Our Family History and Ancestry

Our family Histories

Charles I CHARLEMAGNE, roi des Francs et Empereur de l'Oc[1]

Male 742 - 814  (71 years)


Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All

  • Name Charles I CHARLEMAGNE 
    Suffix roi des Francs et Empereur de l'Oc 
    Born 2 Apr 742  Ingolheim, Deutschland Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Christened Basilique Saint-Denis, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Birth 2 Apr 747  [3
    Name Charlemagne Charlemagne  [2
    Name Charlemagne De Francie  [3
    Name Charles de France  [2
    Occupation Empereur  [3
    Occupation Roi  [3
    _AMTID 330126062647:1030:114017017 
    _FSFTID LZT6-K1W 
    _UID D5D1C272360841CE85F975410D2790001F60 
    Died 28 Jan 814  Aachen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Nordhein-Westfalen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Notes 
    • Charles has become known as Charles The Great or Charlemagne for verygood reasons. His long reign changed the face of Europe politically andculturally, and he himself would remain fixed in the minds of people inthe Middle Ages as the ideal king. In more recent times, many historianshave taken his reign to be the beginning of the Middle Ages 'proper'.Yet in terms of territorial expansion and consolidation, of churchreform and entanglement with Rome, Charlemagne's reign was merelybringing the policies of his father Pippin to their logical conclusions.Charlemagne became the subject of the first medieval biography of alayman, written by Einhard, one of his learned courtiers. Following hisliterary model, Suetonius's word portrait of the Emperor Augustus,Einhard described Charlemagne's appearance, his dress, his eating anddrinking habits, his religious practices and intellectual interests,giving us a vivid if not perhaps entirely reliable picture of theFrankish monarch. He was strong, tall, and healthy, and ate moderately.He loved excercise: riding and hunting, and perhaps more surprising,swimming. Einhard tells us that he chose Aachen as the site for hispalace because of its hot springs, and that he used to bathe there withhis family, friends, and courtiers. He spoke and read Latin as well ashis native Frankish, and could understand Greek, and even speak it alittle. He learned grammar, rhetoric, amd mathematics from the learnedclerics he gathered around him, but although he kept writing-tabletsunder his pillow for practice (he used to wake up several times in thenight) he never mastered the art of writing. It was because he was atireless and remarkably successful general that he was able to make sucha mark upon European history. He concluded Pippin's wars with Aquitaine,and proclaimed his son Louis as king in 781; the one serious defeat hesuffered was in these wars, at Roncevaux in the Pyrenees, a defeat oneday immortalized in "The Song of Roland" and later 'chansons de geste'.He added Saxony to his realm after years of vicious campaigning; and,towards the end of his reign, moving against the Danes; he destroyed thekingdom of the Avars in Hungary; he subdued the Bretons, the Bavarians,and various Slav people. In the south he began the reconquest of Spainfrom the Arabs and established the Spanish March in the north-east ofthe peninsula. But perhaps his most significant campaigns were south ofthe Alps, in Italy. Pope Hadrian appealed to Charlemagne for helpagainst Desiderius of the Lombards. The campaign in the winter of 773-4was short and decisive. Desiderius was exiled, and Charlemagne, "king ofthe Franks", added "and the Lombards" to his title; later he appointedhis son Pepin as King of Italy. But popes were still not free of alltheir enemies. In 799 Leo III was ambushed by a rival party of Romanaristocrats, who tried to gouge out his eyes and cut off his tongue. Leofled to Charlemage, who was at Paderborn preparing for another waragainst the Saxons. Charlemagne ordered Leo III to be restored and,later in the year 800, came to Rome himself. On Christmas Day, in St.Peter's, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the Romans.

      Naissance : ou le 2 Avril 742 à Ingelheim ALLEMAGNE Profession : Roi desFrancs de 768 à 814, Empereur d'Occident de 800 à 814.
    Person ID I4298  Work in progress june2018
    Last Modified 9 Dec 2009 

    Father Pépin III Le Bref DE FRANCIE,   b. Abt 715,   d. 24 Sep 768, Basilique Saint-Denis, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 53 years) 
    Mother Bertrade II 'aux grands pieds' DE LAON,   b. Abt 715, Europe Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Jul 783, Choisy, Haute-Savoie, Rhône-Alpes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 68 years) 
    Married 740 
    Family ID F2363  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Married Abt 778  France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4
    Married Abt 783  Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
     1. Adeltrude Aupais DE FRANCE,   b. Abt 790, Nordhein-Westfalen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 30 Jun 2018 
    Family ID F487  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Hildegarde DE VINZGAU,   b. 758, Europe Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Apr 783, Thionville, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 25 years) 
    Married 771  Aachen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 5
    Children 
     1. Rotrude DE FRANCIE,   b. Abt 775,   d. 6 Jun 810  (Age ~ 35 years)
     2. Pépin Ier dit Charles D'ITALIE,   b. Abt 777,   d. 8 Jul 810  (Age ~ 33 years)
     3. Louis 'Le Pieux', roi d'Aquitaine,   b. 16 Apr 778, Chasseneuil, Indre, Centre, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jun 840, an Island in the Rhine near Ingelheim, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)
     4. Berthe DE FRANCIE,   b. Abt 779,   d. 14 Jan 823  (Age ~ 44 years)
    Last Modified 30 Jun 2018 
    Family ID F2362  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart