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Robert DE CAEN, Earl of Gloucester d. 31 Oct 1147 Bristol, Avon, England: Généalogie MORIN Roots

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Robert DE CAEN, Earl of Gloucester[1]

Male - 1147


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  • Name Robert DE CAEN 
    Suffix Earl of Gloucester 
    Gender Male 
    Name Robert de Caen  [2
    Occupation From 1122 to 1147  [2
    Earl of Gloucester 1122-1147. 
    _AMTID 330126066304:1030:114017017 
    _COLOR 10 
    _UID 7BB5255805E84E3889191308BB54BD1DC611 
    Died 31 Oct 1147  Bristol, Avon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Notes 
    • BIOGRAPHY
      Robert was born in Caen about 1090, an illegitimate son of King Henry Iof England. He was known as Robert de Caen after his birthplace. Hewitnessed charters of the king from about April 1113 onwards and foughtat the Battle of Brémulé on 20 August 1119, where his father defeatedLouis VI, king of France.

      Between June and September 1122 Robert was created Earl of Gloucester.In 1123 he brought a force to help in capturing the castle of Brionneheld by the rebellious Norman barons. In 1126 he had custody of hisuncle, Duke Robert of Normandy, as a prisoner at Bristol and later atCardiff. In 1127 he did homage to the Empress Matilda, recognising heras his father's successor in the kingdom. On this occasion he had adispute about precedence with his cousin, Stephen de Blois, which wasdecided against him.

      In 1130 he sanctioned the foundation of the abbey of Neath. In 1131, atthe Council of Northampton, he took precedence among the five earls whoattended. In 1133 he was sent by the king to Bayeux, after the death ofBishop Richard, to enquire about the fees and services due to the see byits barons, knights and vavasours. He was present at the king's death inDecember 1135 and received 60,000 livres from him, apparently asexecutor.

      On Stephen's accession to the English Crown and his recognition as dukeby the Normans, Robert gave up Falaise to the king's agents, but removedhis father's treasure. In March 1136 he returned to England and, afterEaster, did homage for his English possessions. When Stephen granted hisCharter of Liberties, Robert was a witness. At about this time or in thefollowing year he founded the priory of St.James at Bristol as a cell toTewkesbury, giving to the Lady Chapel of the priory every tenth stonewhile building the keep of Bristol Castle at the same time.

      In 1137 he accompanied Stephen to Normandy. However, they quarrelled andthe following year his English and Welsh estates were forfeited.Thereupon he prepared for war against Stephen and took up the cause ofhis half-sister Matilda in Normandy, obtaining the surrender of Caen andBayeux to her husband, Geoffrey of Anjou. In September 1139 he landed inEngland with Matilda and, taking her to Arundel Castle, became hercommander in the civil war that ensued.

      In 1140 he burnt Nottingham, and in February 1141 he and his son-in-lawRanulph, earl of Chester, relieved Lincoln and took Stephen prisoner,sending him to Bristol. He accompanied Matilda in her progress toWinchester and London, and when the citizens drove her out he fled withher to Oxford.

      Taking part in the fighting at Winchester, he helped Matilda to escapefrom the city, but on 14 September 1141 he was captured at Stockbridgeand taken prisoner to Rochester. Shortly afterwards he was exchanged,without concessions on either side, for King Stephen. Robert then joinedMatilda at Bristol and proceeded with her to Oxford.

      In June 1142 Matilda sent Robert over to her husband to urge him toinvade England. Geoffrey declined to help until he had conqueredNormandy, so Robert joined him in his campaign. When they received thenews that Matilda was besieged in Oxford, Robert hurried back to helpher, taking with him her son, the future King Henry II. He capturedWareham and other places and, on Matilda's escape from Oxford, he andHenry met her at Wallingford. In 1143 Robert defeated Stephen at Wilton,and in 1144 he blockaded Malmesbury, Stephen refusing battle.

      Matilda's party was now so much reduced that Stephen was able to takeFaringdon, which had been fortified by Robert. In the spring of 1147Robert took Henry back to Wareham and sent him over to Anjou; in thesame year he founded Margam Abbey. On 31 October 1147 Robert died of afever at Bristol and was buried there in the priory of St.James.
    Person ID I7904  May2018
    Last Modified 2 Jan 2010 

    Father Henry I, of England,   b. 1068, Selby, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec 1135, St-Denis-le-Fermont, Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years) 
    Married 11 Nov 1100  Westminster, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F3525  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Married Y  [2
    Children 
     1. William OF GLOUCESTER, 2nd Earl of Gloucester,   b. Abt 1120,   d. 23 Nov 1183, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 63 years)
    Last Modified 16 May 2018 
    Family ID F4151  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S141] Leo van de Pas.

    2. [S206] Blocher.