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Etienne II, Comte de Blois Chartres[1]

Male Abt 1045 - 1102  (~ 57 years)


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  • Name Etienne II  
    Suffix Comte de Blois Chartres 
    Born Abt 1045  [2
    Gender Male 
    Name Stephen II  [2
    Occupation Between 1045 and 1102  [2
    comte de Blois et Chartres 
    _AMTID 330126062691:1030:114017017 
    _UID 01EEDDCCB66548A2A518DCAB4F7F117C3C7B 
    Died 19 May 1102  Ramleh Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    • during the siege of Ramula in the Holy Land, slain by the Saracens afterthe Battle of Ascalon
    Notes 
    • About 1081 he married Adela of Normandy, the formidable daughter ofWilliam The Conqueror, and by her fathered seven children. WhenStephen's father died in 1090 he became Count of Blois and Chartres.In1095 Adela became Regent when her husband took part in the firstcrusade. He had no enthusiasm for this duty but Adela considered that heought to go, so he went. There was never any nonsense in their householdabout who made the decisions---she did. Stephen de Blois went togetherwith Adela's brother, Robert, Duke of Normandy. Having marched souththrough Italy, Stephen and his brother-in-law decided to spend thewinter comfortably in southern Italy before continuing on their way.When at last these two leaders decided to embark their men at Brindisi,disaster struck them. It was a very mediaeval kind of disaster: thefirst ship to leave port capsized and sank with the loss of all handstogether with many pack-animals, stores, and chests of money. Most oftheir armies allowed themselves to be shipped and, after a rough andunpleasant crossing, they reached Constantinople in May 1096. Stephen deBlois was impressed by the city but reserved his greatest admiration forthe Emperor Alexius. "Your father, my beloved," he wrote to Adela, "mademany gifts, but he was almost nothing compared with this man". Onecannot help but wonder how the formidable Adela reacted to this remarkabout her father, William the Conqueror; however, since her husband wasthe better part of two thousand miles away, perhaps for once he himselfdid not much mind how she reacted. Godfrey of Bouillon had attacked thecity of Nicaea and was joined, in early June 1096, by Stephen de Blois,Robert of Normandy and Raymond of Toulouse. They celebrated theirassault by cutting off the heads of as many Turks as they could find andcatapulting them over the city walls into the streets. Others were setup on spikes in front of the gates in full view of the depresseddefenders. A Byzantine force took control of the city and deprived thecrusaders of another massacre by allowing the Turks to escape. Stephenwrote to his wife in high spirits: "In five weeks' time we shall be inJerusalem, unless we are held up at Antioch". After the jointcrusader-force defeated another Turkish army, the retreating Turks laidwaste to the country, burning the crops and destroying or befouling thewells. The weather was still painfully hot and it was not long beforehunger and thirst began to take their toll. Stephen wrote to Adela tosay that it was a great mistake to imagine that the sun always shone inSyria, for "throughout this winter we have endured intense cold andincessant rain". Later Stephen marched his men to Alexandretta as he sawno point in having them massacred by the Atabeg of Mosul. Afterwards hewas to be rebuked bitterly for this 'cowardice' by the formidable Adela.He returned to France in 1099 but was forced by the inexorable Adela toreturn to the East, there to redeem his tarnished reputation which hedid by being killed in the Battle of Ramleh.
    Person ID I4359  Work in progress june2018
    Last Modified 27 Jun 2018 

    Father Thibaut III, Comte de Blois Chartres Champagne,   b. Abt 1010,   d. 1089  (Age ~ 79 years) 
    Mother Garsende DE MAINE 
    Married Abt 1045 
    Family ID F2412  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Adèle DE NORMANDIE,   b. Abt 1062, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Mar 1138, Marcigny-sur-Loire, Saône-et-Loire, Bourgogne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 76 years) 
    Married 1081  Chartes, Eure-et-Loir, Centre, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Children 
     1. Thibaut IV-II, Comte de Blois Chartres,   b. Abt 1085, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Jan 1152  (Age ~ 67 years)
    Last Modified 30 Jun 2018 
    Family ID F2410  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart