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Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor b. 955 Europe d. 7 Dec 983 Roma, Italy: Généalogie MORIN Roots

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Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor[1]

Male 955 - 983  (28 years)

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  • Name Otto II  
    Suffix Holy Roman Emperor 
    Born 955  Europe Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Name Othon II Le Sanguinaire De Germanie  [2
    Occupation From 7 May 973 to 7 Dec 983  [2
    Empereur Germanique 
    _AMTID 330126063271:1030:114017017 
    _UID 973B68AD08574BDF81679AF379B661A116DD 
    Died 7 Dec 983  Roma, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • King of the Germans and Emperor of Rome, son of Otto I and Adelaide, b.955; d. in Rome, 7 Dec., 983. In 961 he was elected king at Worms, andwas crowned at Aix, 26 May. Frail in body, he possessed an intrepid andarbitrary spirit. With him began that extravagant policy of imperialism,which aimed at restoring the world boundaries of the ancients, and toencompass the Ancient Sea (the Mediterranean). Germany and Italy were towield the balance of power. Reacting against this imperialistic policywas the revived strength of particularism. The conflict with the ducalHouse of Bavaria gave a dangerous aspect to affairs. In Bavaria (withOtto's approval) the duchess dowager Judith acted as regent for her sonHenry. Upon coming of age he was given the Duchy of Bavaria in fee byOtto II, who, at the same time, invested Ludolph's son Otto with Swabiaon the death of Duke Burchard, ignoring the latter's widow, Hedwig, adaughter of Judith. Henry, named the "Quarrelsome", supported by Abrahamof Friesing, Boleslaw of Bohemia, and Mesislav of Poland, opposed this.The war finally ended by Judith being immured in a cloister and Henrydeclared to have forfeited his duchy. Ludolph's son Otto received thevacant ducal throne. The Eastmark was separated from Bavaria and givenin fee to Luitpold of Babenberg, who laid the foundation of the futurerenown of his family. In 978 Lothair, who aspired to the acquisition ofWestern Germany, invaded Lorraine, and pillaged Aix where Otto narrowlyescaped capture. But Lothair did not advance further. In Dortmund a warof reprisal was at once decided upon; with 60,000 men, Otto marched uponParis, which he failed to take. Lothair, however, was obliged to come toterms, and in 980 the two kings met near Sedan, where Otto obtained anagreement securing the former boundaries.

      In Rome, Crescentius, a son of Theodora, headed a disorderly factionalgovernment and sought to settle the affairs of the Holy See by coercion.Otto crossed the Alps and freed the papacy. While in Rome his mindbecame imbued with dreams of ancient imperialism; he would give hisimperialistic policy a firm foundation by bringing all Italy undersubjection. In Southern Italy the Byzantines and Saracens united againstthe German pretensions, and in 982 the war with these ancient powerscommenced. Tarentum fell into the hands of the German king, but 15 July,982, he was defeated near Capo Colonne, not far from Cotrone. Thisbattle resulted in the surrender of Apulia and Calabria and destroyedthe prestige of the imperial authority throughout Italy. The effectspread to the people of the North and the turbulent Slavs on the East,and shortly after the Danes and Wends rose up in arms. But Otto wasvictorious. The Christian mission, under the leadership of pilgrims ofPassau, had made great progress in the territory of the Magyars. Thencame the defeat in Calabria, whereupon all of Slavonia, particularly theheathen part, revolted against German sovereignty. The promisingbeginnings of German and Christian culture east of the Elbe, inauguratedby Otto, were destroyed. In Bohemia the ecclesiastical organization wasthorougly established, but the emperor was unable to support the bishopwhom he had placed there. On the Havel and the Spree Christianity wasalmost annihilated. Affairs were in equally bad condition among theWends. The reign of Otto II has been justly called the period ofmartyrdom for the German Church. The missions which had been organizedby Otto I were, with few exceptions, destroyed. Otto II now renewed thedespotic policy towards the Saxonian border nobles and incited opendiscontent. In 983 he held an Imperial Diet where his son was electedking as Otto III and where the assembled nobles pledged their support.He departed with high hopes for Southern Italy. Fortune seemed to favourthe imperial leaders, who expected to wipe out the disgrace suffered inthe south. He chose a new pope, Peter of Pavia (John XIV). While in Romehe was stricken with malaria and was buried in St. Peter's. At the timeof his death the relations of the empire towards the papacy were stillundefined. He had been unable to maintain his political ascendency inRome. His imperialistic policy had placed the restraints of progressiveand pacific Christianity and Germanization on the borders; and he,pursuing fanciful dreams, believed that he might dare to transfer thegoal of his policy to the south.
    Person ID I4918  May2018
    Last Modified 9 Dec 2009 

    Father Otto I 'The Great', Holy Roman Emperor,   b. 23 Nov 912, Europe Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 May 973, Memleben, Deutschland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Mother Aelis DE BOURGOGNE,   b. Abt 931, Europe Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Dec 999, Selz, Alsace, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 68 years) 
    Married Oct 951 
    Family ID F2769  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Theophana SKLERAINA,   b. 956, Europe Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jun 991, Nijmegen, Holland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years) 
    Married EITHER 14 Apr 0972 OR 14 Jun 0972  Roma, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
     1. Mathilde OF SAXONY,   b. 978, Europe Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Dec 1025, Deutschland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years)
    Last Modified 16 May 2018 
    Family ID F2702  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S141] Leo van de Pas.

    2. [S197] G. & A. AUREJAC, Domaine de Ca.