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Richard 'The Lionheart' PLANTAGENET[1]

Male 1157 - 1199  (41 years)


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  • Name Richard 'The Lionheart' PLANTAGENET 
    Born 8 Sep 1157  Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Address:
    Beaumont Palace 
    Gender Male 
    Confirmation 3 Sep 1189  [1
    • Richard Lionheart is king of England after Henry's Death London, 3September 1189 Richard Lionheart, crowned king of England today, knowslittle of thecountry he has inherited. He has spent most of his life inFrance, asduke of Aquitaine ruling the land of his mother, Eleanor, andfightinghis father, Henry 11, and his brothers. The old king's dyingwords tohis pugnacious, disloyal son were: 'God grant that I may not dietill I have had a fitting revenge onyou.' Richard, aged 32, grew up inan atmosphere of intrigue. Henry hadacquired vast territories in Franceby his marriage, and his sons werenever satisfied with their shares.When Richard's elder brother Henrydied and he became heir, his fatherwanted him to leave Aquitaine andcome to England. Richard scornfullyrefused and another family war,the last in fact, ensued. Richard's firstact as king was to release his mother, who had beenconfined atWinchester for supporting him against her husband. He hasbeen busyraising money for an expedition to Palestine. He can hardlywait to beoff crusading once more. The nick name 'Lionheart' wasgiven to him inFrance, as coeur de lion, for his military prowess.
    _AMTID 330126064749:1030:114017017 
    _FSFTID M1QH-Z5M 
    _UID 7C7AC33E34574EAA8A814CDC922BB0A2BC9F 
    Died 6 Apr 1199  France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Notes 
    • 'Richard I, the Lion-hearted, spent much of his youth in hismother'scourt at Poitiers. Richard cared much more for thecontinentalpossessions of his mother than for England - he also caredmuch morefor his mother than for his father. Family considerationsinfluencedmuch of his life: he fought along side of his brothers PrinceHenryand Geoffrey in their rebellion of 1173-4; he fought for hisfatheragainst his brothers when they supported an 1183 revolt inAquitane;and he joined Philip II of France against his father in1188,defeating Henry in 1189. 'Richard spent but six months of histen-year reign in England. Heacted upon a promise to his father to jointhe Third Crusade anddeparted for the Holy Land in 1190 (accompanied byhis partner-rivalPhilip II of France). In 1191, he conquered Cyprus enroute toJerusalem and performed admirably against Saladin, nearly takingtheholy city twice. Philip II, in the meantime, returned to Franceandschemed with Richard's brother John. The Crusade failed initsprimary objective of liberating the Holy Land from Moslem Turks,butdid have a positive result - easier access to the region forChristianpilgrims through a truce with Saladin. Richard received word ofJohn'streachery and decided to return home; he was captured by Leopold VofAustria and imprisoned by Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI.Theadministrative machinery of Henry II insured the continuance ofroyalauthority, as Richard was unable to return to his realm until1194.Upon his return, he crushed a coup attempt by John and regainedlandslost to Philip II during the German captivity. Richard's warwithPhilip continued sporadically until the French were finallydefeatednear Gisors in 1198. 'Richard died April 6, 1199, from a woundreceived in a skirmish atthe castle of Chalus in the Limousin. Near hisdeath, Richard finallyreconciled his position with his late father, asevidenced by SirRichard Baker in A Chronicle of the Kings of England:'The remorse forhis undutifulness towards his father, was living in himtill he died;for at his death he remembered it with bewailing, anddesired to beburied as near him as might be, perhaps as thinking theyshould meetthe sooner, that he might ask him forgiveness in anotherworld.'Richard's prowess and courage in battle earned him the nicknameCoeurDe Lion ('heart of the lion'), but the training of his mother'scourtis revealed in a verse Richard composed during his germancaptivity: 'No one will tell me the cause of mysorrow Whythey have made me a prisoner here.Wherefore with dolour I now makemy moan; Friends had Imany but help have I none. Shameful it isthatthey leave me to ransom, To languish here twowinters long.' Reigned 1189-1199. Prisoner in Germany 1192-1194. Ahero of Medievallegends spent all but 6 months of his reign abroad. Hebecame Duke ofAquitaine in 1168 and of Poitiers in 1172. He joined the3rd crusadein 1189 and conquered Messina and Cyprus before arriving inthe HolyLand. His victory at Arsuf gained Joppa (1191). On his way homehe wasaptured in Austria and was only released by Emporer Henry VIafterpayment of an enourmous ransom (1194). He returned briefly toEnglandbut died in France. Most sources agree that he died withoutissue, but there are some thatclaim he had this one child. I have noproof of either. It is alwaysa possiblity that he left descendants, butin this case as he wasroyalty and well documented it is doubtful.However I added it to myancestry because it is a possibility. Pleaseuse with caution.
    Person ID I6390  Work in progress june2018
    Last Modified 9 Dec 2009 

    Father King Henry II PLANTAGENET, of England,   b. 5 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Eleanore OF AQUITAINE,   b. 1121, Bordeaux, Aquitaine Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Apr 1204, Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Married 18 May 1152  Bordeaux, Gironde, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F3562  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart