleioholani):
      Genealogy of Huaimanono (w), grandmother of Kekuaokalaninui, who was killed in battle at Kuamoo, Kona, and for whom this name is called upon her grandchild, L. A. Kekuakapuokekuaokalani Coney, and her younger sibling.

      KEEPER OF THE WAR GOD KUKAILIMOKU

      Keeper of the war god Kukailimoku, and defended him when he was attacked after the breaking of the taboos in 1819.

      Keaoua Kekua-o-kalani (sometimes known as Kaiwi-kuamo?o Kekua-o-kalani) was a nephew of Kamehameha I, the chief from the Big Island of Hawai?i who had unified the Hawaiian islands. He was the son of Kamehameha's half brother Keali?imaikai and Kamehameha's half-sister Ki?ilaweau. After Kamehameha died in 1819, Keaoua rebelled against Kamehameha's successor, his son Liholiho. Keaoua's rebellion was brief; he was killed in battle about 21 December 1819.

      After Kamehameha died, on 8 May 1819, power was officially assumed by Kamehameha's son Liholiho. Liholiho, at the urging of powerful female chiefs such as Ka?ahumanu, abolished the kapu system that had governed life in Hawai?i for centuries. Henceforth, men and women could eat together, women could eat formerly forbidden foods, and official worship at the stone platform temples, or heiaus, was discontinued. This event is called the ?Ai Noa, or free eating. As the historian Gavan Daws points out (Daws, 1967, pp. 54-59), this was a decision taken by the chiefs, and it primarily affected the state religion. Commoners could still worship their family protective deities, their aumakua; hula teachers could make offerings to Laka and Big Island Hawaiians could make offerings to the goddess Pele.
      [edit]Rebellion

      Nonetheless, some of the chiefs felt that if they were to abandon the kapus and the services at the heiaus, they would lose the religious justification and support for their rule. Liholiho, they felt, was courting disaster, and must be opposed, lest he take down everyone with him.
      Keaoua Kekuaokalani was a Big Island noble. He was the son of Kamehameha's younger brother and if Liholiho were to die or be overthrown, would have a good claim to the throne. He was outraged by the abandonment of the old sacred traditions and withdrew from the royal court, then staying at Kailua-Kona, on the Big Island, and retired to Ka?awaloa at Kealakekua Bay. Many opponents of the ?Ai Noa joined him in his self-imposed exile and urged him to try for the throne, saying, "The chief who prays to the god, he is the chief who will hold the rule." (Kamakau, 1961, p. 226) Some of the Hawaiians living in Hamakua, on the north coast of the Big Island, rebelled outright and killed some soldiers sent against them. The situation was perilous.
      [edit]The emissaries

      The king, Liholiho, and his chiefs took counsel and decided to send emissaries to Keaoua, asking him to abandon his defiance, return to Kailua, and join in the free eating again. Keaoua received the emissaries with apparent deference and said he was ready to return to Kailua the next day, but would not join in the free eating. The emissaries retired to rest, thinking the problem solved.

      According to Kamakau, Keaoua's supporters spent the night arguing with their leader, urging him to kill the emissaries and mount a decisive rebellion, Keaoua forbade any assassinations but the next morning, when he and his followers were to board canoes for the return to Kailua, he refused. He said he and his men (drawn up in ranks, in warrior regalia) would go by land.

      Again, he had not declared war outright — but this was tantamount to war. Liholiho sent forces under Kalanimoku to intercept Keaoua. Their forces met at Kuamo?o, just South of Keauhou Bay. Keaoua fought bravely, but was eventually killed by rife fire. His wife Manono, who had been fighting at her husband's side, begged for mercy but was shot down as well. The rest of Keaoua's army scattered and the victory for Liholiho was complete.
      This was the only armed rebellion in favor of the old religion.

      The gymnasium at Old Kona Airport State Recreation Area is named in his honor.

      *** References ***
      Daws, Gavan, Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands, University of Hawaii Press, 1967
      Kamakau, Samuel M., Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii, Kamehameha Schools Press, 1961 (a collection of newspaper articles written by Kamakau, in Hawaiian, during the 1800s)
      Hiram Bingham I, A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands, Sherman Converse, New York, 1848
    Person ID I42113  May2018
    Last Modified 28 Mar 2010 

    Father KELIIMAIKAI (KEALI'IMAIKAI, KALANIMALOKULOKU, MALOKULOKU, KALANIMALOKULOKU-I-KEPOOKALANI),   d. 14 Nov 1809 
    Mother KI'ILAWEAU (KI'ILAWEAU I, KI'ILAWEAU-A-KEOUA) 
    Family ID F21526  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family MANONO (MANONO II) 
    Last Modified 16 May 2018 
    Family ID F21528  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart