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Boleslaw I, Duke of Bohemia[1]

Male Abt 900 - 967  (~ 67 years)


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  • Name Boleslaw I  
    Suffix Duke of Bohemia 
    Nickname 'the Gruesome' 
    Born Abt 900  Praha, Czech Republic Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Name Boleslav Ier Le Cruel De Boheme  [2
    Occupation From 929 to 967  Bohemia Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Duke of Bohemia 
    _AMTID 330126058341:1030:114017017 
    _UID 50E157E97595475EAD8482ACBAC3883BBFA5 
    Died 15 Jul 967  [1
    Notes 
    • BIOGRAPHY
      Boleslaw was the second son of Wratislaw I, duke of Bohemia andDrahomira von Stodar. Boleslaw was duke of Bohemia from 929 to hisdeath.

      Boleslaw is notorious for the murder, possibly at the behest of hismother Drahomira, of his brother Wenceslas (later canonised as St.Wenceslas), the result of which brought him to the Czech ducal throne.Wenceslas was murdered during a feast on 28 September 929, on the daywhen Boleslaw's first son was born. He received the strange name ofStrachkwas, which meant 'a dreadful feast'. Being remorseful for what hehad done, Boleslaw promised to devote his son to religion and educatehim as a clergyman. He kept his word.

      Despite the fratricide, Boleslaw is generally respected by Czechhistorians as an energetic ruler. Citing Wenceslas' religious policiesas the cause of Boleslaw's fratricide seems unlikely as Boleslaw in noway impeded the growth of Christianity in Bohemia, and in fact heactually sent his daughter Mlada, a nun, to Rome to ask permission tomake Prague a bishopric.

      One major policy shift after the death of Wenceslas related toCzech-German relations. It is usually asserted that Wenceslas was anobedient client of the German King Heinrich 'the Fowler'. Boleslaw, onthe other hand, found himself almost immediately at war with Heinrich'ssuccessor Otto 'the Great'. This conflict, presumably consisting ofborder raids (the general pattern of warfare in this region at the time)between Boleslaw on one side and the margrave of the Ostmark on theother, reached its conclusion in 950 when Boleslaw signed a peace withOtto. It cannot be said for certain if Boleslaw became a vassal of theGerman king, but it is known that he led a Czech force in alliance withOtto at the great victory over the Magyars at the Lech river (on 10August 955). He had also helped Otto to crush an uprising of Slavs onthe Lower Elbe in 953.

      Czech historians also claim that Boleslaw expanded his power intoSilesia, Lusatia, and Moravia, but no dates are given for these allegedconquests. If they did occur, they must have been only transitory gainsbecause Boleslaw's successors had to conquer them all over again.Boleslaw saw the growth of Polish strength to the north of his bordersand he accordingly arranged for his daughter Dobrawa to marry the Piastprince Mieszko I in 965. Boleslaw died on 15 July 967 and was succeededby his son Boleslaw 'the Pious'.
    Person ID I51  Work in progress june2018
    Last Modified 11 May 2018 

    Father Vratisl AV OD BOHEMIA, I Duke of Bohemia,   b. Abt 877, Praha, Czech Republic Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Feb 921  (Age ~ 44 years) 
    Mother Drahomira OD STODOR, Princess of Lutice,   b. Abt 881, Praha, Czech Republic Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 935  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Married Bef 903 
    Family ID F66  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Bozena OD BOHEMIA, Duchess of Bohemia,   b. Abt 901, Praha, Czech Republic Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Abt 921  [1
    Children 
     1. Dubrawka OD BOHEMIA, Princess of Bohemia,   b. Abt 920, Bohemia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 977  (Age ~ 57 years)
    Last Modified 30 Jun 2018 
    Family ID F61  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart